Mittelsachsen

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Mittelsachsen
Coat of arms of Mittelsachsen
Coat of arms
Saxony FG.svg
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
CapitalFreiberg
Area
 • Total2,112 km2 (815 sq mi)
Population
(31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total308,153
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationFG, BED, DL, FLÖ, HC, MW, RL
Websitewww.landkreis-mittelsachsen.de

Mittelsachsen ("Central Saxony") is a district (Kreis) in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.

History[edit]

The district was established by merging the former districts of Döbeln, Freiberg and Mittweida as part of the district reform of August 2008.

Geography[edit]

The district stretches from the Erzgebirge ("Ore Mountains") on the Czech Republic–Germany border to the plains between Leipzig and Dresden. The district borders (from the west and clockwise) the state Thuringia, the districts of Leipzig, Nordsachsen, Meißen, Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge, the Czech Republic, Erzgebirgskreis, the urban district Chemnitz, and the district of Zwickau.

The geography of the district varies considerably, stretching from the northern part which almost reaches the North German Plain, to the southern part in the mountainous Erzgebirge region. The lowest point is at 140 metres above sea level, in the valley of the Freiberger Mulde near Leisnig. The highest point is 855 metres above sea level on the Czech border.

The most important rivers in Mittelsachsen are the Zwickauer and Freiberger Mulde, and the Zschopau river. Other notable rivers include Bobritzsch, Striegis, Gimmlitz and Flöha. The district also contains the reservoirs Kriebstein, Lichtenberg and Ruaschenbach. Part of the Erzgebirge/Vogtland national park is located in the southern part of Mittelsachsen.

Politics[edit]

Coat of arms[edit]

In 2008, upon the creation of the Mittelsachsen district, the heraldic society "Schwarzer Löwe" in Leipzig, in collaboration with graphics studio Eberhard Heinicker, put forward several proposals for a new coat of arms. Six proposals in total were put to the district council. The district council eventually chose the current design on 10th June 2009. The coat of arms shows the lion of Meißen, representing the Margravate of Meissen, and a hammer and pick representing the local mining heritage. The blue waves are derived from the coat of arms of Mittweida, and the three black lozenges from the former arms of Döbeln.

District council[edit]

The elections for the Mittelsachsen district happened on 7th June 2015. The former mayor of Mittweida, Matthias Damm (CDU), won with an absolute majority (65.74% of votes).

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

The district is crossed by three Autobahns: A4, A14, and A72. Several Bundesstraßen (federal highways) also cross through Mittelsachsen, including the 101 (Berlin to Aue) and 7 (Düsseldorf to Chemnitz).

Rail[edit]

Several railways cross through the Mittelsachsen district, most notably the Dresden–Werdau railway servicing Freiberg and Flöha, among others. There are no long distance railway connections in Mittelsachsen, but such connections are easily reachable by taking regional trains to Dresden, Chemnitz or Leipzig. Freiberg is included in the Dresden S-Bahn network. The entire district is served by the Verkehrsbund Mittelsachsen.

Flight[edit]

The closest airports for commercial travel are Leipzig–Altenburg Airport (15km), Dresden Airport (28km), and Leipzig/Halle Airport (58km). However, there is an airfield at Langhennersdorf which is used for recreational flight.

Academic Education[edit]

The Landkreis is home to two universities, the TU Bergakademie in Freiberg (focused on Geo-science) and the University of Applied Sciences in Mittweida (MINT, Social, Media).[2]

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Towns Municipalities
  1. Augustusburg
  2. Brand-Erbisdorf
  3. Burgstädt
  4. Döbeln
  5. Flöha
  6. Frankenberg
  7. Frauenstein
  8. Freiberg
  9. Geringswalde
  10. Großschirma
  11. Hainichen
  12. Hartha
  13. Leisnig
  14. Lunzenau
  15. Mittweida
  16. Oederan
  17. Penig
  18. Rochlitz
  19. Roßwein
  20. Sayda
  21. Waldheim
  1. Altmittweida
  2. Bobritzsch-Hilbersdorf
  3. Claußnitz
  4. Dorfchemnitz
  5. Eppendorf
  6. Erlau
  7. Großhartmannsdorf
  8. Großweitzschen
  9. Halsbrücke
  10. Hartmannsdorf
  11. Königsfeld
  12. Königshain-Wiederau
  13. Kriebstein
  14. Leubsdorf
  15. Lichtenau
  16. Lichtenberg
  1. Mühlau
  2. Mulda
  3. Neuhausen
  4. Niederwiesa
  5. Oberschöna
  6. Ostrau
  7. Rechenberg-Bienenmühle
  8. Reinsberg
  9. Rossau
  10. Seelitz
  11. Striegistal
  12. Taura
  13. Wechselburg
  14. Weißenborn
  15. Zettlitz
  16. Zschaitz-Ottewig

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2017 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). October 2018.
  2. ^ Landkreis Website

External links[edit]

Media related to Landkreis Mittelsachsen at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 50°55′N 13°11′E / 50.917°N 13.183°E / 50.917; 13.183