LandSpace (Chinese: 蓝箭; pinyin: Lán Jiàn; literally: 'Blue Arrow') or Landspace Technology Corporation (Chinese: 蓝箭空间科技; pinyin: Lán Jiàn Kōngjiān Kējì; literally: 'Blue Arrow Space Technology') is a Chinese private space launch company based in Beijing. It was founded by Tsinghua University in 2015. The company conducted its first launch of the Zhuque-1 rocket on 27 October 2018, however the payload failed to reach orbit due to an issue with the third stage.
Zhuque-1 (Chinese：朱雀一号or朱雀·南太湖号), also called LandSpace-1, is a 19-meter (62 ft)-tall, three-stage solid-propellant rocket. Zhuque-1 has a takeoff mass of 27 tonnes (60,000 lb) and a thrust of 45 tonnes-force (99,000 lbf), and is able to carry 300 kilograms (660 lb) of payload into a 300 kilometres (190 mi) low Earth orbit.
The maiden flight of Zhuque-1 was on 27 October 2018 from a mobile platform at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, carrying a satellite for China Central Television. After a successful first- and second-stage firing, and fairing separation, the payload failed to reach orbit due to an issue with the third stage.
LandSpace is also developing a liquid-fuelled rocket called Zhuque-2 (ZQ-2). Zhuque-2 is a medium-sized rocket powered by liquid oxygen and methane capable of lifting 4,000 kg of payload into a 200 km low Earth orbit, or 2,000 kg of payload into a 500 km Sun-synchronous orbit. As of July 2018[update], the rocket was planned to be launched in 2020.
In May 2019, LandSpace did test firings of its liquid methane and LOX fuelled TQ-12 rocket engine at its test facility at Huzhou, Zhejiang province. LandSpace’s head of research and development, Ge Minghe, says the engine has a thrust of 80 tonnes. The Huzhou facility will be able to produce about 15 ZQ 2 rockets and 200 TQ-12 engines starting in 2020, according to CEO, Zhang Changwu.
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- Advanced rocket engine ready for space mission May 2019
- LandSpace Completes Hot Fire Test of Groundbreaking TQ-12 Methalox Engine May 2019
- Advanced rocket engine ready for space mission, Space Daily, 2019-05-21
- Doug Messier (20 December 2017). "EXPACE Raises $182 Million for Small Satellite Launchers". Parabolic Arc.
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