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LandSpace[1] (Chinese: 蓝箭[2]; pinyin: Lán Jiàn; literally: "Blue Arrow") or Landspace Technology Corporation[3] (Chinese: 蓝箭空间科技[4][5]; pinyin: Lán Jiàn Kōngjiān Kējì; literally: "Blue Arrow Space Technology") is a Chinese private space launch company[1] based in Beijing.[3] It was founded by Tsinghua University,[1] in 2015.[6] In January 2017, became the first private Chinese commercial spacelaunch company to sign a launch contract with a foreign customer,[1] when it formed a partnership with the Danish firm GOMSpace.[7]



Zhuque-1 (朱雀一號), also called LandSpace-1, is a 19-meter-tall, three-stage solid-propellant rocket. Its maiden flight is scheduled for the end of 2018, carrying a satellite for China Central Television.[8] Zhuque-1 has a takeoff mass of 27 metric tons and a thrust of 45 tons, and is able to carry 300 kg of payload into a 300 km low Earth orbit. The rocket is likely to launch from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site.[8]


LandSpace is also developing liquid-fuelled rockets, in addition to the solid-fuelled ones.[1] Zhuque-2 (ZQ-2) is a medium-sized rocket powered by liquid oxygen and methane capable of lifting 4,000 kg of payload into a 200km low Earth orbit, or 2,000 kg of payload into a 500km Sun-synchronous orbit.[9][10] The rocket is planned to be launched in 2020.[11]


LandSpace is one of several Chinese solid rocket startups in competition, others being OneSpace, LinkSpace, ExPace.[12]

LandSpace obtained the first private commercial launch contract for a foreign customer in January 2017,[1] to launch Danish firm GOMSpace's satellites on a LandSpace-1 rocket in 2018.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Jeffrey Lin; P.W. Singer; (23 January 2017). "A private Chinese space company just scored a foreign contract for the first time". Popular Science.
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b "Private firm inks intl contract for commercial rocket launch". China Daily. Xinhua. 16 January 2017.
  4. ^ "北京蓝箭空间科技有限公司(landspace)" (in Chinese). China Spaceflight. 30 September 2017.
  5. ^ Henri Kenhamn (2017). "LandSpace : le futur SpaceX chinois" (in French). East Pendulum.
  6. ^ Clay Dillow (28 March 2017). "China's secret plan to crush SpaceX and the US space program". CNBC.
  7. ^ a b Pan Yue (19 December 2017). "China's Commercial Space Launch Company ExPace Raises $180M Round". China Money Network.
  8. ^ a b Jones, Andrew (2 August 2018). "Landspace of China to Launch First Rocket in Late 2018". SpaceNews. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  9. ^ "Commercial Chinese companies set sights on methalox rockets, first orbital launches -". 2018-07-10. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  10. ^ "LandSpace Unveils Highly Ambitious New Rocket - Via Satellite -". Via Satellite. 2018-07-18. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  11. ^ Sputnik. "Chinese Space Company Planning Launch of Largest Privately Owned Liquid Rocket". Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  12. ^ Doug Messier (20 December 2017). "EXPACE Raises $182 Million for Small Satellite Launchers". Parabolic Arc.

External links[edit]