The Landgericht Berlin is a regional court in Berlin, divided into two divisions for civil and criminal cases. In the German court hierarchy, it is above the eleven local courts (Amtsgerichte) of the city and below the Kammergericht, which is the highest regional court of Berlin. The Landgericht Berlin is the largest Landgericht in Germany, with about 900 employees.
Following the 1920 Greater Berlin Act, Berlin had three Landgerichte, known as Landgericht Berlin I, II and III for the central, southern and northern districts of the city. These courts became one single Landgericht, the Landgericht Berlin, in July 1933 by decision by the acting Prussian Justice Minister Hanns Kerrl. He appointed Richard Hoffmann, until May 1933 a lawyer in Magdeburg, as first president of the Landgericht Berlin.
During Berlin's division after World War II the Landgericht building in Berlin-Mitte also contained several city-related courts as well as the Supreme Court and the State Prosecutors Office of East Germany.
Today the chambers of the court are distributed over three sites in the city: civil cases are heard in the building of the former Landgericht III on Tegeler Weg in Charlottenburg and also at the seat of the former Landgericht I on Littenstraße in Berlin-Mitte. All criminal cases are concentrated at the Criminal Court (Kriminalgericht) on Turmstraße in Moabit.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Landgericht Berlin.|
- Gesetz zur Umgestaltung des Gerichtswesens in Berlin vom 26. April 1933 (PrGS), p. 125 (German)
- Lothar Gruchmann: Justiz im Dritten Reich 1933–1940. Anpassung und Unterwerfung in der Ära Gürtner München 1990, p. 229 (German)
- Ernst Reuß: Millionäre fahren nicht auf Fahrrädern. Justizalltag im Nachkriegsberlin. Berlin 2012. (German)
- "Jahresbericht 2013 der Rechtsanwaltskammer Berlin XVIII: Mitgliederstatistik, S. 33" (PDF) (in German). Rechtsanwaltskammer Berlin, www.rak-berlin.de. 6 February 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014.