Lander County, Nevada

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Lander County
Lander County
Lander County Courthouse in Battle Mountain
Lander County Courthouse in Battle Mountain
Map of Nevada highlighting Lander County
Location within the U.S. state of Nevada
Map of the United States highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°57′N 117°02′W / 39.95°N 117.03°W / 39.95; -117.03
Country United States
State Nevada
Founded1862; 158 years ago (1862)
Named forFrederick W. Lander
SeatBattle Mountain
Largest communityBattle Mountain
Area
 • Total5,519 sq mi (14,290 km2)
 • Land5,490 sq mi (14,200 km2)
 • Water29 sq mi (80 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total5,775
 • Estimate 
(2018)
5,575
 • Density1.0/sq mi (0.40/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitelandercountynv.org

Lander County is a county in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,775.[1] Its county seat is Battle Mountain.[2]

History[edit]

Lander County was created in 1862. It was one of the 11 counties in Nevada when it became a state in 1864. It was named for Frederick W. Lander,[3] chief engineer of a federal wagon route through the area in 1857. He later served as Special Indian Agent in the area, and died during the Civil War in Virginia in 1862 at the rank of brigadier general. Created in 1862, Lander County sprang forth as the result of a mining boom on the Reese River, along the old pony express line; taking a considerable portion of Churchill and Humboldt counties with it. Eventually, Lander County would be known as the "mother of counties" since three other counties in Nevada were formed from it: Elko, White Pine, and Eureka. Its first county seat was Jacob's Spring in 1862 which was soon after moved to Austin in 1863 and finally Battle Mountain in 1979.

Geography[edit]

Derelict building off State Route 305 in the Reese River Valley with the Shoshone Range in the distance

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,519 square miles (14,290 km2), of which 5,490 square miles (14,200 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (0.5%) is water.[4]

The 11,477 ft (3498 m) summit of Bunker Hill, located in the Toiyabe Range near the Nye County border, is the highest point in the county[5] while the county's most topographically prominent peak is Mount Lewis.

Major highways[edit]