Landesliga Bayern-Mitte

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Landesliga Bayern-Mitte
Map of Germany with the location of Bavaria highlighted
Country  Germany
State  Bavaria
Founded 1963
Folded 2012
Level on pyramid Level 6
Promotion to Bayernliga
Relegation to
Last champions SpVgg Landshut
(2011–12)

The Landesliga Bayern-Mitte (English: State league Bavaria-Central) was the sixth tier of the German football league system in southern Bavaria. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008, it was the fifth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the fourth tier.

The winner of the Landesliga-Mitte automatically qualified for the Bayernliga, the runners-up needed to compete with the runners-up of the other four Landesligas and the 15th placed teams of the Bayernligas for another promotion spot.

The league was disbanded in 2012, when the Regionalliga Bayern was introduced as the new fourth tier of the German league system in Bavaria. Below this league, the Bayernliga was expanded to two divisions while the number of state leagues grew from three to five divisions. A new Landesliga Bayern-Mitte was formed but the territory it now covers varies from the old league, with the clubs from northern Middle Franconia and Upper Palatinate as well as the clubs from southern Lower Bavaria now playing in other leagues.[1][2]

Overview[edit]

The Landesligas from 1963 to 2012

The Landesligen in Bayern were formed in 1963, in place of the 2nd Amateurligas, which operated below the Bayernliga until then. In the region of the Landesliga Mitte, the 2nd Amateurligen were split into three groups, Niederbayern, Oberpfalz and Mittelfranken. The league was formed from eighteen clubs, six of them from the Amateurligas (III) and twelve from the 2nd Amateurligas (IV).[3]

In the first eighteen seasons, up until 1980, only the league champions were promoted to the Bayernliga. This was altered in 1981, when the three Landesliga runners-up were given the opportunity to earn promotion, too, via a promotion round.[4] The Bavarian football association actually stipulates in its rules and regulations that every league champion has to be promoted, unless it declines to do so, and every runners-up has to have the opportunity to earn promotion, too.

Below the league, the Bezirksligas were set as the fifth tier of league football, until 1988, when the Bezirksoberligas were formed. In the first year, three teams were promoted from the Bezirksligas, one from each region; from 1966, it was four clubs. The Landesliga Mitte was fed by the three Bezirksoberligen of Mittelfranken, Oberpfalz and Niederbayern from 1988 onwards. The winner of those were automatically promoted, the runners-up played-off for another promotion spot with the 15th placed team of Landesliga to determine the winner of the last available spot in the Landesliga. The Landesliga Mitte is the only one of the three Bavarian Landesligas to have had three Bezirksoberligas as feeder leagues, the other two only have two each.

For the most part of its history, the league has operated on a strength of eighteen clubs, only occasionally diverting from this when the number of teams relegated from the Bayernliga to it was more than one. With the change in the league system in 1994 and 2008, the introduction of the Regionalliga and the 3. Liga, there were two automatic promotion places available to each of the Landesligen in those seasons.

Disbanding[edit]

The Landesligas from 2012 onwards.

The Bavarian football federation carried out drastic changes to the league system at the end of the 2011-12 season. With the already decided introduction of the Regionalliga Bayern from 2012–13, it also placed two Bayernligas below the new league as the new fifth tier of the German league system. Below those, five Landesligas instead of the existing three were set, which would be geographically divided to limit travel and increase the number of local derbies.[5]

The clubs from the Landesliga Bayern-Mitte joined the following leagues:[1]

  • Champions and runners-up: Promotion round to the Regionalliga, winners to the Regionalliga, losers to the Bayernliga.
  • Teams placed 3rd to 8th: Directly qualified to the Bayernliga.
  • Teams placed 9th to 15th: Promotion round to the Bayernliga, winners to the Bayernliga, losers to the Landesliga.
  • Teams placed 16th or worse: Directly qualified to the Landesliga.

Founding members[edit]

When the league was formed in 1963 as the new fourth tier of the Bavarian league system in Middle Franconia, Upper Palatinate and Lower Bavaria, in place of the 2nd Amateurligas, it consisted of the following eighteen clubs from the following leagues:[3]

The clubs in the two Amateurligas placed seventh or better were admitted to the new Amateurliga Bayern, all others went to the new Landesligas. The top-three teams in the four regional 2nd Amateurligas were each admitted to the Landesliga.

Top-three of the Landesliga[edit]

The following teams have finished in the top-three in the league:[6]

Season Champions Runners-up Third
1963–64 SpVgg Weiden ESV Nürnberg-West FC Stein
1964–65 1. FC Nuremberg II 1. FC Amberg FC Dingolfing
1965–66 SSV Jahn Regensburg 1. FC Passau SpVgg Landshut
1966–67 ESV Nürnberg-West TuS Rosenberg FC Stein
1967–68 1. FC Passau TuS Rosenberg SpVgg Vohenstrauß
1968–69 SpVgg Vohenstrauß 1. FC Amberg FC Herzogenaurach
1969–70 FC Herzogenaurach ASV Neumarkt ASV Herzogenaurach
1970–71 ASV Neumarkt TSV Straubing FC Schwandorf
1971–72 ASV Herzogenaurach TSV Roth SC Zwiesel
1972–73 TSV Roth 1. FC Amberg TSV Straubing
1973–74 ASV Neumarkt SpVgg Plattling SpVgg Deggendorf
1974–75 1. FC Amberg FC Herzogenaurach SpVgg Vohenstrauß
1975–76 SpVgg Plattling SpVgg Vohenstrauß FC Herzogenaurach
1976–77 FC Herzogenaurach TSV Straubing 1. FC Nuremberg II
1977–78 FC Vilshofen ASV Herzogenaurach TSV Südwest Nürnberg
1978–79 FC Herzogenaurach ASV Herzogenaurach FC Schwandorf
1979–80 1. FC Nuremberg II ASV Herzogenaurach SSV Jahn Regensburg
1980–81 FC Vilshofen TSV Straubing SSV Jahn Regensburg
1981–82 TSV Straubing SpVgg Landshut SSV Jahn Regensburg
1982–83 SSV Jahn Regensburg 1. FC Amberg ASV Burglengenfeld
1983–84 1. FC Nuremberg II FSV Bad Windsheim 1. FC Amberg
1984–85 SpVgg Weiden SpVgg Plattling 1. FC Amberg
1985–86 1. FC Amberg FSV Bad Windsheim TSV Vestenbergsgreuth
1986–87 TSV Vestenbergsgreuth FSV Bad Windsheim FC Vilshofen
1987–88 SpVgg Weiden 1. FC Miltach SpVgg Fürth
1988–89 SpVgg Plattling SpVgg Fürth 1. FC Passau
1989–90 SSV Jahn Regensburg 1. FC Passau SpVgg Fürth
1990–91 SpVgg Fürth 1. FC Nuremberg II 1. FC Miltach
1991–92 1. FC Passau SpVgg Landshut 1. FC Kötzting
1992–93 SpVgg Plattling BSC Erlangen TSV 04 Schwabach
1993–94 Jahn Forchheim 1. FC Amberg SpVgg Weiden
1994–95 SG Quelle Fürth SpVgg Weiden SG Post/Süd Regensburg
1995–96 SG Post/Süd Regensburg TSV 04 Schwabach TuS Landshut-Berg
1996–97 1. SC Feucht SSV Jahn Regensburg SC 04 Schwabach
1997–98 SC 04 Schwabach 1. FC Nuremberg II SSV Jahn Regensburg
1998–99 SSV Jahn Regensburg SpVgg Ansbach ASV Neumarkt
1999–2000 ASV Neumarkt 1. FC Kötzting SG Post/Süd Regensburg
2000–01 SpVgg Greuther Fürth II Linde Schwandorf ASV Vach
2001–02 SG Post/Süd Regensburg SpVgg Landshut ASV Cham
2002–03 SpVgg Landshut 1. FC Passau ASV Neumarkt
2003–04 1. FC Kötzting SG Quelle Fürth DJK Vilzing
2004–05 SG Quelle Fürth ASV Neumarkt SpVgg Landshut
2005–06 SpVgg Weiden TuS Regensburg FSV Erlangen-Bruck
2006–07 SpVgg Ansbach SV Schalding-Heining FSV Erlangen-Bruck
2007–08 FSV Erlangen-Bruck SV Seligenporten DJK Vilzing
2008–09 SV Schalding-Heining SpVgg Landshut ASV Neumarkt
2009–10 Freier TuS Regensburg TSV Neustadt/Aisch SSV Jahn Regensburg II
2010–11 SC Eltersdorf SSV Jahn Regensburg II SpVgg Landshut
2011–12 SpVgg Landshut SV Schalding-Heining SSV Jahn Regensburg II
  • Promoted teams in bold.
  • The Bavarian football association requires deciders to be played when two teams are on equal points[7] at the end of the season to determine promotion/relegation. Championship deciders were necessary in the following years:
  • For first place:
    • 1964: SpVgg Weiden defeated ESV Nürnberg-West.
    • 1970: FC Herzogenaurach defeated ASV Neumarkt.
    • 1976: SpVgg Plattling defeated SpVgg Vohenstrauß.
    • 1990: SSV Jahn Regensburg defeated 1. FC Passau.
    • 1991: SpVgg Fürth defeated 1. FC Nuremberg II.
  • For second place:
    • 1989: SpVgg Fürth defeated 1. FC Passau.
    • 1997: SSV Jahn Regensburg defeated SC 04 Schwabach 3–2.
    • 2006: TuS Regensburg defeated FSV Erlangen-Bruck 3–2 aet.
    • 2007: SV Schalding-Heining defeated FSV Erlangen-Bruck 1–0.
    • 2009: SpVgg Landshut defeated ASV Neumarkt 1–0.

Multiple winners[edit]

The following clubs have won the league more than once:

Club Wins Years
SpVgg Weiden 4 1964, 1985, 1988, 2006
SSV Jahn Regensburg 4 1966, 1983, 1990, 1999
ASV Neumarkt 3 1971, 1974, 2000
SpVgg Plattling 3 1976, 1989, 1993
1. FC Nuremberg II 3 1965, 1980, 1984
FC Herzogenaurach 3 1970, 1977, 1979
SpVgg Landshut 2 2003, 2012
SG Quelle Fürth 2 1995, 2005
SG Post/Süd Regensburg 2 1996, 2002
1. FC Passau 2 1968, 1992
1. FC Amberg 2 1975, 1986
FC Vilshofen 2 1978, 1981

All-time table 1963–2012[edit]

The SpVgg Landshut holds the top spot in the all-time table of the Landesliga Mitte, with the 1. FC Nuremberg II being second, 319 points behind, SpVgg Jahn Forchheim is third. The last place, number 133, goes to TSV Ergoldsbach on eight points.[8] The 2011-12 season, the leagues last, saw three new teams in the league who had not played at this level before, SV Buckenhofen, FC Ergolding and Dergah Spor Nürnberg.

Pos. Club Seasons M W D L GF GA P
1 SpVgg Landshut 28 922 440 199 283 1796 1341 1518
2 1. FC Nuremberg II 21 704 346 160 198 1307 853 1198
3 Jahn Forchheim 26 848 323 206 321 1442 1426 1175
4-130 127 clubs
131 VfB Regensburg 1 30 2 6 22 24 83 12
132 TuS Grafenwöhr 1 34 2 5 27 46 120 11
133 TSV Ergoldsbach 1 34 1 5 28 28 104 8

League placings 1988–2012[edit]

The complete list of clubs and placings in the league from the 1988–89 until 2011–12 seasons:[9]

Club S 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12
SpVgg Greuther Fürth 1 4 2 3 1 B B B R R R 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
SSV Jahn Regensburg 5 11 7 1 B B B B B B 2 3 1 B R R R 2B R R B R 3L 3L 3L 3L
1. FC Nürnberg II 21 6 6 2 6 10 6 7 4 8 2 B B B B B B B B B B R R R R
SpVgg Greuther Fürth II 1 1 B B B B B B B R R R R
FSV Erlangen-Bruck 4 5 3 3 1 B B B B
SV Seligenporten 4 6 6 4 2 B B B B
SC Eltersdorf 10 12 8 7 8 5 11 15 13 5 1 B
SpVgg Landshut 27 B 5 7 2 B B B B B B B B 4 2 1 B 3 4 5 4 2 4 3 1
SV Schalding-Heining 11 5 10 5 11 4 13 10 2 5 1 B B 2
SSV Jahn Regensburg II 5 6 B B B B 14 8 11 3 2 3
DJK Ammerthal 3 7 7 4
SpVgg G-W Deggendorf 6 6 17 17 9 9 8 5
SpVgg Hankofen 8 13 7 9 9 15 16 4 6
ASV Neumarkt 20 15 4 4 3 1 B B 3 5 2 11 12 6 3 13 12 7
Jahn Forchheim 3 25 8 8 7 13 12 1 B B B B B B 19 13 8
1. FC Bad Kötzting 16 10 3 8 10 12 5 14 15 5 2 9 8 5 1 B B B B B B 11 9
FSV Erlangen-Bruck II 3 14 14 10
TSV Neustadt/Aisch 15 13 10 16 15 14 10 13 13 10 18 9 6 2 5 11
Dergah Spor Nürnberg 1 12
ASV Cham 27 7 11 9 15 7 12 14 14 14 13 3 9 6 12 12 8 18 13
FC Ergolding 1 14
SV Buckenhofen 1 15
TSV Bad Abbach 2 6 16
SpVgg Ansbach 17 9 10 6 12 5 12 10 16 5 2 B B R B B B 8 1 B B B 9 17
SV Etzentricht 6 7 11 12 11 10 18
Freier TuS Regensburg 14 13 13 9 6 11 12 12 7 2 6 7 4 1 B 19
SpVgg Weiden 8 12 B B B B B 3 2 B B B B B B B B B B 1 B B B R R
FC Amberg 2 7 16 7 15 13 8 10 15
FC Tegernheim 4 16 10 15 16
DJK Vilzing 10 11 14 14 3 4 16 3 5 8 17
SpVgg Weiden II 2 12 18
FC Dingolfing 19 18 8 14 14 9 10 7 6 19
TV Schierling 1 16
SG Quelle Fürth 11 12 13 9 14 7 1 B R B B R B B B 2 1 B 17 14 17
SV 73 Nürnberg-Süd 1 9 15 18
ASC Simbach 1 16
ASV Vach 15 13 8 9 9 4 4 3 6 4 11 11 9 13 12 17
1. SC Feucht 5 12 1 B B B B B B R R B B 14 18
SpVgg Kirchdorf 3 13 10 17
1. FC Schnaitach 3 15 15 16
1. FC Miltach 16 4 4 3 4 7 13 6 10 16 9 11 16 18
1. FC Passau 20 3 2 4 1 B B B B B B B B 12 4 2 B B B 20
SC 04 Schwabach 3 3 1 B B B B B B B 19
FV Wendelstein 3 10 14 20
ASV Zirndorf 11 15 7 6 10 17
ETSV Landshut 2 18
TSV Kareth-Lappersdorf 4 17 13 18
SV Neusorg 5 12 8 16 9 15
FC Beilngries 1 16
SV Hutthurm 8 9 6 10 7 7 8 15 17
SV Perlesreut 1 18
SG Post/Süd Regensburg 5 11 10 8 5 11 9 5 3 1 B B B 3 5 1
Linde Schwandorf 6 14 17 12 8 2 16
SC Luhe-Wildenau 5 15 17 12 7 17
Glück-Auf Wackersdorf 4 10 15
TSV Rotthalmünster 1 17
TSV Straubing 18 5 8 11 13 18
SV Riedelhütte 4 3 6 6 6
BSC Erlangen 16 8 2 4 4 15 13 7 10 17
TSV Ergoldsbach 1 18
TSV Uehlfeld 1 15
TuS Landshut-Berg 4 9 3 17 16
DJK Schwabach 1 17
SV Landau/Isar 6 15 8 6 7 11 18
ESV Rangierbahnhof Nürnberg 4 11 14 11 18
FC Schwandorf 10 11 18
TSV 04 Schwabach 13 3 8 5 2
TSV Velden 1 18
1. FC Amberg 2 18 B B B 10 4 2 B
SpVgg Plattling 18 1 B B B 1 B 16
TSV Katzwang 3 13 14 17
FC Vilshofen 16 5 11 12 5 6 11 18
FC Furth im Wald 1 15
SpVgg Deggendorf 6 13 14 16
TSV Weißenburg 12 12 11 9 14
TSV Waldkirchen 1 15
VfB Regensburg 1 16
Detag Wernberg 2 15 16
TSV Südwest Nürnberg 2 18 14
ASV Auerbach 2 9 16
FC Aunkirchen 3 11 14
TV Freyung 1 16
SpVgg Ruhmannsfelden 2 13 17
TSV Pressath 4 16
FC Herzogenaurach 13 19

Key[edit]

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga
RL
2B
Regionalliga Süd (1963–74)
2nd Bundesliga (1974–present)
3L 3rd Liga
R Regionalliga Süd (1994–present)
B Bayernliga
1 League champions
Place League
Blank Played at a league level below this league
  • S = No of seasons in league (until 2011-12)

Notes[edit]

League records 1963–2012[edit]

The league records in regards to points, wins, loses and goals for the clubs in the league were:[6]

Record Team Season Number
Most wins SpVgg Weiden 1987-88 30
Least wins FC Passau 2006-07 0
Most defeats Freier TuS Regensburg 2011-12 33
Least defeats FC Amberg 1974-75 1
SpVgg Weiden 1987-88
FC Passau 1991-92
SpVgg Plattling 1992-93
Most goals for SpVgg Greuther Fürth II 2000-01 122
Least goals for FC Passau 2006-07 16
Most goals against TV 1848 Erlangen 1966-67 135
Least goals against SpVgg Fürth 1990-91 22
Highest points (2 for a win) SpVgg Weiden 1987-88 67
Lowest points (2 for a win) SpVgg Ruhmannsfelden 1989-90 7
Highest points (3 for a win) SpVgg Ansbach 2006-07 88
Lowest points (3 for a win) FC Passau 2006-07 7
Freier TuS Regensburg 2011-12

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Auf- und Abstiegsregelung der Bayernliga und der Landesligen für das Qualifikationsspieljahr 2011/2012 Archived 2011-09-05 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) Bavarian FA website - Regulations for promotion and relegation in 2012, accessed: 16 July 2011
  2. ^ Die neue Landesliga-Einteilung (in German) fupa.net, Map of the new Landesligas with all 2012-13 clubs, accessed: 13 June 2012
  3. ^ a b Die Bayernliga 1945-1997 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1998, page: 55 & 56, accessed: 29 June 2009
  4. ^ Die Bayernliga 1945-1997 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1998, page: 116, accessed: 26 June 2009
  5. ^ Attraktive Gegner, regionale Einteilung, weniger Fahrtkosten (in German) BFV website, published: 12 February 2011, accessed: 29 April 2011
  6. ^ a b Tables and results of the Landesliga Bayern-Mitte (in German) Manfreds Fussball Archiv, accessed: 4 February 2011
  7. ^ Spielordnung: § 14 (2) Feststellung des Meisters (in German) BFV website - Rules of the game: § 14 (2) How to determine the league champion, accessed: 7 February 2011
  8. ^ All-time table of the Landesliga Mitte 1963-2010, publisher: Manfred Herzing, accessed: 7 February 2011
  9. ^ Das deutsche Fussball Archiv: Landesliga Bayern-Mitte (in German) Historic German league tables, accessed: 7 February 2011
  10. ^ Geschichte Archived 2012-03-23 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) SpVgg Grün-Weiß Deggendorf website, accessed: 3 May 2011
  11. ^ Der Verein von 1873 bis heute (in German) SV 73 Nürnberg-Süd website, accessed: 3 May 2011

Sources[edit]

  • Die Bayernliga 1945 - 1997, (in German) published by the DSFS, 1998
  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (in German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (in German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll
  • 50 Jahre Bayrischer Fussball-Verband (in German) 50-year-anniversary book of the Bavarian FA, publisher: Vindelica Verlag, published: 1996

External links[edit]