Märkisch-Oderland

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Märkisch-Oderland
Coat of arms of Märkisch-Oderland
Coat of arms
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
CapitalSeelow
Area
 • Total2,127.7 km2 (821.5 sq mi)
Population
(31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total192,921
 • Density91/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationMOL (former: FRW, SEE, SRB)
Websitemaerkisch-oderland.de

Märkisch-Oderland is a Landkreis (district) in the eastern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring are (from the north clockwise) the district Barnim, the country Poland, the district-free city Frankfurt (Oder), the district Oder-Spree and the Bundesland Berlin. The administrative seat is Seelow but the largest town is Strausberg.

Geography[edit]

The district extends from the outskirts of Berlin in the west to the Oder river and the Polish border in the east. It includes a swampy area along the Oder known as the Oderbruch, about 60 km in length and 17 km in width. The Oderbruch was partially drained and populated in the 18th century. The rest of the district is mainly agricultural land.

History[edit]

The district dates back to the district Lebus and the district Oberbarnim, which were both created in 1816. The district Lebus dates back to the Land Lebus, the region around the town of Lebus. In 1863 Seelow became the seat of the administration of the district Lebus, and in 1950 the district was renamed to Kreis Seelow. In 1952 the districts were split into three parts, the districts Bad Freienwalde, Seelow and Strausberg. In 1993 the three parts were merged to form the current district - the new name refers to Northmarch lands at the Oder river.

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Märkisch-Oderland: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 137,225—    
1890 134,950−0.11%
1910 141,360+0.23%
1925 157,667+0.73%
1933 166,664+0.70%
1939 177,555+1.06%
1946 176,605−0.08%
1950 192,609+2.19%
1964 184,838−0.29%
1971 186,206+0.11%
1981 178,519−0.42%
1985 178,762+0.03%
1989 176,596−0.30%
1990 174,356−1.27%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 171,572−1.60%
1992 170,995−0.34%
1993 169,985−0.59%
1994 170,631+0.38%
1995 172,577+1.14%
1996 175,033+1.42%
1997 178,958+2.24%
1998 182,968+2.24%
1999 186,573+1.97%
2000 188,277+0.91%
2001 189,634+0.72%
2002 190,678+0.55%
2003 191,729+0.55%
2004 192,131+0.21%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 192,122−0.00%
2006 191,998−0.06%
2007 191,640−0.19%
2008 191,241−0.21%
2009 191,067−0.09%
2010 190,502−0.30%
2011 187,085−1.79%
2012 186,925−0.09%
2013 187,668+0.40%
2014 188,422+0.40%
2015 190,714+1.22%
2016 191,685+0.51%
2017 192,921+0.64%

Coat of arms[edit]

District banner includes the coat of arms

The coat of arms shows the eagle of Brandenburg in the upper half. The upper half also resembles the coat of arms of the former district Oberbarnim. In the lower half are two boat-hooks and a star, both taken from the coat of arms of the former district Seelow. The wavy line in the bottom represents the Oder river.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Altlandsberg
  2. Bad Freienwalde
  3. Müncheberg
  4. Seelow
  5. Strausberg
  6. Wriezen

Amt-free municipalities

  1. Fredersdorf-Vogelsdorf
  2. Hoppegarten
  3. Letschin
  4. Neuenhagen bei Berlin
  5. Petershagen-Eggersdorf
  6. Rüdersdorf bei Berlin

1. Barnim-Oderbruch
[seat: Wriezen]

  1. Bliesdorf
  2. Neulewin
  3. Neutrebbin
  4. Oderaue
  5. Prötzel
  6. Reichenow-Möglin

2. Falkenberg-Höhe

  1. Beiersdorf-Freudenberg
  2. Falkenberg1
  3. Heckelberg-Brunow
  4. Höhenland

3. Golzow

  1. Alt Tucheband
  2. Bleyen-Genschmar
  3. Golzow1
  4. Küstriner Vorland
  5. Zechin

4. Lebus

  1. Lebus1, 2
  2. Podelzig
  3. Reitwein
  4. Treplin
  5. Zeschdorf

5. Märkische Schweiz

  1. Buckow1, 2
  2. Garzau-Garzin
  3. Oberbarnim
  4. Rehfelde
  5. Waldsieversdorf

6. Neuhardenberg

  1. Gusow-Platkow
  2. Märkische Höhe
  3. Neuhardenberg1

7. Seelow-Land
[seat: Seelow]

  1. Falkenhagen
  2. Fichtenhöhe
  3. Lietzen
  4. Lindendorf
  5. Vierlinden
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°38′N 14°8′E / 52.633°N 14.133°E / 52.633; 14.133