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Lancia 2000 sedan
|Designer||Piero Castagnero (Berlina)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Engine||2.0 L (1991 cc) Lancia H4 115-126 PS|
|Length||4,620 mm (181.9 in)|
coupé: 4,555 mm (179.3 in)
|Width||1,610 mm (63.4 in)|
coupé: 1,605 mm (63.2 in)
|Height||1,440 mm (56.7 in)|
coupé: 1,340 mm (52.8 in)
|Curb weight||1,230 kg (2,712 lb)|
coupé: 1,150 kg (2,535 lb)
The Lancia 2000 (Tipo 820) is a series of automobiles produced by Lancia between 1971 and 1975. Designed by Lancia engineers prior to the marque's acquisition by Fiat, the 2000 was, in both the sedan and coupé versions, a direct evolution of the Lancia Flavia which it replaced.
The 2000 sedan
The 2000 sedan kept the central part of the body (roof, doors, interior) and the entire drivetrain (except for some improvements to the fuel injection) of its predecessor, the second series of the Flavia.
The most important changes were made to the front and rear of the body where the designers reinterpreted the styling in a more modern idiom. In particular, the tail was squared and simplified, and the nose lost its separate air intake and headlamp nacelles. The mechanics retained most of the Flavia's specifications including the front-wheel drive, boxer engine, independent suspension and disc brakes all around, with vacuum-assist and split-circuits (called "Superduplex" by Lancia).
The 2000 used the 1991 cc 4-cylinder boxer engine, available in either carbureted form (115 hp) or with fuel-injection (126 hp). The latter abandoned the previously used Kugelfischer mechanical system in favor of a more reliable Bosch D-type electronic system. The transmission (produced by ZF) was a 4-speed manual-type for the 2000 equipped with a carburetor, and a manual 5-speed for the fuel-injected 2000. Since the 2000 was given a flagship role for Lancia (following in the footsteps of the prestigious Flaminia), the 2000 was given a high standard of finishes (fine wood for the dashboard and velvet or leather upholstery) and standard or optional equipment including hydraulically operated power steering (also manufactured by ZF), air conditioning, electric windows and sun blinds.
Because of the 2000s high production costs, Fiat was not in favor of putting the model into production, despite it being ready for production in 1969, which delayed its launch. But in the absence of any other new Lancia flagship models being ready, the 2000 was nonetheless launched in 1971. The 2000 was considered by many fans of the marque to be "the last real Lancia" due to the high build quality that the later models (Beta and Gamma) lacked. It was produced until 1974 with a total of 14,319 examples being made.
One example was used in the Ron Howard film "Rush". After breaking down on a roadway in Italy, it was the car that picked up Niki Lauda and his future wife. The owner of the car insisted Lauda drive even though it was "it was dog shit". He opened it up after being convinced to drive fast because his future wife asked him to.[relevant? ]
The 2000 and 2000 HF Coupé
The Lancia 2000 and 2000 HF Coupé were an evolution of the Series II Flavia Coupé. The car's bodyshell was designed and made by Pininfarina. The interior was also designed by Pininfarina and bears a striking resemblance to that of the Ferrari 330 GT. The cosmetic changes to the 2000 Coupé were largely confined to a new grille (matte black instead of chrome) with headlamps incorporated into the now wider intake, new bumpers (with rubber strips on the HF), and the tail was shorn of its vestigial tailfins, with a raised and squared decklid.
The interior did not undergo significant changes, merely refinement of the previous design. The powerplant was adopted from the 2000 sedan and available in two states of tune: carbureted on the 2000 Coupé, Bosch electronic fuel injection and engine management on the 2000 HF. The HF was recognizable by the body-side rub-strip, wooden Nardi steering wheel, and magnesium alloy wheels by Cromodora. Both versions had a 5-speed manual transmission with a dog-leg gearbox arrangement.
The Lancia 2000 and 2000 HF coupé were technologically advanced for the day with features such as a 5 speed transmission, power assisted steering and electronic fuel injection on the 2000 HF. They are very well appointed with polished stainless steel brightwork, as opposed to chromed mild steel.
The 2000 and 2000HF Coupé are considered to be some of the last true Lancia cars, designed before Fiat took control of the company in 1969. The cars do not suffer the corrosion problems associated with later generation Lancias and are generally regarded as being more resistant than contemporary rivals from other manufacturers.
The Bosch electronics that were developed specifically for the 2000s boxer engine raised its maximum power to 123 hp, the same as contemporary BMW and Alfa Romeo cars. This improvement, however, was never publicized by Lancia because the marketing department believed that their targeted customers would less favorably respond to a campaign that emphasized power and performance rather than quality, technical sophistication and riding comfort.
|2000||1969–74||1991 cc Lancia OHV H4||twin-choke carburettor||115 PS DIN (85 kW; 113 hp) at 5,500 rpm||170 N⋅m (125 lb⋅ft) at 3,500 rpm|
|2000 Iniezione||Bosch fuel injection||125 PS DIN (92 kW; 123 hp) at 5,800 rpm||172 N⋅m (127 lb⋅ft) at 3,700 rpm|
|2000 Coupé HF||1971–1975||1229||820.436|
- Lancisti.net - An Information Exchange and Support Community for Lancia Owners and Enthusiasts
- Lancia Motor Club (UK)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lancia 2000.|
|Small family car||Ardea||Appia||Delta I|
|Large family car||Aprilia||Fulvia||Beta|
|Executive car||Artena||Flavia I||2000||Gamma|
|Coupé||Appia Coupé/GTE/Sport||Fulvia Coupé/Sport|
|Flavia Coupé/Sport||2000 Coupé||Gamma Coupé|
|Aurelia B20||Flaminia Coupé/Sport/GT|
|Convertible||Appia Convertibile||Beta Spider|
|Aurelia B24||Flaminia Convertibile||Flavia Convertibile|
|Sports car||Beta Montecarlo|
|Rally car||Fulvia HF||Stratos HF|
|Racing car||D20 D23 D24 D25||D50||Montecarlo Turbo|