|Designer||Ercole Spada at I.DE.A Institute|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Large family car (D)|
|Body style||4-door saloon|
5-door station wagon
|Layout||FF layout / AWD|
|Platform||Fiat Type Three (Tipo Tre) platform|
Alfa Romeo 155
|Wheelbase||2,540 mm (100.0 in)|
|Length||4,340 mm (170.9 in)|
4343 mm (SW)
|Width||1,700 mm (66.9 in)|
|Height||1,430 mm (56.3 in)|
1,446 mm (56.9 in) (SW)
|Curb weight||1,060 kg (2,337 lb)-1,330 kg (2,932 lb)|
The Lancia Dedra (Type 835) is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automaker Lancia from 1989 to 1999. It was initially designed to support, and later to replace, the Prisma that, six years after its launch, was having difficulties to keep in pace with its latest opponents. It can be considered as the saloon version of the second generation Delta, that was launched four years later, in 1993.
The task of the Dedra was demanding: it must continue the legacy of the Prisma, which relaunched the Lancia brand in the field of compact executive cars, and expand its market share if possible. Larger than its predecessor, the Dedra was presented as the second flagship car of Lancia, as a car that could satisfy those looking for an elegant medium-sized sedan but did not want to buy an executive car, as the Thema.
The design, by Ercole Spada of the I.DE.A Institute, produced an excellent drag coefficient of only 0.29. The core of the product was prestige, exclusivity, personality and comfort, achieved through a high level of equipment and use of materials (e.g. Alcantara) as well as details such as special paints, alloy wheels and an attention to soundproofing, ventilation and other issues. Inside the ability to obtain the perfect driving position was helped by the adjustable seats, steering wheel and electrically adjustable mirrors. Safety, both passive with a structure designed to minimize injury in an accident, and active, such as ABS and airbag, was also near the top of the Dedra's agenda.
It was based on the Fiat Type Three platform, because the idea of Fiat Group at the end of the 80s was to achieve, from a single floorpan (for reasons of economies of scale), three different cars from the same base: elegance for Lancia Dedra 1989, convenience at a competitive price for the Fiat Tempra (1990) (with its large boot) and sportsmanship for the Alfa Romeo 155 (1992).
In 1991 was launched the Dedra Integrale. It used the same engine and transmission that the Delta Integrale 8v. The Delta Integrale 8v engine is one of the world's most competition proven power units, a 2-litre four-cylinder fuel injected twin cam engine, fitted with contra-rotating balancing shafts, and a Garrett T3 turbocharger and associated inter-cooler to aid volumetric efficiency that boost power output to 171 PS (127 kW) in catalyzed version. The Dedra Integrale also uses the same permanent four-wheel drive of the Delta Integrale, and includes the new Visco Drive 2000 traction control system. Also includes the electronically controlled suspension available as option in the 2.0 and upper versions.
When the Dedra was launched, it was a good time for Lancia: The Thema had been facelifted a year earlier, and despite being on the market for five years was selling well, the Delta (1979), thanks its continued success in competition was living a second youth, and the Y10 had a slight restyling and good sales. However, the Dedra was not a strong success outside Italy. A major facelift in 1993 did little to boost the car's sales success and the whole Lancia range including the Dedra was withdrawn from RHD markets a year later. The car, from 1994 also sold as a station wagon which was developed by French coachbuilders Heuliez, remained popular on the Italian market until it was replaced by the all-new Lybra at the end of the 90s.
A total of 418,084 Dedras were manufactured during its commercial life.
- January 89: Production begun
- April 89: Official launch (1.6 L, 1.8 L, 2.0 L and 1.9 L tds versions).
- May 91: Launch of Integrale and 2.0 L turbocharger versions.
- May 92: Launch of automatic version.
- October 92: First facelift.
- January 93: Enhancement of security equipment.
- July 94: Launch of second version, with new engines, station wagon version and other minor enhancements.
- January 95: Included antitheft device.
- November 95: Second facelift.
- February 96: 2.0 L engine was replaced by 1.8 L 16 V.
- January 97: New 2.0 L 16 V Integrale version.
- May 97: New interiors.
- July 97: New 1.8 L 113 PS (83 kW; 111 hp) engine.
- December 97: Launch of third version, with new engines, new frontal, new door and other minor enhancements.
- January 00: End of production.
The Dedra had some revisions. The first was in 1992, to adapt the engine, resizing the features and introducing the HF Integrale 180 HP version. The second was between 1994 and 1998, with the introduction of the DOHC 16V engine.
Phase one (1992)
- Dedra 1.6 ie 8V - 90 HP
- Dedra 1.6 ie cat - 76 HP
- Dedra 1.8 ie cat - 107 HP
- Dedra 2.0 ie cat - 115 HP
- Dedra 2.0 ie Automatic - 115 PS (4 gears)
- Dedra 2.0 Turbo 8v HF - 165 PS (FWD)
- Dedra 2.0 Turbo 8v HF Integrale - 180 PS
- Dedra 1.9 Turbo DS cat - 90 PS
The Dedra 2.0 Turbo 8V HF Integrale, with equip LX, had a digital panel and also had an autoblocante, allowing to control the car better in dangerous surfaces. This car, thanks to the 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) engine, reached a top speed of 230 km/h (143 mph), with 13 L/100 km. The Dedra HF Integrale, and Turbo, could have an optional rear wing spoiler to give a better aerodynamic at high speeds.
The Dedra 2.0 Turbo 8V HF FWD was lighter than Integrale, but even a bit lower than Integrale. Both of them had wheels 195/50 R 15.
Phase two (1994) (restyling)
- Dedra 1.6 8V MPI - 90 PS
- Dedra 1.8 16V - 108 PS
- Dedra 2.0 16V - 139 PS
- Dedra 2.0 16V Integrale - 139 PS
Three years later, the HF versiones were replaced by atmospheric 16V engines.
Phase three (1996 - 1998)
- Dedra 1.8 16v 113 PS (1996). This motor was also used in Fiat Bravo.
- Dedra 1.8 16v VVT 131 PS (1996). Replaced the 2.0 16V 139 PS.
- Dedra 1.6 16v 103 PS (1998). This motor was also used in Fiat Bravo.
|Version||Power||Torque||Engine displacement||No. of cylinders||Weight||Vel. max.||Production|
|1.6 i.e.||(SPI) 90 HP||128 N·m||1581 cc||4 cylinders||1060 kg||180 km/h||1989 - 1994|
|1.6 i.e. (cat.)||(SPI) 75 HP||125 N·m||1581 cc||4 cylinders||1100 kg||167 km/h||1992 - 1994|
|1.6 i.e.||(MPI) 90 HP||128 N·m||1581 cc||4 cylinders||1100 kg||180 km/h||1994 - 1998|
|1.6 16v||(MPI) 103 HP||145 N·m||1581 cc||4 cylinders||1175 kg||186 km/h||1998 - 1999|
|1.8 i.e. bialbero||(MPI) 109 HP (105 HP cat.)||142 N·m||1756 cc||4 cylinders||1200 kg||187 km/h||1989 - 1994|
|1.8 16v||(MPI) 113 HP||157 N·m||1747 cc||4 cylinders||1235 kg||195 km/h||1996 - 1997|
|1.8 16v V.V.T. (fasatura variabile)||(MPI) 131 HP||167 N·m||1747 cc||4 cylinders||1255 kg||203 km/h||1996 - 1999|
|2.0 i.e. bialbero||(MPI) 117 HP (113 HP cat.)||162 N·m||1995 cc||4 cylinders||1180 kg||195 km/h||1989 - 1994|
|2.0 Automatic||(MPI) 115 HP||162 N·m||1995 cc||4 cylinders||1210 kg||190 km/h||1992 - 1997|
|2.0 16v||(MPI) 139 HP||185 N·m||1995 cc||4 cylinders||1260 kg||210 km/h||1994 - 1996|
|2.0 16v Integrale||(MPI) 139 HP||185 N·m||1995 cc||4 cylinders||1395 kg||195 km/h||1994 - 1997|
|2.0 Turbo 8v HF||(MPI) 165 HP||285 N·m||1995 cc||4 cylinders||1245 kg||215 km/h||1991 - 1994|
|2.0 Turbo 8v HF Integrale||(MPI) 180 HP (172 HP cat.)||275 N·m||1995 cc||4 cylinders||1345 kg||215 km/h||1991 - 1994|
|2.0 TD||90 HP||186 N·m||1929 cc||4 cylinders||1200 kg||184 km/h||1989 - 1993|
|2.0 TD cat.||92 HP||194 N·m||1929 cc||4 cylinders||1240 kg||187 km/h||1993 - 1999|
- SPI = single point injection, Bosch Monomotronic o Siemens.& SPI weber marelly
- MPI = multi point injectión.
- cat. = catalized version, mandatory from 1993.
|Model||Acceleration 0–100 km/h (s)||Top speed|
|1.6||13,4 (SW: 13,3)||180 km/h (112 mph) (SW: 175 km/h (109 mph))|
|1.8||12,5 (SW: 12,7)||185 km/h (115 mph) (SW: 180 km/h (112 mph))|
|1.8 16v||10,3 (SW: 10,6)||191 km/h (119 mph) (SW: 186 km/h (116 mph))|
|1.8 16v VVT||10,0 (SW: 10,0)||203 km/h (126 mph) (SW: 198 km/h (123 mph))|
|2.0 8v Turbo Integrale||6,9 (SW:/)||215 km/h (134 mph) (SW: /)|
|2.0 16v||9,4 (SW: 10,3)||210 km/h (130 mph) (SW: 210 km/h (130 mph))|
|2.0 16 v automatic||12,9||185 km/h (115 mph)|
|Model||Acceleration 0–100 km/h (s)||Top speed|
|1.9 Turbo DS||12,9 (SW: 13,3)||180 km/h (112 mph) (SW: 180 km/h (112 mph))|
In 1992, IAD Studio presented its Magia prototype based on Dedra Integrale rolling chassis. Four-seat coupé, finished in bright orange, of distinctive wedge shape with combination of soft lines and aggressive details, designed by Michael Ani and Chris Garfield of IAD.
- "Produktionszahlen marke Lancia bis 2004" (PDF). lancia-historie.de. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2008-05-04.
- Chris Koopmann. "Ercole Spada". zagato-cars.com. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
- "Lancia Dedra". carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
- "Curiosidades Tipo". Fiat Tipo Portugal. Archived from the original on 2012-03-05. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
- "1990 Lancia Dedra 1.6i". carfolio.com/specifications. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
- "Lancia Dedra 1.6 16v Station Wagon". carfolio.com. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
- "Automaticamente Dedra alla conquista d'Europa". Corriere della Sera. 1 May 1992. Retrieved 14 October 2009.
- "The 13 Worst Cars of the Last 20 Years". Top Gear magazine. 2013-10-31. Retrieved 2014-10-12.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lancia Dedra.|
- 1990 Advertisement
- Lancia Dedra Review by the Automobile Association
- Lancia Dedra: Retrospective (in Italian)
|Supermini||A112||Y10||Y||Ypsilon I||Ypsilon II|
|Small family car||Delta I||Delta II||Delta III|
|Compact executive car||Beta||Prisma||Dedra||Lybra|
|Executive car||Gamma||Thema I||Kappa||Thesis||Thema II|
|Gamma Coupé||Kappa Coupé|
|Sports car||Montecarlo||Delta HF 4WD/integrale|
|Rally 037||Delta S4|
|Rally car||Rally 037||Delta S4||Delta HF Group A|
|Racing car||Montecarlo Turbo||LC1||LC2|