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Land Space Technology Corporation Ltd.
Land Space

LandSpace (Chinese: 蓝箭[1]; pinyin: Lán Jiàn; lit.: 'Blue Arrow') or Landspace Technology Corporation[2] (Chinese: 蓝箭空间科技[3][4]; pinyin: Lán Jiàn Kōngjiān Kējì; lit.: 'Blue Arrow Space Technology') is a Chinese private space launch company based in Beijing.[5][2] It was founded by Tsinghua University[5] in 2015.[6] The company conducted its first launch of the Zhuque-1 rocket on 27 October 2018, however the payload failed to reach orbit due to an issue with the third stage.[7][8]

The firm aims to develop, build and operate a solid fueled orbital rocket Zhuque-1, which is technologically based on the Long March 11 rocket of the Chinese government. LandSpace also aims to develop an original rocket design, the liquid fueled orbital rocket Zhuque-2.[9]



Zhuque-1 (ZQ-1, Chinese:朱雀一号or朱雀·南太湖号), also called LandSpace-1 or LS-1 (the name LandSpace-1 or LS-1 was originally reserved for a different rocket that did not in the end materialize;[10] after cancellation of the rocket, the name LandSpace-1 was affiliated to LandSpace's rocket-to-be-developed, the Zhuque-1), is a 19-meter (62 ft)-tall, three-stage solid-propellant rocket. All stages have a diameter of 1.35 m. It is likely based on the DF-26 missile's rocket motor.[11] Zhuque-1 has a takeoff mass of 27 tonnes (60,000 lb) and a thrust of 45 tonnes-force (99,000 lbf), and is able to carry 300 kilograms (660 lb) of payload into a 300 kilometres (190 mi) low Earth orbit.[7]

The maiden flight of Zhuque-1 was on 27 October 2018 from a mobile platform at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, carrying Weila-1 satellite for China Central Television. After a successful first- and second-stage firing, and fairing separation, the payload failed to reach orbit due to an issue with the third stage.[7][8] Zhuque-1 was the first Chinese private orbital rocket to attempt an orbital launch.[12]

According so some reports, the manufacturer of the solid rocket motors has ended their contract with LandSpace. This raised doubts as to whether there will be a second flight of Zhuque-1.[11]


LandSpace is also developing a liquid-fuelled rocket called Zhuque-2 (ZQ-2).[5] Zhuque-2 is a medium-sized rocket powered by liquid oxygen and methane capable of lifting 4,000 kg of payload into a 200 km low Earth orbit, or 2,000 kg of payload into a 500 km Sun-synchronous orbit.[13][14] As of July 2018, the rocket was planned to be launched in 2020.[citation needed]

Zhuque-2 will have a liftoff weight of 216 metric tons and use multiple Tianque-12 (TQ-12) methalox engines - each with a thrust of up to 80 metric tonnes.[15][16]

In May 2019, LandSpace did test firings of its liquid methane and LOX fuelled TQ-12 rocket engine at its test facility at Huzhou, Zhejiang province. LandSpace's head of research and development, Ge Minghe, says the engine has a thrust of 80 tonnes. The Huzhou facility will be able to produce about 15 ZQ 2 rockets and 200 TQ-12 engines starting in 2020, according to CEO, Zhang Changwu.[17][18]


LandSpace is one of several Chinese solid rocket startups in competition, others being OneSpace, LinkSpace, ExPace,[19] i-Space and Galactic Energy.


  1. ^ 蓝箭官网
  2. ^ a b "Private firm inks intl contract for commercial rocket launch". China Daily. Xinhua. 16 January 2017.
  3. ^ "北京蓝箭空间科技有限公司(landspace)" (in Chinese). China Spaceflight. 30 September 2017.
  4. ^ Henri Kenhamn (2017). "LandSpace : le futur SpaceX chinois" (in French). East Pendulum.
  5. ^ a b c Jeffrey Lin; P.W. Singer (23 January 2017). "A private Chinese space company just scored a foreign contract for the first time". Popular Science.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  6. ^ Clay Dillow (28 March 2017). "China's secret plan to crush SpaceX and the US space program". CNBC.
  7. ^ a b c Barbosa, Rui C. (27 October 2018). "Chinese commercial provider LandSpace launches Weilai-1 on a Zhuque-1 rockets – fails to make orbit". Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  8. ^ a b Jones, Andrew (27 October 2018). "Landspace fails to reach orbit with milestone private Chinese launch". Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  9. ^ Fernholz, Tim. "The SpaceX of China aims to commercialize a mysterious rocket on the world stage". Quartz (publication).
  10. ^ "Landspace fails to reach orbit with milestone private Chinese launch". SpaceNews. 27 October 2018.
  11. ^ a b "ZhuQue-1 (ZQ-1, LandSpace-1, LS-1)".
  12. ^ Clark, Stephen. "LandSpace falls short of orbit in private Chinese launch attempt – Spaceflight Now". Spaceflight Now.
  13. ^ "Commercial Chinese companies set sights on methalox rockets, first orbital launches -". 2018-07-10. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  14. ^ "LandSpace Unveils Highly Ambitious New Rocket - Via Satellite -". Via Satellite. 2018-07-18. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  15. ^ Advanced rocket engine ready for space mission May 2019
  16. ^ LandSpace Completes Hot Fire Test of Groundbreaking TQ-12 Methalox Engine May 2019
  17. ^ Advanced rocket engine ready for space mission, Space Daily, 2019-05-21
  18. ^ Jones, Andrew (5 June 2020). "Chinese private launch firms advance with methane engines, launch preparations and new funding". SpaceNews. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  19. ^ Doug Messier (20 December 2017). "EXPACE Raises $182 Million for Small Satellite Launchers". Parabolic Arc.

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