Lancia Dedra

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Lancia Dedra
Lancia Dedra from La Spezia.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Lancia
Production 1989–2000
418,084 built[1]
Assembly Chivasso, Italy
Rivalta, Italy[1]
Designer Ercole Spada[2] at I.DE.A Institute[3]
Body and chassis
Class Large family car (D)
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door station wagon
Layout FF layout / AWD
Platform Fiat Type Three (Tipo Tre) platform[4]
Related Lancia Delta
Fiat Tempra
Alfa Romeo 155
Fiat Tipo
Powertrain
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic[3]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,340 mm (170.9 in)[5]
4343 mm (SW)[6]
Width 1,700 mm (66.9 in)
Height 1,430 mm (56.3 in)[5]
1,446 mm (56.9 in) (SW)[6]
Curb weight 1,060 kg (2,337 lb)-1,330 kg (2,932 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Lancia Prisma
Successor Lancia Lybra

The Lancia Dedra (Type 835) is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automaker Lancia from 1989 to 2000. It was initially designed to support, and later to replace, the Prisma that, six years after its launch, was having difficulties to keep in pace with its latest opponents. It can be considered as the saloon version of the second generation Delta, that was launched four years later, in 1993.

History[edit]

The task of the Dedra was demanding: it must continue the legacy of the Prisma, which relaunched the Lancia brand in the field of compact executive cars, and expand its market share if possible. Larger than its predecessor, the Dedra was presented as the second flagship car of Lancia, as a car that could satisfy those looking for an elegant medium-sized sedan but did not want to buy an executive car, as the Thema.

The design, by Ercole Spada of the I.DE.A Institute, produced an excellent drag coefficient of only 0.29. The core of the product was prestige, exclusivity, personality and comfort, achieved through a high level of equipment and use of materials (e.g. Alcantara) as well as details such as special paints, alloy wheels and an attention to soundproofing, ventilation and other issues. Inside the ability to obtain the perfect driving position was helped by the adjustable seats, steering wheel and electrically adjustable mirrors. Safety, both passive with a structure designed to minimize injury in an accident, and active, such as ABS and airbag, was also near the top of the Dedra's agenda.

Pre-facelift Lancia Dedra Berlina rear
Dashboard of first facelift

It was based on the Fiat Tipo-floorpan, because the idea of Fiat Group at the end of the 80s was to achieve, from a single floorpan (for reasons of economies of scale), four different cars from the same base: good value for money for the Fiat Tipo (1988), elegance for Lancia Dedra 1989, convenience at a competitive price for the Fiat Tempra (1990) (with its large boot) and sportsmanship for the Alfa Romeo 155 (1992). Also were designed on the same floorpan the Lancia Delta and the Fiat Coupe.

In 1991 was launched the Dedra Integrale. It used the same engine and transmission that the Delta Integrale 8v. The Delta Integrale 8v engine is one of the world's most competition proven power units, a 2-litre four-cylinder fuel injected twin cam engine, fitted with contra-rotating balancing shafts, and a Garrett T3 turbocharger and associated inter-cooler to aid volumetric efficiency that boost power output to 171 PS (127 kW) in catalyzed version. The Dedra Integrale also uses the same permanent four-wheel drive of the Delta Integrale, and includes the new Visco Drive 2000 traction control system. Also includes the electronically controlled suspension available as option in the 2.0 and upper versions.

Rear of Lancia Dedra SW 1.6 (Portugal)

When the Dedra was launched, it was a good time for Lancia: The Thema had been facelifted a year earlier, and despite being on the market for five years was selling well, the Delta (1979), thanks its continued success in competition was living a second youth, and the Y10 had a slight restyling and good sales. However, the Dedra was not a strong success outside Italy. A major facelift in 1993 did little to boost the car's sales success and the whole Lancia range including the Dedra was withdrawn from RHD markets a year later. The car, from 1994 also sold as a station wagon which was developed by French coachbuilders Heuliez, remained popular on the Italian market until it was replaced by the all-new Lybra at the end of the 90s.

A total of 418,084 Dedras were manufactured during its commercial life.

Summary[edit]

  • January 89: Production begun
  • April 89: Official launch (1.6 L, 1.8 L, 2.0 L and 1.9 L tds versions).
  • May 91: Launch of Integrale and 2.0 L turbocharger versions.
  • May 92: Launch of automatic version.
  • October 92: First facelift.
  • January 93: Enhancement of security equipment.
  • July 94: Launch of second version, with new engines, station wagon version and other minor enhancements.
  • January 95: Included antitheft device.
  • November 95: Second facelift.
  • February 96: 2.0 L engine was replaced by 1.8 L 16 V.
  • January 97: New 2.0 L 16 V Integrale version.
  • May 97: New interiors.
  • July 97: New 1.8 L 113 PS (83 kW; 111 hp) engine.
  • December 97: Launch of third version, with new engines, new frontal, new door and other minor enhancements.
  • January 00: End of production.

Versions[edit]

The Dedra had some revisions. The first was in 1992, to adapt the engine, resizing the features and introducing the HF Integrale 180 HP version. The second was between 1994 and 1998, with the introduction of the DOHC 16V engine.

Phase one (1992)[edit]

Dedra MY 1998 (phase three)
  • Dedra 1.6 ie 8V - 88 HP
  • Dedra 1.6 ie cat - 76 HP
  • Dedra 1.8 ie cat - 107 HP
  • Dedra 2.0 ie cat - 115 HP
  • Dedra 2.0 ie Automatic - 115 PS (4 gears)[7]
  • Dedra 2.0 Turbo 8v HF - 165 PS (FWD)
  • Dedra 2.0 Turbo 8v HF Integrale - 180 PS
  • Dedra 1.9 Turbo DS cat - 90 PS

The Dedra 2.0 Turbo 8V HF Integrale, with equip LX, had a digital panel and also had an autoblocante, allowing to control the car better in dangerous surfaces. This car, thanks to the 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) engine, reached a top speed of 230 km/h (143 mph), with 13 L/100 km. The Dedra HF Integrale, and Turbo, could have an optional rear wing spoiler to give a better aerodynamic at high speeds.

The Dedra 2.0 Turbo 8V HF FWD was lighter than Integrale, but even a bit lower than Integrale. Both of them had wheels 195/50 R 15.

Phase two (1994) (restyling)[edit]

Rear view of Dedra
  • Dedra 1.6 8V MPI - 90 PS
  • Dedra 1.8 16V - 108 PS
  • Dedra 2.0 16V - 139 PS
  • Dedra 2.0 16V Integrale - 139 PS

Three years later, the HF versiones were replaced by atmospheric 16V engines.

Phase three (1996 - 1998)[edit]

  • Dedra 1.8 16v 113 PS (1996). This motor was also used in Fiat Bravo.
  • Dedra 1.8 16v VVT 131 PS (1996). Replaced the 2.0 16V 139 PS.
  • Dedra 1.6 16v 103 PS (1998). This motor was also used in Fiat Bravo.

Engines[edit]

Lancia Dedra
Versión Potencia Torque Engine displacement Cilindros Peso Vel. máx. Manufacturation
1.6 i.e. (SPI) 88 HP 128 N·m 1581 cc 4 cylinders 1060 kg 180 km/h 1989 - 1994
1.6 i.e. (cat.) (SPI) 75 HP 125 N·m 1581 cc 4 cylinders 1100 kg 167 km/h 1992 - 1994
1.6 i.e. (MPI) 90 HP 128 N·m 1581 cc 4 cylinders 1100 kg 180 km/h 1994 - 1998
1.6 16v (MPI) 103 HP 145 N·m 1581 cc 4 cylinders 1175 kg 186 km/h 1998 - 1999
1.8 i.e. bialbero (MPI) 109 HP (105 HP cat.) 142 N·m 1756 cc 4 cylinders 1200 kg 187 km/h 1989 - 1994
1.8 16v (MPI) 113 HP 157 N·m 1747 cc 4 cylinders 1235 kg 195 km/h 1996 - 1997
1.8 16v V.V.T. (fasatura variabile) (MPI) 131 HP 167 N·m 1747 cc 4 cylinders 1255 kg 203 km/h 1996 - 1999
2.0 i.e. bialbero (MPI) 117 HP (113 HP cat.) 162 N·m 1995 cc 4 cylinders 1180 kg 195 km/h 1989 - 1994
2.0 Automatic (MPI) 115 HP 162 N·m 1995 cc 4 cylinders 1210 kg 190 km/h 1992 - 1997
2.0 16v (MPI) 139 HP 185 N·m 1995 cc 4 cylinders 1260 kg 210 km/h 1994 - 1996
2.0 16v Integrale (MPI) 139 HP 185 N·m 1995 cc 4 cylinders 1395 kg 195 km/h 1994 - 1997
2.0 Turbo 8v HF (MPI) 165 HP 285 N·m 1995 cc 4 cylinders 1245 kg 215 km/h 1991 - 1994
2.0 Turbo 8v HF Integrale (MPI) 180 HP (172 HP cat.) 275 N·m 1995 cc 4 cylinders 1345 kg 215 km/h 1991 - 1994
2.0 TD 90 HP 186 N·m 1929 cc 4 cylinders 1200 kg 184 km/h 1989 - 1993
2.0 TD cat. 92 HP 194 N·m 1929 cc 4 cylinders 1240 kg 187 km/h 1993 - 1999
  • SPI = single point injection, Bosch Monomotronic o Siemens.
  • MPI = multi point injectión.
  • cat. = catalized version, mandatory from 1993.

Performance[edit]

Petrol[edit]

Model Acceleration 0–100 km/h (s) Top speed
1.6 13,4 (SW: 13,3) 180 km/h (112 mph) (SW: 175 km/h (109 mph))
1.8 12,5 (SW: 12,7) 185 km/h (115 mph) (SW: 180 km/h (112 mph))
1.8 16v 10,3 (SW: 10,6) 191 km/h (119 mph) (SW: 186 km/h (116 mph))
1.8 16v VVT 10,0 (SW: 10,0) 203 km/h (126 mph) (SW: 198 km/h (123 mph))
2.0 8v Turbo Integrale 6,9 (SW:/) 215 km/h (134 mph) (SW: /)
2.0 16v 9,4 (SW: 10,3) 210 km/h (130 mph) (SW: 210 km/h (130 mph))
2.0 16 v automatic 12,9 185 km/h (115 mph)

Diesel[edit]

Model Acceleration 0–100 km/h (s) Top speed
1.9 Turbo DS 12,9 (SW: 13,3) 180 km/h (112 mph) (SW: 180 km/h (112 mph))

Reception[edit]

In October 2013, Top Gear magazine placed the Dedra on its list of "The 13 worst cars of the last 20 years."[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Produktionszahlen marke Lancia bis 2004" (PDF). lancia-historie.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  2. ^ Chris Koopmann. "Ercole Spada". zagato-cars.com. Retrieved 2012-05-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Lancia Dedra". carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  4. ^ "Curiosidades Tipo". Fiat Tipo Portugal. Archived from the original on 2012-03-05. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
  5. ^ a b "1990 Lancia Dedra 1.6i". carfolio.com/specifications. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  6. ^ a b "Lancia Dedra 1.6 16v Station Wagon". carfolio.com. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  7. ^ "Automaticamente Dedra alla conquista d'Europa". Corriere della Sera. 1 May 1992. Retrieved 14 October 2009. 
  8. ^ "The 13 Worst Cars of the Last 20 Years". Top Gear magazine. 2013-10-31. Retrieved 2014-10-12. 

External links[edit]