Landau (crater)

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Landau crater1.jpg
Landau from orbit.
Coordinates 41°36′N 118°06′W / 41.6°N 118.1°W / 41.6; -118.1Coordinates: 41°36′N 118°06′W / 41.6°N 118.1°W / 41.6; -118.1
Diameter 214 km
Depth Unknown
Colongitude 121° at sunrise
Eponym Lev D. Landau
Oblique Lunar Orbiter 5 image, facing west
Another oblique view from Lunar Orbiter 5, facing southwest

Landau is a large lunar crater that is located in the northern hemisphere on the far side of the Moon. It was named after physicist Lev Landau. The crater Wegener is attached to the northeastern rim. Attached to the southeastern rim is Frost.

The outer rim of Landau is heavily eroded and modified by subsequent impacts. The most notable of these is Wood, which overlays the northwest rim. Much of the floor is hilly and irregular, with only the northeast quadrant being somewhat level. There are multiple small craters and craterlets in the floor. The most intact section of the rim is in the southwest, although this is now little more than a low ridge line.

Landau lies at the approximate margin of the Coulomb-Sarton Basin, a 530 km wide impact crater of Pre-Nectarian age.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Landau.

Landau Latitude Longitude Diameter
Q 41.0° N 121.7° W 32 km