Landers, California

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Landers
The Landers sign outside the U.S. Post Office on Reche Road at Landers Lane.
The Landers sign outside the U.S. Post Office on Reche Road at Landers Lane.
Landers is located in California
Landers
Landers
Location within the state of California
Coordinates: 34°15′58″N 116°23′32″W / 34.26611°N 116.39222°W / 34.26611; -116.39222Coordinates: 34°15′58″N 116°23′32″W / 34.26611°N 116.39222°W / 34.26611; -116.39222
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySan Bernardino
Elevation3,084 ft (940 m)
Population
 • Census Designated Place estimated 20172,982[1]
Demonym(s)Landroid
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
92285
Area codes442/760
FIPS code06-40158
GNIS feature ID244564

Landers is an unincorporated community in the High Desert region of the Mojave Desert, in San Bernardino County, Southern California.[3] Landers' population, as of 2017, is 2,982 people.[4] Its residents are sometimes referred to as "Landroids"—an allusion to the popular UFO culture in the area—and its official slogan is "Beautiful Skies, Miles of Smiles," adopted pursuant to a contest held by the Landers Association in early 2014. It was submitted by Ms. McCall's 3rd and 4th grade class at Landers Elementary School and was unveiled on June 10, 2014.[5] However, for almost half a century, Landers has been known to its residents as "the land of 1000 vistas".

History[edit]

The Landers area was originally settled in the early 20th century by prospectors who came to mine gold in Goat Mountain, starting with Charles Reche in 1914.[6]

From the late 1940s through the 1970s, Landers was a popular gathering point for conventions of UFO enthusiasts, with the primary destinations of interest being the Integratron and nearby Giant Rock.[7]

The area was the epicenter of the June 28, 1992 Landers earthquake, a magnitude 7.4 strike-slip earthquake.[8] It caused considerable structural damage to the surrounding area, and one death - a three-year-old child.

The Morongo Basin Historical Society is located in Landers; the original Post Office is now there.[9]

Geography[edit]

A typical sunrise in Landers, California looking east by southeast toward Joshua Tree, California

Landers lies in the Homestead Valley of the southeastern Mojave Desert. The nominal elevation of the community is 3,100 feet (940 m) above sea level; its highest point is the top of Goat Mountain that rises 625 feet above the surrounding area.

Landers is 14 miles (23 km) north of Yucca Valley, and borders the community of Flamingo Heights to its south. It's bordered by the city of Joshua Tree to its southeast and Johnson Valley, California is positioned north of Landers. Pioneertown is southwest of the community and California State Route 247, named "Old Woman Springs Road" in the area, passes through Landers from Yucca Valley en route north to Barstow.

The community is bounded on its north and east by the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center (MCAGCC), commonly known as 29 Palms.

Giant Rock[edit]

Adjacent to Landers on the north is Giant Rock, covering 5,800 square feet (540 m2) and seven stories high. It is thought to be the largest free standing boulder in the world.[10] A significant part of its southern side split off in February 2000 for unknown reasons. It was sacred to the Californian Indians in the region, where the north and south tribes met annually.[7] The deteriorated remains of a packed sand air strip that was operational from 1947 to 1975 are still visible, as is a concrete pad that was the location of a cafe at the site, built and operated by George Van Tassel, who also built and is associated with the Integratron.

Giant Rock as compared to an average size pickup truck

Politics[edit]

Like much of the High Desert region and the interior of California, as well as neighboring Yucca Valley and Twentynine Palms, Landers is far more conservative than the rest of the state. In the California State Legislature, Landers is in the 16th Senate District, represented by Republican Shannon Grove, and in the 42nd Assembly District, represented by Independent (former Republican) Chad Mayes.

In the United States House of Representatives, Landers is located in California's 8th congressional district,[11] represented by Republican Jay Obernolte. In the 2016 presidential election, Landers (and the 8th District) were won by Republican candidate Donald Trump (by 55% to 40%) while San Bernardino County voted for Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton. The cycle repeated itself in 2020, with incumbent Republican President Trump carrying the 8th District (54% to 44%) while Democratic nominee Joe Biden carried San Bernardino County.

Economy[edit]

The U.S. Landers Post Office is located at Landers Lane and Reche Road, serving ZIP code 92285.[12] A Loyal Order of Moose Lodge, community center (Belfield Hall), convenience store, elementary school, and recreational center with lighted ball field are also located in this rural desert community. The Landers Brew Co. occupies an old roadhouse originally built in 1948. There was once a Landers Airport, as well as one nearby at Giant Rock, both with short, packed dirt runways adequate for single engine aircraft. Neither facility is operational today.

Gubler Orchids[edit]

Gubler Orchids first established its nursery greenhouses in Landers in 1975. The original greenhouses were severely damaged in the 1992 Landers earthquake; after three years of reconstruction and modernization they reopened in 1995. Today Gubler has over 155,000 square feet of greenhouses in production, and ships its plants and growing products primarily in the United States and Canada. In conjunction with community groups and local schools, Gubler Orchids sponsors a festival and open house each year the first weekend in October.[13]

Astronomical Facilities[edit]

There are two major amateur astronomical facilities in Landers: The Goat Mountain Astronomical Research Station (GMARS)[14] and the Center for Solar System Studies (CS3).[15] GMARS is owned by the Riverside Astronomical Society, and is one of the most ambitious installations of its kind in the world with over 23 observatories and a solar powered USGS seismic station. It also has over twenty telescope "pads" with electrical service that are used with field gear. For use by those pursuing scientific activities at GMARS, the facility has been assigned the international observatory code of G79. CS3 has nine robotic observatories and is primarily focused on asteroid research and photometric studies. The observatory codes assigned at CS3 include U80, U81 and U82.

Integratron[edit]

Integratron 2018

Author, inventor, and UFO advocate George Van Tassel (1910–1978) built the Integratron structure in the Giant Rock area from 1957 to 1977. The Integratron dome is built using a unique design of wood construction with 16 glued and laminated spines held together at its apex by one ton of concrete.[7] It is 38 feet (12 m) high and 50 feet (15 m) in diameter.[10]

The Integratron and Giant Rock are the two Landers sites of most interest to UFO enthusiasts. Renowned food and travel personality Anthony Bourdain did a segment in 2011 on Van Tassel and the Integratron as part of his No Reservations television series (s07e13 - see here). Van Tassel, the Integratron and Giant Rock received serious treatment in 2018 by filmmaker Jonathan Berman in his documentary, Calling All Earthlings. The Smithsonian magazine, Air & Space, has an informative article on the documentary here. The compound is now open to the public as a study, performance, and retreat center for organized programs regarding neuroacoustics, music, meditation, energy healing, architecture, alternative health, science, and spirituality.[16]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census data https://california.hometownlocator.com/ca/san-bernardino/homestead-valley-cdp.cfm
  2. ^ "Landers". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
  3. ^ Latitude: 34.336186 Longitude: -116.535035
  4. ^ https://california.hometownlocator.com/ca/san-bernardino/homestead-valley-cdp.cfm
  5. ^ Landers Association Newsletter, July–August 2014
  6. ^ http://www.mbhs.net/images/newsletter/2008/June_08.pdf History of mining at Goat Mountain.
  7. ^ a b c "integratron.com: History of the Integretron". Archived from the original on 2016-01-15. Retrieved 2013-10-15.
  8. ^ Nur, A.; Ron, H.; Beroza, G. (1993), "Landers-Mojave Earthquake Line: A New Fault System?" (PDF), GSA Today, Geological Society of America, 3 (10)
  9. ^ Morongo Basin Historical Society http://www.mbhs.net/
  10. ^ a b Lucernevalley.net: Giant Rock history
  11. ^ "California's 8th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  12. ^ Payphone-project.com: Landers Post Office, 890 Landers Lane — 92285 . 10.12.2013
  13. ^ http://www.gublers.com/ourstory
  14. ^ Riverside Astronomical Society http://www.rivastro.org/gmars.php
  15. ^ Center for Solar System Studies, http://planetarysciences.org/home.html
  16. ^ The Integratron

External links[edit]