Landmannalaugar

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The campsite in the Landmannalaugar valley
The mountain Háalda [ˈhauːˌalta] seen from Vondugil [ˈvɔntʏˌcɪːl̥]. The photo was taken a few kilometres west of the camp site in Landmannalaugar.
The camp site in Landmannalaugar
Landmannalaugar
The mountains at Landmannalaugar

Landmannalaugar (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈlantˌmanːaˌlœiːɣar̥] (listen)) is a location in Iceland's Fjallabak [ˈfjatlaˌpaːk] Nature Reserve in the Highlands.[1] It is at the edge of the Laugahraun [ˈlœiːɣaˌr̥œiːn] lava field, formed in an eruption in approximately 1477.[2] It is known for its natural geothermal hot springs and surrounding landscape.

Landmannalaugar is at the northern end of the Laugavegur hiking trail, and the Iceland Touring Association operates a mountain hut with accommodation for hikers.[3] During the tourist high season, a small shop and a horse tour agency operate there, as well as the ICE-SAR highland patrol in Fjallabak. Several bus companies have regular trips to and from Landmannalaugar during the tourist season.

Routes[edit]

Four routes lead to Landmannalaugar, and one of them is accessible by regular car, though the road is rough, with large stones on the road and washboard sections. Rented cars are not allowed on either road, as F roads are usually only intended for four-wheel-drive vehicles. The most accessible route to Landmannalaugar is via Road 30 from the main road and into Road 32, across the Sultartangi [ˈsʏl̥tarˌtʰauɲcɪ] hydro-electric dam, going onto F26, then F208, and just before arriving in Landmannalaugar, making a right turn onto F224. Road 26 can also be reached directly from Rd. 1 just before the small village of Hella, passing through a typical Icelandic farmland landscape. There are also roads leading to Landmannalaugar from the east via Eldgjá or the north via Sprengisandur, both 4WD roads only.

Activities[edit]

Hiking[edit]

Landmannalaugar is famous for its hiking trails. The most popular routes include the 2-hour hike through the Laugahraun [ˈlœiːɣaˌr̥œiːn] lava field to Mt. Brennisteinsalda ("Sulphur Wave"), the 1-hour hike up Mt. Bláhnjúkur ("Blue Peak"), and the 4-hour hike to Ljótipollur [ˈljouːtɪˌpʰɔtlʏr̥] crater lake ("Ugly Puddle"). Landmannalaugar can also be the starting point of several longer hiking trails, such as the 3- to 4-day Hellismannaleið [ˈhɛtlɪsˌmanːaˌleiːθ] route at the base of the Hekla volcano and the Sprengisandur route for hikers prepared to travel through the volcanic desert.

Landmannalaugar is the usual starting point for a four-day-long hiking trail called Laugavegur, whose name means "The Landmannalaugar Trail"—"Laugar" being a shortened version for "Landmannalaugar". The standard four-day hike ends in Thórsmörk, but one or two days can be added to trek all the way to Skógar near the coast via Fimmvörðuháls between the two glaciers, Eyjafjallajökull and Mýrdalsjökull.

The huts on the Laugavegur and Fimmvörðuháls trails are (from north to south):

  • Landmannalaugar
  • Hrafntinnusker
  • Álftavatn
  • Hvanngil
  • Botnar
  • Thórsmörk
  • Fimmvörðuháls

Other activities[edit]

Icelandic horse riding has been available in the area each summer. The horse riding trips visit places which can often be difficult to access on foot, and not accessible by car (as there are no official roads), such as into Jökulgil [ˈjœːkʏlˌcɪːl̥] (Glacier Valley). Arctic char fishing takes place in Landmannalaugar and nearby lakes. From late June and through the summer, a shop called the Mountain Mall is operated inside a green American school bus from the 1970s, which stocks groceries and camping items. The buses operate in June through September. In the winter, the hut is used as a base for cross-country skiing.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Auglýsing um friðland að Fjallabaki". Stjórnartíðindi B, nr. 354/1979. August 13. 1979. Retrieved on August 21. 2014. (in Icelandic)
  2. ^ Sigurður Steinþórsson. "Í hvaða gosi myndaðist hraunið hjá Landmannalaugum og hvaða ár?". The Icelandic Web of Science July 4. 2008. Retrieved on 21 August 2014. (in Icelandic)
  3. ^ "LANDMANNALAUGAR HUT" Archived 2007-10-08 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 21 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Landmannalaugar Cross Country Skiing Tour | Icelandic Mountain Guides". Mountainguides.is. Retrieved 2016-08-21.

External links[edit]

Information:

Photos:

Videos:

Coordinates: 63°58′59″N 19°04′01″W / 63.983°N 19.067°W / 63.983; -19.067