Land Titles Building – Victoria Armoury

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Land Titles Building – Victoria Armoury
General information
Type Drill Hall / armoury
Location two city lots Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Address 10523 100 Avenue,
Current tenants Edmonton chapter of the Elizabeth Fry Society,
Inaugurated 1893
Owner Provincial Historic Resource since 1977
Technical details
Structural system one and one-half storey building of brick covered in stucco
Design and construction
Architect Thomas Fuller, Chief Architect of the Dominion
Awards and prizes Canada's Register of Historic Places[1]

The Land Titles Building was a federal government office built in Edmonton in 1893. It later became the Victoria Armoury, and was used by three Edmonton regiments. It is "likely the oldest existing Land Titles Office in Alberta, one of the oldest extant buildings in the province, and certainly the first purpose-built registry office".[2]

Located at what is now 10523 100 Avenue, the building was constructed as a larger replacement to the much smaller first Dominion Lands Office in Edmonton (which is now represented at Fort Edmonton Park). It housed the "Crown Land, Timber and Registry Office for the District of Alberta in the North-West Territories". This was the place that settlers registered their claims (land title) to free lands under the Dominion Lands Act.[2]

The design of the building is based on a basic plan drawn up by Thomas Fuller, Chief Architect of the Dominion, but is similar to the design of a typical Hudson's Bay Company warehouse. The original design is a bisymmetrical fenestration pattern, which includes a jerkinshead roof with narrow, hipped dormers. Two additions have been made to the building over its lifetime.[2]

At one point federal government attempted to move its offices across the river to the rival settlement of Strathcona, but an angry mob sabotaged the effort and there was an armed standoff with the North-West Mounted Police.[2]

In 1912 the Land Titles office moved out of the building and it became an armoury. It was then home to several different Edmonton regiments, in succession, over the next half-century: the 19th Alberta Dragoons (1915–39), Edmonton Fusiliers (1940–46), and the 19th Alberta Armoured Car Regiment (1947–48). Subsequently the building became the offices and laboratories of the Provincial Government Department of Health.[2]

The building has been a Provincial Historic Resource since 1977.[2] Since 1995, the building has the home of the Edmonton chapter of the Elizabeth Fry Society, a women's charity, which moved there from former offices in the McLeod Building.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2016-06-16.  Canada's Register of Historic Places
  2. ^ a b c d e f Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch. "LAND TITLES BUILDING - VICTORIA ARMOURIES". Alberta Register of Historic Places. Edmonton, AB: Heritage Management Resources Information System (HeRMIS). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  3. ^ Elizabeth Fry Society of Edmonton. "History". Edmonton, AB. Retrieved December 9, 2009. 

See also[edit]

List of Armouries in Canada Coordinates: 53°32′19″N 113°30′09″W / 53.5386°N 113.5024°W / 53.5386; -113.5024