In online marketing, a landing page, sometimes known as a "lead capture page" or a "lander", is a single web page that appears in response to clicking on a search engine optimized search result or an online advertisement. The landing page will usually display directed sales copy that is a logical extension of the advertisement, search result or link.
Landing pages are often linked to from social media, email campaigns or search engine marketing campaigns in order to enhance the effectiveness of the advertisements. The general goal of a landing page is to convert site visitors into sales or leads. If the goal is to obtain a lead, the landing page will include some method for the visitor to get into contact, usually a phone number, or an inquiry form. If a sale is required, the landing page will usually have a link for the visitor to click, which will then send them to a shopping cart or checkout area. By analyzing activity generated by the linked URL, marketers can use click-through rates and conversion rate to determine the success of an advertisement. The design of the landing page layout matters and this should be tested with different ideas and page layout styles to see what converts and works better 
Types of landing pages
There are two types of landing pages: reference and transactional.
Reference landing page
A reference landing page presents information that is relevant to the visitor. These can display text, images, dynamic compilations of relevant links, or other elements.
Transactional landing pages
The purpose of the transactional landing page is to persuade a visitor to take action by completing a transaction. This is accomplished by providing a form that needs to be filled out. The visitor information is obtained in order to add the visitor’s email address to a mailing list as a prospect. An email campaign can then be developed based on responses to transactional landing pages. The goal is to capture as much information about the visitor as possible. The ultimate goal is to convert the visitor into a customer.
Origin of landing pages
Landing pages originated with Microsoft in late 2003, formed by their IT departments in response to poor online sales of Office. The process was tedious and time-consuming, however, and as a result, several American startups were formed to simplify and streamline the process. The rise of cloud computing and e-commerce around 2009 provided ideal conditions for these startups to flourish. Since then the customer requirements changed, requesting integrations with other solutions such as email marketing, lead nurturing and customer relationship management systems.
- Conversion path
- Home page
- Landing page optimization
- Multivariate testing in marketing
- Multivariate landing page optimization
- Online marketing
- Pay per click
- Search engine marketing
- Social media optimization
- Ash, Tim. Landing Page Optimization: The Definitive Guide to Testing and Tuning for Conversions. Wiley Publishing. ISBN 0-470-17462-5.
- "TIPS FOR BETTER LANDING PAGE DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION INFOGRAPHIC" Vab Media January 04, 2014.