List of countries and territories by land borders

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Countries without a land border

This is a list of countries and territories by land borders.[1] The number of unique land borders of each country or territory is indicated as well the names of its neighboring countries and territories. The length of each land border is included, as is the total length of each country's and territory's land borders.

Countries or territories that are connected only by bridges or other man-made causeways are not considered to have land borders. However, borders along lakes, rivers, and other internal waters are considered land borders for the purposes of this article. Footnotes are included to provide clarity regarding the status of certain countries and territories.

Land borders[edit]

Country or territory
(Territories without full sovereignty in italics) [2]
Total length of land borders No. of unique land borders No. of unique land neighbours
Land border neighbours
and border length
(Territories without full sovereignty in italics) [2]
(#) = No. of unique land boundaries with that country or territory
km[3] mi
 Adélie Land[4][5] (France) 0 0 2 1
 Afghanistan 5,529 3,436 6 (7) 6 (7)
Includes:
 People's Republic of China: 76 km (47 mi)
 Iran: 936 km (582 mi)
 Pakistan: 2,430 km (1,510 mi)
 Tajikistan: 1,206 km (749 mi)
 Turkmenistan: 744 km (462 mi)
 Uzbekistan: 137 km (85 mi)
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia[6] (United Kingdom) 152 94 6[7] 1
Includes:
 Cyprus (5):[7]
 Åland Islands (Finland) 0.5 0.31 2 1
 Albania 720 450 4 4
Includes:
 Greece: 282 km (175 mi)
 Kosovo:[8] 112 km (70 mi)
 Macedonia: 151 km (94 mi)
 Montenegro: 172 km (107 mi)
 Algeria 6,343 3,941 7 7
Includes:
 Libya: 982 km (610 mi)
 Mali: 1,376 km (855 mi)
 Mauritania: 463 km (288 mi)
 Morocco: 1,559 km (969 mi)
 Niger: 956 km (594 mi)
 Tunisia: 965 km (600 mi)
Western Sahara:[9] 42 km (26 mi)
 American Samoa[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Amsterdam Island and Île Saint-Paul[5] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Andorra 120 75 2 2
Includes:
 France: 56.6 km (35.2 mi)
 Spain: 63.7 km (39.6 mi)
 Angola 5,198 3,230 5 4
Includes:
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (2): 2,511 km (1,560 mi)[11]
 Republic of the Congo: 201 km (125 mi)
 Namibia: 1,376 km (855 mi)
 Zambia: 1,110 km (690 mi)
 Anguilla[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Antártica Chilena Province[4] (Chile) 0 0 2 2
 Antigua and Barbuda 0 0 0 0
 Argentina 9,665 6,006 6 5
Includes:
 Bolivia: 832 km (517 mi)
 Brazil: 1,224 km (761 mi)
 Chile (2): 5,300 km (3,300 mi)[13]
 Paraguay: 1,880 km (1,170 mi)
 Uruguay: 579 km (360 mi)
 Armenia 1,254 779 5 4
Includes:
 Azerbaijan (6): 787 km (489 mi)[14]
 Georgia: 164 km (102 mi)
 Iran: 35 km (22 mi)
 Turkey: 268 km (167 mi)
 Aruba[15] (Netherlands) 0 0 0 0
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands[16] (Australia) 0 0 0 0
 Australia 0 0 0 0
 Australian Antarctic Territory[4] (Australia) 0 0 4 3
 Austria 2,562 1,592 9 8
Includes:
 Czech Republic: 362 km (225 mi)
 Germany: 784 km (487 mi)
 Hungary: 366 km (227 mi)
 Italy: 430 km (270 mi)
 Liechtenstein: 35 km (22 mi)
 Slovakia: 91 km (57 mi)
 Slovenia: 330 km (210 mi)
  Switzerland (2): 164 km (102 mi)
 Azerbaijan 2,013 1,251 7 5
Includes:
 Armenia (6): 787 km (489 mi)[14]
 Georgia: 322 km (200 mi)
 Iran (2):[17] 432 km (268 mi)
 Russia: 284 km (176 mi)
 Turkey:[18] 9 km (5.6 mi)
 Azores[19] (Portugal) 0 0 0 0
 Bahamas 0 0 0 0
 Bahrain 0 0 0 0
 Baker Island[10] and Howland Island[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Bangladesh 4,246 2,638 3 2
Includes:
 India (2), including Dahagram-Angarpota:[20] 4,053 km (2,518 mi)
 Myanmar: 193 km (120 mi)
 Barbados 0 0 0 0
 Bassas da India,  Europa Island, and  Juan de Nova Island[5][21] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Belarus 2,900 1,800 5 5
Includes:
 Latvia: 141 km (88 mi)
 Lithuania: 502 km (312 mi)
 Poland: 407 km (253 mi)
 Russia: 959 km (596 mi)
 Ukraine: 891 km (554 mi)
 Belgium 1,385 861 39 4
Includes:
 France: 620 km (390 mi)
 Germany (6):[22] 167 km (104 mi)
 Luxembourg: 148 km (92 mi)
 Netherlands (31):[23] 450 km (280 mi)
 Belize 516 321 2 2
Includes:
 Guatemala: 266 km (165 mi)
 Mexico: 250 km (160 mi)
 Benin 1,989 1,236 4 4
Includes:
 Burkina Faso: 306 km (190 mi)
 Niger: 266 km (165 mi)
 Nigeria: 773 km (480 mi)
 Togo: 644 km (400 mi)
 Bermuda[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Bhutan 1,075 668 2 2
Includes:
 People's Republic of China: 470 km (290 mi)
 India: 605 km (376 mi)
 Bolivia 6,743 4,190 5 5
Includes:
 Argentina: 832 km (517 mi)
 Brazil: 3,400 km (2,100 mi)
 Chile: 861 km (535 mi)
 Paraguay: 750 km (470 mi)
 Peru: 900 km (560 mi)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,459 907 5 3
Includes:
 Croatia (2): 932 km (579 mi)
 Montenegro: 225 km (140 mi)
 Serbia (2):[24] 302 km (188 mi)
 Botswana 4,015 2,495 4 4
Includes:
 Namibia: 1,360 km (850 mi)
 South Africa: 1,840 km (1,140 mi)
 Zambia: 0.15 km (0.093 mi)
 Zimbabwe: 813 km (505 mi)
 Bouvet Island[25] 0 0 0 0
 Brazil 14,691 9,129 10 10
Includes:
 Argentina: 1,224 km (761 mi)
 Bolivia: 3,400 km (2,100 mi)
 Colombia: 1,643 km (1,021 mi)
 French Guiana[26] (France): 673 km (418 mi)
 Guyana: 1,119 km (695 mi)
 Paraguay: 1,290 km (800 mi)
 Peru: 1,560 km (970 mi)
 Suriname: 597 km (371 mi)
 Uruguay: 985 km (612 mi)
 Venezuela: 2,200 km (1,400 mi)
 British Antarctic Territory[4] (United Kingdom) 0 0 3 3
 British Indian Ocean Territory[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 British Virgin Islands[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Brunei 381 237 2 1
Includes:
 Malaysia (2): 381 km (237 mi)
 Bulgaria 1,808 1,123 5 5
Includes:
 Greece: 494 km (307 mi)
 Macedonia: 148 km (92 mi)
 Romania: 608 km (378 mi)
 Serbia: 318 km (198 mi)
 Turkey: 240 km (150 mi)
 Burkina Faso 3,193 1,984 6 6
Includes:
 Benin: 306 km (190 mi)
 Côte d'Ivoire: 584 km (363 mi)
 Ghana: 549 km (341 mi)
 Mali: 1,000 km (620 mi)
 Niger: 628 km (390 mi)
 Togo: 126 km (78 mi)
 Burundi 974 605 3 3
Includes:
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 233 km (145 mi)
 Rwanda: 290 km (180 mi)
 Tanzania: 451 km (280 mi)
 Cambodia 2,572 1,598 3 3
Includes:
 Laos: 541 km (336 mi)
 Thailand: 803 km (499 mi)
 Vietnam: 1,228 km (763 mi)
 Cameroon 4,591 2,853 6 6
Includes:
 Central African Republic: 797 km (495 mi)
 Chad: 1,094 km (680 mi)
 Republic of the Congo: 523 km (325 mi)
 Equatorial Guinea: 189 km (117 mi)
 Gabon: 298 km (185 mi)
 Nigeria: 1,690 km (1,050 mi)
 Canada 8,893 5,526 4 1
Includes:
 United States (4): 8,893 km (5,526 mi)[27]
 Cape Verde 0 0 0 0
 Cayman Islands[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Central African Republic 5,213 3,239 6 6
Includes:
 Cameroon: 797 km (495 mi)
 Chad: 1,197 km (744 mi)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 1,577 km (980 mi)
 Republic of the Congo: 467 km (290 mi)
 South Sudan: 682 km (424 mi)
 Sudan: 483 km (300 mi)
 Chad 5,968 3,708 6 6
Includes:
 Cameroon: 1,094 km (680 mi)
 Central African Republic: 1,197 km (744 mi)
 Libya: 1,055 km (656 mi)
 Niger: 1,175 km (730 mi)
 Nigeria: 87 km (54 mi)
 Sudan: 1,360 km (850 mi)
 Chile 6,171 3,834 4 3
Includes:
 Argentina (2): 5,300 km (3,300 mi)[13]
 Bolivia: 861 km (535 mi)
 Peru: 160 km (99 mi)
 People's Republic of China[28] 22,147 13,762 19 16
Includes:
 Afghanistan: 76 km (47 mi)
 Bhutan: 470 km (290 mi)
 Hong Kong[29] (PR China): 30 km (19 mi)
 India (3): 3,380 km (2,100 mi)
 Kazakhstan: 1,533 km (953 mi)
 North Korea: 1,416 km (880 mi)
 Kyrgyzstan: 858 km (533 mi)
 Laos: 423 km (263 mi)
 Macau[30] (PR China): 0.34 km (0.21 mi)
 Mongolia: 4,677 km (2,906 mi)
 Myanmar: 2,185 km (1,358 mi)
   Nepal: 1,236 km (768 mi)
 Pakistan:[31] 523 km (325 mi)
 Russia (2): 3,645 km (2,265 mi)
 Tajikistan: 414 km (257 mi)
 Vietnam: 1,281 km (796 mi)
 Christmas Island[16] (Australia) 0 0 0 0
 Clipperton Island[32] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands[16] (Australia) 0 0 0 0
 Colombia 6,004 3,731 5 5
Includes:
 Brazil: 1,643 km (1,021 mi)
 Ecuador: 590 km (370 mi)
 Panama: 225 km (140 mi)
 Peru: 1,496 km (930 mi)
 Venezuela: 2,050 km (1,270 mi)
 Comoros 0 0 0 0
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 10,730 6,670 10 9
Includes:
 Angola (2): 2,511 km (1,560 mi)[11]
 Burundi: 233 km (145 mi)
 Central African Republic: 1,577 km (980 mi)
 Republic of the Congo: 2,410 km (1,500 mi)
 Rwanda: 217 km (135 mi)
 South Sudan: 628 km (390 mi)
 Tanzania: 459 km (285 mi)
 Uganda: 765 km (475 mi)
 Zambia: 1,930 km (1,200 mi)
 Republic of the Congo 5,504 3,420 5 5
Includes:
 Angola: 201 km (125 mi)
 Cameroon: 523 km (325 mi)
 Central African Republic: 467 km (290 mi)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 2,410 km (1,500 mi)
 Gabon: 1,903 km (1,182 mi)
 Cook Islands[33] 0 0 0 0
 Costa Rica 639 397 2 2
Includes:
 Nicaragua: 309 km (192 mi)
 Panama: 330 km (210 mi)
 Côte d'Ivoire 3,110 1,930 5 5
Includes:
 Burkina Faso: 584 km (363 mi)
 Ghana: 668 km (415 mi)
 Guinea: 610 km (380 mi)
 Liberia: 716 km (445 mi)
 Mali: 532 km (331 mi)
 Croatia 2,197 1,365 6 5
Includes:
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (2): 932 km (579 mi)
 Hungary: 329 km (204 mi)
 Montenegro: 25 km (16 mi)
 Serbia: 241 km (150 mi)
 Slovenia: 670 km (420 mi)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Crozet Islands[5] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Cuba 0 0[34] 0[34] 0[34]
 Curaçao[15] (Netherlands) 0 0 0 0
 Cyprus 152 94 6[7] 1
 Northern Cyprus[35] 0 0 2 2
 Czech Republic 1,881 1,169 4 4
Includes:
 Austria: 362 km (225 mi)
 Germany: 815 km (506 mi)[37]
 Poland: 658 km (409 mi)
 Slovakia: 215 km (134 mi)
 Denmark 68 42 1 1
Includes:
 Germany: 68 km (42 mi)
 Djibouti 516 321 3 3
Includes:
 Eritrea: 109 km (68 mi)
 Ethiopia: 349 km (217 mi)
 Somalia: 58 km (36 mi)
 Dominica 0 0 0 0
 Dominican Republic 360 220 1 1
Includes:
 Haiti: 360 km (220 mi)
 East Timor 228 142 2 1
Includes:
 Indonesia (2): 228 km (142 mi)
 Ecuador 2,010 1,250 2 2
Includes:
 Colombia: 590 km (370 mi)
 Peru: 1,420 km (880 mi)
 Egypt 2,665 1,656 4 4
Includes:
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories):[38] 11 km (6.8 mi)
 Israel: 266 km (165 mi)
 Libya: 1,115 km (693 mi)
 Sudan: 1,273 km (791 mi)
 El Salvador 545 339 2 2
Includes:
 Guatemala: 203 km (126 mi)
 Honduras: 342 km (213 mi)
 Equatorial Guinea 539 335 2 2
Includes:
 Cameroon: 189 km (117 mi)
 Gabon: 350 km (220 mi)
 Eritrea 1,626 1,010 3 3
Includes:
 Djibouti: 109 km (68 mi)
 Ethiopia: 912 km (567 mi)
 Sudan: 605 km (376 mi)
 Estonia 633 393 2 2
Includes:
 Latvia: 339 km (211 mi)
 Russia: 294 km (183 mi)
 Ethiopia 5,328 3,311 6 6
Includes:
 Djibouti: 349 km (217 mi)
 Eritrea: 912 km (567 mi)
 Kenya: 861 km (535 mi)
 Somalia: 1,600 km (990 mi)
 South Sudan: 883 km (549 mi)
 Sudan: 723 km (449 mi)
 European Union 13,180 8,190 26 20
Includes:
 Albania: 282 km (175 mi)
 Andorra: 120.3 km (74.8 mi)
 Belarus: 1,050 km (650 mi)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: 932 km (579 mi)
 Brazil:[39] 673 km (418 mi)
 Liechtenstein: 34.9 km (21.7 mi)
 Macedonia: 394 km (245 mi)
 Moldova: 450 km (280 mi)
 Monaco: 4.4 km (2.7 mi)
 Montenegro: 25 km (16 mi)
 Morocco (3): 16 km (9.9 mi)
 Norway: 2,348 km (1,459 mi)
 Russia (4): 2,257 km (1,402 mi)
 San Marino: 39 km (24 mi)
 Serbia: 1,186 km (737 mi)
 Suriname:[39] 510 km (320 mi)
  Switzerland: 1,811 km (1,125 mi)
 Turkey: 446 km (277 mi)
 Ukraine (2): 1,257 km (781 mi)
  Vatican City: 3.2 km (2.0 mi)
 Falkland Islands[6][40] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Faroe Islands[41] (Denmark) 0 0 0 0
 Fiji 0 0 0 0
 Finland 2,690 1,670 7 3
Includes:
 Norway: 736 km (457 mi)
 Sweden (4): 614 km (382 mi)
 Russia (2): 1,340 km (830 mi)
 France (excluding French overseas departments, collectivities, and territories) 2,889 1,795 10 8
Includes:
 Andorra: 56.6 km (35.2 mi)
 Belgium: 620 km (390 mi)
 Germany: 451 km (280 mi)
 Italy: 488 km (303 mi)
 Luxembourg: 73 km (45 mi)
 Monaco: 4.4 km (2.7 mi)
 Spain (3):[42] 623 km (387 mi)
  Switzerland: 573 km (356 mi)
 France (including French overseas departments, collectivities, and territories) 4,082 2,536 13 11
Includes:
 Andorra: 56.6 km (35.2 mi)
 Belgium: 620 km (390 mi)
 Brazil:[39] 673 km (418 mi)
 Germany: 451 km (280 mi)
 Italy: 488 km (303 mi)
 Luxembourg: 73 km (45 mi)
 Monaco: 4.4 km (2.7 mi)
 Sint Maarten[15][44] (Netherlands): 10.2 km (6.3 mi)
 Spain (3):[42] 623 km (387 mi)
 Suriname:[39] 510 km (320 mi)
  Switzerland: 573 km (356 mi)
 French Guiana[26] (France) 1,183 735 2 2
Includes:
 Brazil: 673 km (418 mi)
 Suriname: 510 km (320 mi)
 French Polynesia[45] (France) 0 0 0 0
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands[43][46] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Gabon 2,551 1,585 3 3
Includes:
 Cameroon: 298 km (185 mi)
 Republic of the Congo: 1,903 km (1,182 mi)
 Equatorial Guinea: 350 km (220 mi)
 The Gambia 740 460 1 1
Includes:
 Senegal: 740 km (460 mi)
 Gaza Strip (Palestine)[38] 62 39 2 2
Includes:
 Egypt: 11 km (6.8 mi)
 Israel: 51 km (32 mi)
 Georgia 1,461 908 4 4
Includes:
 Armenia: 164 km (102 mi)
 Azerbaijan: 322 km (200 mi)
 Russia: 723 km (449 mi)
 Turkey: 252 km (157 mi)
 Germany 3,621 2,250 15 9
Includes:
 Austria: 784 km (487 mi)
 Belgium (6):[22] 167 km (104 mi)
 Czech Republic: 815 km (506 mi)[37]
 Denmark: 68 km (42 mi)
 France: 451 km (280 mi)
 Luxembourg: 138 km (86 mi)
 Netherlands: 577 km (359 mi)
 Poland: 456 km (283 mi)
  Switzerland (2):[47] 334 km (208 mi)
 Ghana 2,094 1,301 3 3
Includes:
 Burkina Faso: 549 km (341 mi)
 Côte d'Ivoire: 668 km (415 mi)
 Togo: 877 km (545 mi)
 Gibraltar[6] (United Kingdom) 1.2 0.75 1 1
Includes:
 Spain: 1.2 km (0.75 mi)
 Glorioso Islands[5][48] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Greece 1,228 763 4 4
Includes:
 Albania: 282 km (175 mi)
 Bulgaria: 494 km (307 mi)
 Turkey: 206 km (128 mi)
 Macedonia: 246 km (153 mi)
 Greenland[41] (Denmark) 0 0 0 0
 Grenada 0 0 0 0
 Guadeloupe[26] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Guam[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Guatemala 1,687 1,048 4 4
Includes:
 Belize: 266 km (165 mi)
 El Salvador: 203 km (126 mi)
 Honduras: 256 km (159 mi)
 Mexico: 962 km (598 mi)
 Guernsey[49] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Guinea 3,399 2,112 6 6
Includes:
 Côte d'Ivoire: 610 km (380 mi)
 Guinea-Bissau: 386 km (240 mi)
 Liberia: 563 km (350 mi)
 Mali: 858 km (533 mi)
 Senegal: 330 km (210 mi)
 Sierra Leone: 652 km (405 mi)
 Guinea-Bissau 724 450 2 2
Includes:
 Guinea: 386 km (240 mi)
 Senegal: 338 km (210 mi)
 Guyana 2,462 1,530 3 3
Includes:
 Brazil: 1,119 km (695 mi)
 Suriname: 600 km (370 mi)
 Venezuela: 743 km (462 mi)
 Haiti 360 220 1 1
Includes:
 Dominican Republic: 360 km (220 mi)
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands[16] (Australia) 0 0 0 0
 Honduras 1,520 940 3 3
Includes:
 Guatemala: 256 km (159 mi)
 El Salvador: 342 km (213 mi)
 Nicaragua: 922 km (573 mi)
 Hong Kong[29] (People's Republic of China) 30 19 1 1
Includes:
 People's Republic of China: 30 km (19 mi)
 Howland Island[10] and Baker Island[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Hungary 2,171 1,349 7 7
Includes:
 Austria: 366 km (227 mi)
 Croatia: 329 km (204 mi)
 Romania: 443 km (275 mi)
 Serbia: 151 km (94 mi)
 Slovakia: 677 km (421 mi)
 Slovenia: 102 km (63 mi)
 Ukraine: 103 km (64 mi)
 Iceland 0 0 0 0
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Île Saint-Paul and Amsterdam Island[5] (France) 0 0 0 0
 India 14,103 8,763 10 (9) 6
Includes:
 Bangladesh (2), including Dahagram-Angarpota:[20] 4,053 km (2,518 mi)
 Bhutan: 605 km (376 mi)
 People's Republic of China (3):[31] 3,380 km (2,100 mi)
 Myanmar: 1,463 km (909 mi)
   Nepal: 1,690 km (1,050 mi)
 Pakistan : 2,912 km (1,809 mi)
 Indonesia 2,830 1,760 4 3
Includes:
 East Timor (2): 228 km (142 mi)
 Malaysia: 1,782 km (1,107 mi)
 Papua New Guinea: 820 km (510 mi)
 Iran 5,440 3,380 8 7
Includes:
 Afghanistan: 936 km (582 mi)
 Armenia: 35 km (22 mi)
 Azerbaijan (2):[17] 432 km (268 mi)
 Iraq: 1,458 km (906 mi)
 Pakistan: 909 km (565 mi)
 Turkey: 499 km (310 mi)
 Turkmenistan: 992 km (616 mi)
 Iraq 3,650 2,270 6 6
Includes:
 Iran: 1,458 km (906 mi)
 Jordan: 181 km (112 mi)
 Kuwait: 240 km (150 mi)
 Saudi Arabia: 814 km (506 mi)
 Syria: 605 km (376 mi)
 Turkey: 352 km (219 mi)
 Ireland 499 310 1 1
Includes:
 United Kingdom: 499 km (310 mi)
 Isle of Man[49] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Israel 1,017 632 6[50] 5[51]
Includes:
 Egypt: 266 km (165 mi)
 Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories):[38] 51 km (32 mi)
 Jordan: 238 km (148 mi)
 Lebanon: 79 km (49 mi)
 Syria: 76 km (47 mi)
 West Bank (Palestinian territories):[38] 307 km (191 mi)
 Italy 1,932 1,200 7 6
Includes:
 Austria: 430 km (270 mi)
 France: 488 km (303 mi)
 San Marino: 39 km (24 mi)
 Slovenia: 232 km (144 mi)
  Switzerland (2):[52] 740 km (460 mi)
  Vatican City: 3.2 km (2.0 mi)
 Jamaica 0 0 0 0
 Japan 0 0 0 0
 Jarvis Island[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Jersey[49] 0 0 0 0
 Johnston Atoll[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Jordan 1,635 1,016 5 5
Includes:
 Iraq: 181 km (112 mi)
 Israel: 238 km (148 mi)
 Saudi Arabia: 744 km (462 mi)
 Syria: 375 km (233 mi)
 West Bank (Palestinian territories):[38] 97 km (60 mi)
 Juan de Nova Island,  Bassas da India, and  Europa Island[5][21] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Kazakhstan 12,012 7,464 5 5
Includes:
 People's Republic of China: 1,533 km (953 mi)
 Kyrgyzstan: 1,051 km (653 mi)
 Russia: 6,846 km (4,254 mi)
 Turkmenistan: 379 km (235 mi)
 Uzbekistan: 2,203 km (1,369 mi)
 Kenya 3,477 2,161 5 5
Includes:
 Ethiopia: 861 km (535 mi)
 Somalia: 682 km (424 mi)
 South Sudan: 232 km (144 mi)
 Tanzania: 769 km (478 mi)
 Uganda: 933 km (580 mi)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Kerguelen Islands[5] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Kingman Reef[10] and Palmyra Atoll[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Kiribati 0 0 0 0
 North Korea 1,673 1,040 3 3
Includes:
 People's Republic of China: 1,416 km (880 mi)
 South Korea: 238 km (148 mi)
 Russia: 19 km (12 mi)
 South Korea 238 148 1 1
Includes:
 North Korea: 238 km (148 mi)
 Kosovo[8] 701 436 4 4
Includes:
 Albania: 112 km (70 mi)
 Macedonia: 159 km (99 mi)
 Montenegro: 79 km (49 mi)
 Serbia: 352 km (219 mi)
 Kuwait 462 287 2 2
Includes:
 Iraq: 240 km (150 mi)
 Saudi Arabia: 222 km (138 mi)
 Kyrgyzstan 3,878 2,410 4 4
Includes:
 People's Republic of China: 858 km (533 mi)
 Kazakhstan: 1,051 km (653 mi)
 Tajikistan (3):[53] 870 km (540 mi)
 Uzbekistan (6):[54] 1,099 km (683 mi)
 Laos 5,083 3,158 5 5
Includes:
 Cambodia: 541 km (336 mi)
 People's Republic of China: 423 km (263 mi)
 Myanmar: 235 km (146 mi)
 Thailand: 1,754 km (1,090 mi)
 Vietnam: 2,130 km (1,320 mi)
 Latvia 1,150 710 4 4
Includes:
 Belarus: 141 km (88 mi)
 Estonia: 339 km (211 mi)
 Lithuania: 453 km (281 mi)
 Russia: 217 km (135 mi)
 Lebanon 454 282 2 2
Includes:
 Israel: 79 km (49 mi)
 Syria: 375 km (233 mi)
 Lesotho 909 565 1 1
Includes:
 South Africa: 909 km (565 mi)
 Liberia 1,585 985 3 3
Includes:
 Guinea: 563 km (350 mi)
 Côte d'Ivoire: 716 km (445 mi)
 Sierra Leone: 306 km (190 mi)
 Libya 4,348 2,702 6 6
Includes:
 Algeria: 982 km (610 mi)
 Chad: 1,055 km (656 mi)
 Egypt: 1,115 km (693 mi)
 Niger: 354 km (220 mi)
 Sudan: 383 km (238 mi)
 Tunisia: 459 km (285 mi)
 Liechtenstein 76 47 2 2
Includes:
 Austria: 34.9 km (21.7 mi)
  Switzerland: 41.1 km (25.5 mi)
 Lithuania 1,273 791 4 4
Includes:
 Belarus: 502 km (312 mi)
 Latvia: 453 km (281 mi)
 Poland: 91 km (57 mi)
 Russia:[55] 227 km (141 mi)
 Luxembourg 359 223 3 3
Includes:
 Belgium: 148 km (92 mi)
 France: 73 km (45 mi)
 Germany: 138 km (86 mi)
 Macau[30] (People's Republic of China) 0.34 0.21 1 1
Includes:
 People's Republic of China: 0.34 km (0.21 mi)
 Macedonia 766 476 5 5
Includes:
 Albania: 151 km (94 mi)
 Bulgaria: 148 km (92 mi)
 Greece: 246 km (153 mi)
 Kosovo:[8] 159 km (99 mi)
 Serbia: 62 km (39 mi)
Australia Macquarie Island[16] (Australia) 0 0 0 0
 Madagascar 0 0 0 0
 Madeira[19] (Portugal) 0 0 0 0
 Malawi 2,881 1,790 3 3
Includes:
 Mozambique: 1,569 km (975 mi)
 Tanzania: 475 km (295 mi)
 Zambia: 837 km (520 mi)
 Malaysia 3,147 1,955 4 3
Includes:
 Brunei (2): 381 km (237 mi)
 Indonesia: 1,782 km (1,107 mi)
 Thailand: 506 km (314 mi)
 Maldives 0 0 0 0
 Mali 7,243 4,501 7 7
Includes:
 Algeria: 1,376 km (855 mi)
 Burkina Faso: 1,000 km (620 mi)
 Côte d'Ivoire: 532 km (331 mi)
 Guinea: 858 km (533 mi)
 Mauritania: 2,237 km (1,390 mi)
 Niger: 821 km (510 mi)
 Senegal: 419 km (260 mi)
 Malta 0 0 0 0
 Marshall Islands 0 0 0 0
 Martinique[26] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Mauritania 5,074 3,153 4 4
Includes:
 Algeria: 463 km (288 mi)
 Mali: 2,237 km (1,390 mi)
 Senegal: 813 km (505 mi)
Western Sahara:[9] 1,561 km (970 mi)
 Mauritius 0 0 0 0
 Mayotte[45] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Mexico 4,353 2,705 3 3
Includes:
 Belize: 250 km (160 mi)
 Guatemala: 962 km (598 mi)
 United States: 3,141 km (1,952 mi)
 Federated States of Micronesia 0 0 0 0
 Midway Atoll[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Moldova 1,389 863 2 2
Includes:
 Romania: 450 km (280 mi)
 Ukraine: 939 km (583 mi)
 Monaco 4.4 2.7 1 1
Includes:
 France: 4.4 km (2.7 mi)
 Mongolia 8,220 5,110 2 2
Includes:
 People's Republic of China: 4,677 km (2,906 mi)
 Russia: 3,485 km (2,165 mi)
 Montenegro 625 388 5 5
Includes:
 Albania: 172 km (107 mi)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: 225 km (140 mi)
 Croatia: 25 km (16 mi)
 Kosovo:[8] 79 km (49 mi)
 Serbia: 124 km (77 mi)
 Montserrat[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Morocco 2,018 1,254 5 3
Includes:
 Algeria: 1,559 km (969 mi)
Western Sahara:[9] 443 km (275 mi)
 Spain (3): 17 km (11 mi)[56]
 Mozambique 4,571 2,840 6 6
Includes:
 Malawi: 1,569 km (975 mi)
 South Africa (2): 491 km (305 mi)
 Swaziland: 105 km (65 mi)
 Tanzania: 756 km (470 mi)
 Zambia: 419 km (260 mi)
 Zimbabwe: 1,231 km (765 mi)
 Myanmar 5,876 3,651 5 5
Includes:
 Bangladesh: 193 km (120 mi)
 People's Republic of China: 2,185 km (1,358 mi)
 India: 1,463 km (909 mi)
 Laos: 235 km (146 mi)
 Thailand: 1,800 km (1,100 mi)
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic[57] 0 0 3 3
Includes:
 Namibia 3,936 2,446 4 4
Includes:
 Angola: 1,376 km (855 mi)
 Botswana: 1,360 km (850 mi)
 South Africa: 967 km (601 mi)
 Zambia: 233 km (145 mi)
 Nauru 0 0 0 0
 Navassa Island[10][58] (United States) 0 0 0 0
   Nepal 2,926 1,818 2 2
Includes:
 People's Republic of China: 1,236 km (768 mi)
 India: 1,690 km (1,050 mi)
 Netherlands[59] 1,027 638 32 2
Includes:
 Belgium (31):[23] 450 km (280 mi)
 Germany: 577 km (359 mi)
 Netherlands, Kingdom of the
→includes:
1,037 644 33 3
Includes:
 Belgium (31): 450 km (280 mi)
 Germany: 577 km (359 mi)
 Saint Martin[45] (France): 10.2 km (6.3 mi)
 New Caledonia[60] (France) 0 0 0 0
 New Zealand 0 0 0 0
 Nicaragua 1,231 765 2 2
Includes:
 Costa Rica: 309 km (192 mi)
 Honduras: 922 km (573 mi)
 Niger 5,697 3,540 7 7
Includes:
 Algeria: 956 km (594 mi)
 Benin: 266 km (165 mi)
 Burkina Faso: 628 km (390 mi)
 Chad: 1,175 km (730 mi)
 Libya: 354 km (220 mi)
 Mali: 821 km (510 mi)
 Nigeria: 1,497 km (930 mi)
 Nigeria 4,047 2,515 4 4
Includes:
 Benin: 773 km (480 mi)
 Cameroon: 1,690 km (1,050 mi)
 Chad: 87 km (54 mi)
 Niger: 1,497 km (930 mi)
 Niue[61] 0 0 0 0
 Norfolk Island[16] (Australia) 0 0 0 0
 Northern Mariana Islands[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Norway 2,551 1,585 3 3
Includes:
 Finland: 736 km (457 mi)
 Sweden: 1,619 km (1,006 mi)
 Russia: 196 km (122 mi)
 Oman 1,374 854 6 3
Includes:
 Saudi Arabia: 676 km (420 mi)
 United Arab Emirates (4): 410 km (250 mi)
 Yemen: 288 km (179 mi)
 Pakistan 6,774 4,209 4 (3) 4 (3)
Includes:
 Afghanistan: 2,430 km (1,510 mi)
 People's Republic of China:[31] 523 km (325 mi)
 India: 2,912 km (1,809 mi)
 Iran: 909 km (565 mi)
 Palau 0 0 0 0
 Palestine[38] 466 290 4 3
Includes:
 Egypt: 11 km (6.8 mi)
 Israel (2): 358 km (222 mi)[62]
 Jordan: 97 km (60 mi)
United States Palmyra Atoll[10] and Kingman Reef[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Panama 555 345 2 2
Includes:
 Colombia: 225 km (140 mi)
 Costa Rica: 330 km (210 mi)
 Papua New Guinea 820 510 1 1
Includes:
 Indonesia: 820 km (510 mi)
 Paraguay 3,920 2,440 3 3
Includes:
 Argentina: 1,880 km (1,170 mi)
 Bolivia: 750 km (470 mi)
 Brazil: 1,290 km (800 mi)
 Peru 5,536 3,440 5 5
Includes:
 Bolivia: 900 km (560 mi)
 Brazil: 1,560 km (970 mi)
 Chile: 160 km (99 mi)
 Colombia: 1,496 km (930 mi)
 Ecuador: 1,420 km (880 mi)
 Peter I Island[4] 0 0 0 0
 Philippines 0 0 0 0
 Pitcairn Islands[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Poland 2,788 1,732 7 7
Includes:
 Belarus: 407 km (253 mi)
 Czech Republic: 658 km (409 mi)
 Germany: 456 km (283 mi)
 Lithuania: 91 km (57 mi)
 Russia:[55] 206 km (128 mi)
 Slovakia: 444 km (276 mi)
 Ukraine: 526 km (327 mi)
 Portugal 1,214 754 1 1
Includes:
 Spain: 1,214 km (754 mi)
 Puerto Rico[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Qatar 60 37 1 (2) 1 (2)
Includes:
 Saudi Arabia: 60 km (37 mi)
 Queen Maud Land[4] (Norway) 0 0 2 2
 Réunion[26] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Romania 2,508 1,558 6 5
Includes:
 Bulgaria: 608 km (378 mi)
 Hungary: 443 km (275 mi)
 Moldova: 450 km (280 mi)
 Serbia: 476 km (296 mi)
 Ukraine (2): 531 km (330 mi)[63]
 Ross Dependency[4] (New Zealand) 0 0 1 1
 Russia 20,017 12,438 16 14
Includes:
 Azerbaijan: 284 km (176 mi)
 Belarus: 959 km (596 mi)
 People's Republic of China (2): 3,645 km (2,265 mi)
 Estonia: 294 km (183 mi)
 Finland (2): 1,340 km (830 mi)
 Georgia: 723 km (449 mi)
 Kazakhstan: 6,846 km (4,254 mi)
 North Korea: 19 km (12 mi)
 Latvia: 217 km (135 mi)
 Lithuania:[55] 227 km (141 mi)
 Mongolia: 3,485 km (2,165 mi)
 Norway: 196 km (122 mi)
 Poland:[55] 206 km (128 mi)
 Ukraine: 1,576 km (979 mi)
 Rwanda 893 555 4 4
Includes:
 Burundi: 290 km (180 mi)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 217 km (135 mi)
 Tanzania: 217 km (135 mi)
 Uganda: 169 km (105 mi)
 Saint Barthélemy[45] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0 0 0
 Saint Lucia 0 0 0 0
 Saint Martin[45] 10.2 6.3 1 1
Includes:
 Sint Maarten[15] (Netherlands): 10.2 km (6.3 mi)
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon[45] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 0 0 0
 Samoa 0 0 0 0
 San Marino 39 24 1 1
Includes:
 Italy: 39 km (24 mi)
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0 0 0 0
 Saudi Arabia 4,431 2,753 7 7
Includes:
 Iraq: 814 km (506 mi)
 Jordan: 744 km (462 mi)
 Kuwait: 222 km (138 mi)
 Oman: 676 km (420 mi)
 Qatar: 60 km (37 mi)
 United Arab Emirates: 457 km (284 mi)
 Yemen: 1,458 km (906 mi)
 Senegal 2,640 1,640 5 5
Includes:
 The Gambia: 740 km (460 mi)
 Guinea: 330 km (210 mi)
 Guinea-Bissau: 338 km (210 mi)
 Mali: 419 km (260 mi)
 Mauritania: 813 km (505 mi)
 Serbia 2,027 1,260 8 8
Includes:
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (2):[24] 302 km (188 mi)
 Bulgaria: 318 km (198 mi)
 Croatia: 241 km (150 mi)
 Hungary: 151 km (94 mi)
 Kosovo:[8] 352 km (219 mi)
 Macedonia: 62 km (39 mi)
 Montenegro: 124 km (77 mi)
 Romania: 476 km (296 mi)
 Seychelles 0 0 0 0
 Sierra Leone 958 595 2 2
Includes:
 Guinea: 652 km (405 mi)
 Liberia: 306 km (190 mi)
 Singapore 0 0[64] 0[64] 0[64]
 Sint Maarten[15] (Netherlands) 10.2 6.3 1 1
Includes:
 Saint Martin[45] (France): 10.2 km (6.3 mi)
 Slovakia 1,524 947 5 5
Includes:
 Austria: 91 km (57 mi)
 Czech Republic: 215 km (134 mi)
 Hungary: 677 km (421 mi)
 Poland: 444 km (276 mi)
 Ukraine: 97 km (60 mi)
 Slovenia 1,334 829 4 4
Includes:
 Austria: 330 km (210 mi)
 Croatia: 670 km (420 mi)
 Italy: 232 km (144 mi)
 Hungary: 102 km (63 mi)
 Solomon Islands 0 0 0 0
 Somalia 2,340 1,450 3 3
Includes:
 Djibouti: 58 km (36 mi)
 Ethiopia: 1,600 km (990 mi)
 Kenya: 682 km (424 mi)
 Somaliland[65] 0 0 3 3
Includes:
 Djibouti: 58 km (36 mi)
 Ethiopia
 Somalia
 South Africa 4,862 3,021 6 6
Includes:
 Botswana: 1,840 km (1,140 mi)
 Lesotho: 909 km (565 mi)
 Mozambique (2): 491 km (305 mi)
 Namibia: 967 km (601 mi)
 Swaziland: 430 km (270 mi)
 Zimbabwe: 225 km (140 mi)
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 South Sudan 4,797 2,981 6 6
Includes:
 Central African Republic: 682 km (424 mi)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 628 km (390 mi)
 Ethiopia: 883 km (549 mi)
 Kenya: 232 km (144 mi)
 Sudan: 1,937 km (1,204 mi)
 Uganda: 435 km (270 mi)
 Spain 1,918 1,192 9 5
Includes:
 Andorra: 63.7 km (39.6 mi)
 France (3):[42] 623 km (387 mi)
 Gibraltar: 1.2 km (0.75 mi)
 Portugal: 1,214 km (754 mi)
 Morocco (3): 17 km (11 mi)[56]
 Sri Lanka 0 0 0 0
 Sudan 6,764 4,203 7 7
Includes:
 Central African Republic: 483 km (300 mi)
 Chad: 1,360 km (850 mi)
 Egypt: 1,273 km (791 mi)
 Eritrea: 605 km (376 mi)
 Ethiopia: 723 km (449 mi)
 Libya: 383 km (238 mi)
 South Sudan: 1,937 km (1,204 mi)
 Suriname 1,707 1,061 2 2
Includes:
 Brazil: 597 km (371 mi)
 French Guiana[26] (France): 510 km (320 mi)
 Guyana: 600 km (370 mi)
 Svalbard[66] (Norway) 0 0 0 0
 Swaziland 535 332 2 2
Includes:
 Mozambique: 105 km (65 mi)
 South Africa: 430 km (270 mi)
 Sweden 2,233 1,388 5 2
Includes:
 Finland (4): 614 km (382 mi) (including 0.5 km and 2 border segments with Åland Islands)
 Norway: 1,619 km (1,006 mi)
  Switzerland 1,852 1,151 8 5
Includes:
 Austria (2): 164 km (102 mi)
 France: 573 km (356 mi)
 Italy (2):[52] 740 km (460 mi)
 Liechtenstein: 41 km (25 mi)
 Germany (2):[47] 334 km (208 mi)
 Syria 2,253 1,400 6 5
Includes:
 Iraq: 605 km (376 mi)
 Israel: 76 km (47 mi)
 Jordan: 375 km (233 mi)
 Lebanon: 375 km (233 mi)
 Turkey (2): 822 km (511 mi)
 Taiwan[67] 0 0 0 0
 Tajikistan 3,651 2,269 4 4
Includes:
 Afghanistan: 1,206 km (749 mi)
 People's Republic of China: 414 km (257 mi)
 Kyrgyzstan (3):[53] 870 km (540 mi)
 Uzbekistan (2):[68] 1,161 km (721 mi)
 Tanzania 3,861 2,399 8 8
Includes:
 Burundi: 451 km (280 mi)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 459 km (285 mi)
 Kenya: 769 km (478 mi)
 Malawi: 475 km (295 mi)
 Mozambique: 756 km (470 mi)
 Rwanda: 217 km (135 mi)
 Uganda: 396 km (246 mi)
 Zambia: 338 km (210 mi)
 Thailand 4,863 3,022 4 4
Includes:
 Cambodia: 803 km (499 mi)
 Laos: 1,754 km (1,090 mi)
 Malaysia: 506 km (314 mi)
 Myanmar: 1,800 km (1,100 mi)
 Togo 1,647 1,023 3 3
Includes:
 Benin: 644 km (400 mi)
 Burkina Faso: 126 km (78 mi)
 Ghana: 877 km (545 mi)
 Tokelau[69] (New Zealand) 0 0 0 0
 Tonga 0 0 0 0
 Transnistria[70] 0 0 2 2
Includes:
 Tromelin Island[5][71] (France) 0 0 0 0
 Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0
 Tunisia 1,424 885 2 2
Includes:
 Algeria: 965 km (600 mi)
 Libya: 459 km (285 mi)
 Turkey 2,648 1,645 9 8
Includes:
 Armenia: 268 km (167 mi)
 Azerbaijan:[18] 9 km (5.6 mi)
 Bulgaria: 240 km (150 mi)
 Georgia: 252 km (157 mi)
 Greece: 206 km (128 mi)
 Iran: 499 km (310 mi)
 Iraq: 352 km (219 mi)
 Syria (2): 822 km (511 mi)
 Turkmenistan 3,736 2,321 4 4
Includes:
 Afghanistan: 744 km (462 mi)
 Iran: 992 km (616 mi)
 Kazakhstan: 379 km (235 mi)
 Uzbekistan: 1,621 km (1,007 mi)
 Turks and Caicos Islands[6] (United Kingdom) 0 0 0 0
 Tuvalu 0 0 0 0
 Uganda 2,698 1,676 5 5
Includes:
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 765 km (475 mi)
 Kenya: 933 km (580 mi)
 Rwanda: 169 km (105 mi)
 South Sudan: 435 km (270 mi)
 Tanzania: 396 km (246 mi)
 Ukraine 4,663 2,897 8 7
Includes:
 Belarus: 891 km (554 mi)
 Hungary: 103 km (64 mi)
 Moldova: 939 km (583 mi)
 Poland: 526 km (327 mi)
 Romania (2): 531 km (330 mi)[63]
 Russia: 1,576 km (979 mi)
 Slovakia: 97 km (60 mi)
 United Arab Emirates 867 539 5 (6) 2 (3)
Includes:
 Oman (4): 410 km (250 mi)
 Saudi Arabia: 457 km (284 mi)
 United Kingdom[72] 499 310 1 1
Includes:
 Ireland: 499 km (310 mi)
 United Kingdom (plus British overseas territories and Crown dependencies) 513 319 7 3
Includes:
 Cyprus (5):[7] 152 km (94 mi)
 Ireland: 360 km (220 mi)
 Spain: 1.2 km (0.75 mi)
 United States 12,034 7,478 5 2
Includes:
 Canada (4): 8,893 km (5,526 mi)[27]
 Mexico: 3,141 km (1,952 mi)
 United States Virgin Islands[10] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Uruguay 1,564 972 2 2
Includes:
 Argentina: 579 km (360 mi)
 Brazil: 985 km (612 mi)
 Uzbekistan 6,221 3,866 5 5
Includes:
 Afghanistan: 137 km (85 mi)
 Kazakhstan: 2,203 km (1,369 mi)
 Kyrgyzstan (6):[54] 1,099 km (683 mi)
 Tajikistan (2):[68] 1,161 km (721 mi)
 Turkmenistan: 1,621 km (1,007 mi)
 Vanuatu 0 0 0 0
  Vatican City 3.2 2.0 1 1
Includes:
 Italy: 3.2 km (2.0 mi)
 Venezuela 4,993 3,103 3 3
Includes:
 Brazil: 2,200 km (1,400 mi)
 Colombia: 2,050 km (1,270 mi)
 Guyana: 743 km (462 mi)
 Vietnam 4,639 2,883 3 3
Includes:
 Cambodia: 1,228 km (763 mi)
 People's Republic of China: 1,281 km (796 mi)
 Laos: 2,130 km (1,320 mi)
 Wake Island[73] (United States) 0 0 0 0
 Wallis and Futuna[45] (France) 0 0 0 0
 West Bank (Palestine)[38] 404 251 2 2
Includes:
 Israel: 307 km (191 mi)
 Jordan: 97 km (60 mi)
 Western Sahara[9] 2,046 1,271 3 3
Includes:
 Algeria: 42 km (26 mi)
 Mauritania: 1,561 km (970 mi)
 Morocco: 443 km (275 mi)
 Yemen 1,746 1,085 2 2
Includes:
 Oman: 288 km (179 mi)
 Saudi Arabia: 1,458 km (906 mi)
 Zambia 5,667 3,521 8 8
Includes:
 Angola: 1,110 km (690 mi)
 Botswana: 0.15 km (0.093 mi)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 1,930 km (1,200 mi)
 Malawi: 837 km (520 mi)
 Mozambique: 419 km (260 mi)
 Namibia: 233 km (145 mi)
 Tanzania: 338 km (210 mi)
 Zimbabwe: 797 km (495 mi)
 Zimbabwe 3,066 1,905 4 4
Includes:
 Botswana: 813 km (505 mi)
 Mozambique: 1,231 km (765 mi)
 South Africa: 225 km (140 mi)
 Zambia: 797 km (495 mi)

Superlatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CIA World Factbook". April 15, 2007. Archived from the original on April 8, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b The concept of state sovereignty is somewhat imprecise and there are disagreements about whether certain territories are sovereign. There are currently 195 states that are generally regarded as "fully" sovereign: this includes the 193 member states of the United Nations plus Vatican City and Palestine. Some of these states have under their jurisdiction territories, dependencies, or collectivities that are clearly non-sovereign geographical areas. These territories are generally regarded as being subsumed within the overarching sovereignty of the governing state. For example, the United Kingdom holds sovereignty over the territory of Gibraltar, even though Gibraltar is not considered to be part of the United Kingdom. There are a few territories in the world that are neither clearly sovereign nor clearly subsumed under another state's sovereignty. Often, these territories have declared themselves to be sovereign, but they are either not widely recognized as such or lack some of the necessary conditions for sovereign statehood. In these cases, explanatory footnotes indicate how the territory is treated for the purposes of this list.
  3. ^ Note: land border lengths will vary depending on the scale by which they are measured, and therefore these figures without a source accompanied by an explanation of how they were measured and at what scale makes comparisons impossible; for more information see coastline paradox.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s This is a territorial claim in Antarctica. Territorial claims in Antarctica have been recognized only between the few countries making claims in the area. Because some of the claims overlap and there is a low number of recognition for these claims, Antarctic territorial claims are not included in this chart when listing countries' neighbouring countries and territories. The specific Antarctic claims are included in this chart, but only in reference to each other.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i This territory is part of the widely dispersed French Southern and Antarctic Lands, an overseas territory of France.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o This territory is not sovereign but is a British overseas territory. Its territory constitutes part of the sovereign territory of the United Kingdom but strictly speaking is not part of the United Kingdom itself.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Akrotiri shares one border with Cyprus. Dhekelia shares one main boundary with Cyprus, but there are three separate enclaves of Cyprus within the main Dhekelia–Cyprus border, which creates three additional borders.
  8. ^ a b c d e In 2008, Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. Although Kosovo's sovereignty has been recognized by 113 UN member states, it is not a member of the United Nations and Serbia disputes its sovereignty, claiming that Kosovo remains one of its provinces. For purposes of this list, Kosovo is considered to be a sovereign country. If Kosovo is considered part of Serbia, some numbers in the table would be reduced by one (e.g., when a state borders both Serbia and Kosovo). Other numbers would remain the same (e.g., when a state borders Kosovo but not Serbia).
  9. ^ a b c d Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory. Administration is split between Morocco and the largely unrecognized Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim sovereignty over the entire territory (see Legal status of Western Sahara). For purposes of this list, Western Sahara is considered to be a sovereign country.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q This territory is not sovereign, but is an insular area of the United States. U.S. territories are considered to be part of the sovereign territory of the United States.
  11. ^ a b 225 km (140 mi) via Angola's discontiguous Cabinda Province.
  12. ^ a b c d Claims to territory overlap.
  13. ^ a b 5,150|km|abbr=on}} via the long continental border and 150|km|abbr=on}} via the border on Tierra del Fuego.
  14. ^ a b 566|km|abbr=on}} with Azerbaijan-proper and 221|km|abbr=on}} with the Nakhichevan enclave. Additionally, in Armenia, there exist three Azerbaijani enclaves: Barxudarlı, Yuxarı Əskipara and Karki (located north of the region of Nakhchivan) Reciprocally, there exists one Armenian enclave, a village called Artsvashen in north-western Azerbaijan. This makes a total of 6 separate borders, including the 2 major borders.
  15. ^ a b c d e This territory is not sovereign, but is a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. For purposes of this list, Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Netherlands are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  16. ^ a b c d e f This territory is not sovereign but is part of the sovereign territory of Australia.
  17. ^ a b One via Azerbaijan-proper and one via the Nakhichevan exclave.
  18. ^ a b Via the Nakhichevan exclave.
  19. ^ a b This territory is not sovereign but is an autonomous region of Portugal. Its territory constitutes a constituent part of the sovereign territory of Portugal.
  20. ^ a b On the India-Bangladesh border in the Indian district of Cooch-Behar, before 1 August 2015, there were 92 Bangladeshi exclaves, with a total area of 47.7|km|abbr=on}}². Similarly, there were 106 Indian exclaves inside Bangladesh, with a total area of 69.5|km|abbr=on}}². Twenty-one of the Bangladeshi exclaves were within Indian exclaves, and three of the Indian exclaves were within Bangladeshi exclaves. The largest Indian exclave, Balapara Khagrabari, surrounded a Bangladeshi exclave, Upanchowki Bhajni, which itself surrounded an Indian exclave called Dahala Khagrabari, of less than one hectare. These 198 exclave borders plus the main border gave a total of 199 sections of border. Today the only remaining exclave is the Bangadeshi exclave of Dahagram-Angarpota. ("The end of the enclaves". The Economist. September 7, 2011. )
  21. ^ a b Madagascar claims sovereignty over Bassas da India, Europa Island, and Juan de Nova Island.
  22. ^ a b Germany has a group of 5 enclaves created by the Vennbahn railway trackbed between the towns of Roetgen and Monschau (south of Aachen) that was granted Belgian sovereignty. Belgium therefore has 5 borders with these exclaves and one border with the rest of Germany.
  23. ^ a b c The town of Baarle in the southern Netherlands is made up of the municipality of Baarle-Hertog, a group of 22 Belgian enclaves within the Netherlands; and of the Dutch municipality of Baarle-Nassau, which itself has one enclave in the main body of Belgium and 7 counter-enclaves inside two of the Belgian enclaves. There are therefore 30 separate enclave border sections, plus the main border for a total of 31 distinct sections.
  24. ^ a b The town of Sastavci (part of Rudo municipality, Foča Region) is completely surrounded by the Serbian municipality of Priboj, in Zlatibor District.
  25. ^ This territory is not sovereign and is a dependent territory of Norway. It is not part of the Kingdom of Norway, but it is considered to be part of the sovereign territory of Norway.
  26. ^ a b c d e f This territory is not sovereign but is an overseas department and an overseas region of France. As such, it is sovereign French territory that is an integral part of the French Republic.
  27. ^ a b c 6,416|km|abbr=on}} via the contiguous 48 states and 2,477|km|abbr=on}} via Alaska.
  28. ^ For information on the Republic of China, see the listing in this table under "Taiwan".
  29. ^ a b Hong Kong is not sovereign but since 1997 has been a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Hong Kong has a high degree of autonomy, including separate passports and a defined international boundary within China, but it is not considered a separate sovereign state for the purposes of this list.
  30. ^ a b Macau is not sovereign but since 1999 has been a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Macau has a high degree of autonomy, including separate passports and a defined international boundary within China, but it is not considered a separate sovereign state for the purposes of this list.
  31. ^ a b c Pakistan borders China only via Kashmir, a territory disputed between Pakistan and India. If India's territorial claims are accepted, China and Pakistan do not border one another.
  32. ^ Clipperton Island is not sovereign but is property of the government of France; as such, it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  33. ^ The Cook Islands is a self-governing country in free association with New Zealand. The Cook Islands controls a portion of its own foreign affairs, including the establishment and regulation of borders. However, the Cook Islands is not a member of the United Nations and is part of the Realm of New Zealand, with Cook Island people being New Zealand citizens.
  34. ^ a b c Cuba has a 29 km border with the United States Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay. However, the naval base is sovereign Cuban territory and subject to a 1903 treaty is leased perpetually by the U.S. government; therefore, this does not constitute an international border.
  35. ^ Northern Cyprus declared independence in 1983, shortly after Turkey invaded the island in response to a coup d'état by Greek Cypriots that was backed by Greece. Cyprus disputes the declaration of sovereignty and considers Northern Cyprus to be part of its territory. The United Nations and the European Union also do not recognize the sovereignty of Northern Cyprus. The only sovereign state that recognizes Northern Cyprus's sovereignty is Turkey. Northern Cyprus also lacks some of the indicators of legal sovereignty, relying heavily on Turkey for its continuing existence separate from Cyprus. Because of these factors, Northern Cyprus is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  36. ^ Northern Cyprus borders Dhekelia only, not Akrotiri.
  37. ^ a b "CIA - The World Factbook -- Czech Republic". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. May 31, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  38. ^ a b c d e f g In 1988, the Palestinian Liberation Organization declared as sovereign the State of Palestine. Palestinian sovereignty is recognized by 135 countries, and it has observer status at the United Nations. The State of Palestine consists of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In this list, for purposes of counting bordering states, Palestine is considered to be a single sovereign entity.
  39. ^ a b c d Via French Guiana
  40. ^ Argentina claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, which is a British overseas territory.
  41. ^ a b This territory is not sovereign, but is a country within the Kingdom of Denmark. For purposes of this list, Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  42. ^ a b c The town of Llívia is a Spanish exclave situated inside French territory. France has one border with it and two sections of border with the rest of Spain (separated by Andorra).
  43. ^ a b Excluding Adélie Land.
  44. ^ Via Saint Martin.
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h This territory is not sovereign, but is an overseas collectivity of France, and as such it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  46. ^ This territory is not sovereign but is an overseas territory of France.
  47. ^ a b Büsingen, Germany is an exclave in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. Switzerland has one border with it and one border with the rest of Germany.
  48. ^ Madagascar claims sovereignty over the Glorioso Islands.
  49. ^ a b c This territory is not sovereign but it a British Crown Dependency. Crown Dependencies are possessions of the British Crown but strictly speaking are not part of the United Kingdom.
  50. ^ (4 not including the Palestinian Territories)
  51. ^ (6 if the West Bank and Gaza strip are counted separately; 4 if they are not counted)
  52. ^ a b Campione d'Italia is enclaved in the canton of Ticino, Switzerland, although in practice it is administered as part of Switzerland. It is part of Swiss customs, uses the Swiss franc, its inhabitants have to pay income tax to Italy, though in a reduced measure, and it is under Italian sovereignty. Switzerland therefore has one border with it and one border with the rest of Italy.
  53. ^ a b The Tajik village of Vorukh, along with another small piece of land near Kairagach are embodied in Kyrgyz land. There are therefore 3 sections of border between the two countries.
  54. ^ a b Barak, a small Kyrgyz village, is surrounded by Uzbekistan. Reciprocally, the Uzbek towns of So'x (39°58′N 71°08′E / 39.967°N 71.133°E / 39.967; 71.133) and Shohimardon as well as the two tiny territories of Qal'acha and Khalmion (north of So'x) are all surrounded by Kyrgyz territory. There are therefore 5 enclave borders in addition to the main Kyrgyz/Uzbek border for a total of 6.
  55. ^ a b c d Via Kaliningrad.
  56. ^ a b 6.3|km|abbr=on}} via Ceuta; 9.6|km|abbr=on}} via Melilla; 85 m via Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera
  57. ^ The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic declared independence from Azerbaijan in 1991. However, neither Azerbaijan nor any other state or international organization has recognized Nagorno-Karabakh as a sovereign state. For this reason, Nagorno-Karabakh is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  58. ^ Haiti claims sovereignty over Navassa Island, which is a United States insular area.
  59. ^ Does not include Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten.
  60. ^ New Caledonia is not sovereign but is a sui generis collectivity of France and as such it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
  61. ^ Niue is a self-governing country in free association with New Zealand. Niue controls a portion of its own foreign affairs, including the establishment and regulation of borders. However, Niue is not a member of the United Nations and is part of the Realm of New Zealand, with Niuean people being New Zealand citizens.
  62. ^ 51|km|abbr=on}} via the Gaza Strip and 307|km|abbr=on}} via the West Bank.
  63. ^ a b Consisting of one border of 362|km|abbr=on}} and another of 169|km|abbr=on}}.
  64. ^ a b c Singapore is connected to  Malaysia by a causeway and a bridge.
  65. ^ Somaliland declared independence from Somalia in 1991. However, neither Somalia nor any other state or international organization has recognized Somaliland as a sovereign state. For this reason, Somaliland is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  66. ^ This territory is not sovereign, but is a constituent part of the Kingdom of Norway.
  67. ^ In 1949, during the Chinese Civil War, the government and leaders of the Republic of China (ROC), led by Chiang Kai-shek, retreated from mainland China to the island of Taiwan. In Taiwan, the ROC continues to claim sovereignty over all China, including the mainland and Taiwan. The People's Republic of China (PRC), which has governed mainland China since the ROC government retreated, also claims to be the sole representative of all China, including Taiwan. Even though the ROC government in Taiwan has never asserted that Taiwan's sovereignty is separate from that of China's, for many practical purposes Taiwan is treated by other countries and international organizations as a country that is separate from the PRC. However, Taiwan is not considered to be a sovereign entity that is separate from China for purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  68. ^ a b The Tajik village of Sarvan is in Uzbek territory. Uzbekistan has one border with it, and another with the rest of Tajikistan.
  69. ^ Tokelau is a non-self-governing territory within the Realm of New Zealand. For purposes of this list, Tokelau, the Cook Islands, New Zealand, and Niue are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
  70. ^ In the early 1990, Transnistria attempted to separate itself, first from the Moldavian SSR and then from sovereign Moldova. Moldova disputes Transnistrian sovereignty and considers it to be part of its territory. There are no sovereign states that recognize Transnistria's sovereignty. Because of the lack of international recognition, Transnistria is not considered a sovereign state for the purposes of this list and is not included in other countries' listings of neighbouring countries and territories.
  71. ^ Madagascar claims sovereignty over Tromelin Island.
  72. ^ The United Kingdom does not include British overseas territories or Crown dependencies.
  73. ^ The Marshall Islands claims sovereignty over Wake Island, which is an insular area of the United States.
  74. ^ Via the 48 contiguous states.
  75. ^ Науково-дослідна установа «Український науково-дослідний інститут екологічних проблем». "Анотований зведений заключний звіт про науково-дослідну роботу" (PDF). UNECE. Retrieved 26 May 2017.