Landaulet (car)

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1966 Rolls-Royce Phantom V landaulet
1934 Austin 12/4 landaulet taxicab

A landaulet, also known as landaulette, is a car body style where the rear passengers are covered by a convertible top.[1][2][3] Often the driver is separated from the rear passengers by a division,[4] as with a limousine.

During the first half of the 20th century, taxicabs were often landaulets, with models such as the Austin 12/4 and the Checker Model G and early Checker Model A being a common sight in larger cities.

In the second half of the 20th century, landaulettes were often used by public figures (such as heads of state) in formal processions. They are now rarely used, for fear of terrorist attack.

Origins[edit]

Landaulet carriage

The car body style is derived from the horse-drawn carriage of similar style that was a cut-down (coupé) version of a landau.

In British English, the term landaulet is used specifically for horse-drawn carriages, and landaulette is used when referring to motor vehicles.[5]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

Like many other coachbuilding styles, the term landaulet was transferred from horse-drawn carriages to automobiles.[6][3][7] The condition of the driver's section may range from having no weather protection at all, as was often the case with early landaulets,[6][8][dubious ] to being fully enclosed.[9]

20th century[edit]

Since WWII, use has been largely restricted to formal processions to assure the dignitary's security. Pope John XXIII, Pope Paul VI, and Pope Benedict XVI used landaulettes based on Mercedes-Benz automobiles.

21st century[edit]

The Peugeot 607 Paladine is a one-off landaulet version of the Peugeot 607. It was built as a concept car and presented in March 2000 at the Geneva Motor Show. The car was first used seven years later by Nicolas Sarkozy for his inauguration as president of France in May 2007.

The Maybach division of Daimler AG showed a Maybach 62 landaulet concept car at the Middle East International Auto Show in November 2007.[10] They added the landaulet to their 2009 model line.[11]

In 2011, a Lexus LS 600h L landaulet was created for use at the wedding of Albert II, Prince of Monaco, and Charlene Wittstock.[12] The car was used to transport the couple on the day of their wedding, and afterwards put on display at the Oceanographic Museum in Monaco.[12]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Georgano 1971, p. 216
  2. ^ Clough 1913, p. 185
  3. ^ a b Merriam-Webster 1991, pp. 358–359.
  4. ^ Clough 1913, p. 185.
  5. ^ landaulet, n. Oxford English Dictionary online accessed 4 February 2018
  6. ^ a b Haajanen 2003, p. 92.
  7. ^ References:
  8. ^ Society of Automobile Engineers 1916.
  9. ^ References:
  10. ^ Car Body Design 2007.
  11. ^ Left Lane News 2008.
  12. ^ a b Ewing, Steven (24 June 2011). "Lexus LS 600h L Landaulet for Monaco Royal Wedding blows our minds". Autoblog. Retrieved 7 September 2011. Duchatelet

References[edit]