Landelino Lavilla Alsina

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Landelino Lavilla Alsina
Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo conversa con el presidente del Congreso, Landelino Lavilla (cropped).jpg
Landelino Lavilla in 1981.
President of the Congress of Deputies
In office
6 April 1979 – 18 November 1982
MonarchJuan Carlos I
Prime MinisterAdolfo Suárez
Preceded byFernando Álvarez de Miranda
Succeeded byGregorio Peces-Barba
Minister of Justice
In office
5 July 1976 – 6 April 1979
Preceded byAntonio Garrigues y Díaz-Cañabate
Succeeded byÍñigo Cavero Lataillade
Member of the Congress of Deputies
In office
6 April 1979 – 18 November 1982
In office
18 November 1982 – 28 July 1983
Member of the Senate
In office
15 June 1977 – 6 April 1979
ConstituencyRoyal appointment
Personal details
Born (1934-08-06) 6 August 1934 (age 85)
Political partyUnion of the Democratic Centre
Spouse(s)Juana Rubira
Alma materUniversity of Zaragoza
Complutense University of Madrid

Landelino Lavilla Alsina (born 6 August 1934) is a Spanish lawyer and politician, who served as justice minister from 1976 to 1979. He also served as member of the parliament and as senator.

Early life and education[edit]

Lavilla was born in Lerida on 6 August 1934.[1] He received law degree from the University of Zaragoza and Complutense University of Madrid.[1]

Career and activities[edit]

Lavilla is a lawyer by profession.[2] He joined court of auditors in 1958 and the state council in 1959.[3] He joined the Tácitos, Catholic reformist group, in 1974.[1] He became a senior member of the Christian Democratic Party.[4] The group published articles in the Catholic daily, Ya, beginning by 1972.[5] He was the undersecretary of industry in the last cabinet of Franco from 1974 to 1976.[1][5][6]

He was appointed minister of justice in the first cabinet of Adolfo Suárez on 5 July 1976, replacing Antonio Garrigues y Díaz-Cañabate in the post.[7] He retained his post following the democratic elections in June 1977.[8] He drafted the political reform act that was approved by the congress in November 1977 and implemented a legal process that paved the way for the legalization of all major political groups, including communists.[2] Lavilla's term ended on 6 April 1979 when Íñigo Cavero was appointed justice minister.[7]

He was appointed senator in 1977 and was in office until 1978.[3] He was elected to the congress of deputies in 1979, representing Jaén province. He served as speaker of the Congress from 1979 to 1982, witnessing the coup d'état of 23-F.[4][9] Before the 1982 general election he led the Christian Democrat party.[10] He was reelected in 1982, representing Madrid province, but resigned from office in 1983.

He is the permanent member and chairman of the first section of the Spanish state council and also a permanent member of the Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation.[3] In addition, he was a member of the advisory committee of FRIDE, Madrid-based now defunct think tank organization.[11]

Personal life[edit]

Lavilla is married to Juana Rubira and they have four children.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Landelino Lavilla Alsina". Who's Who in Spain. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b Charles T. Powell (1990). "The 'Tacito' group and the transition to democracy, 1973-1977". In F. Lannon and P. Preston (ed.). Elites and power in Twentieth-Century Spain (PDF). Oxford: Clarendon Press. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Research Team". FRIDE. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  4. ^ a b Eamonn J. Rodgers (1999). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture. CRC Press. p. 297. ISBN 978-0-415-13187-2. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  5. ^ a b Paul Preston (1990). The Triumph of Democracy in Spain. London: Routledge. Retrieved 9 September 2013.  – via Questia (subscription required)
  6. ^ S. D. Eaton (1981). The Forces of Freedom in Spain: 1974 - 1979 ; a Personal Account. Hoover Press. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-8179-7453-4. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Spanish justice ministers". Rulers. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  8. ^ Paloma Aguilar (December 1996). "Collective Memory of the Spanish Civil War" (PDF). Estudio/Working Paper. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  9. ^ País, Ediciones El (13 March 1981). "Landelino Lavilla ofreció como rehenes a los miembros de la Mesa del Congreso".
  10. ^ R. W. Apple Jr. (13 October 1982). "Spanish socialist a darling of public, if not army". The New York Times. Madrid. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  11. ^ "Advisory Committee". FRIDE. Retrieved 9 September 2013.