Landmarks of the Philippines
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Amusement/National/Natural Parks and Monuments
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|Bataan National Park||Bataan||Central Luzon|
|Biak-na-Bato National Park||Bulacan||Central Luzon|
|Enchanted Kingdom||Santa Rosa||Laguna||CALABARZON|
|Kalbario-Patapat Natural Park||Ilocos Norte||Ilocos Region||The natural park was established on April 20, 2007 by Proclamation no. 1275 encompassing 3,800 hectares (9,400 acres) with a buffer zone of 1,937 hectares (4,790 acres). The park was created under the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources.|
|MacArthur Landing Memorial National Park||Palo||Leyte||Eastern Visayas||It was declared a national park on 12 July 1977 through Letter of Instructions No. 572 signed by President Ferdinand Marcos.|
|Manila Ocean Park||Ermita, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Mayon Volcano National Park||Albay||Bicol Region||First protected as a National Park in 1938, it was reclassified as a Natural Park in the year 2000.|
|Mount Apo Natural Park||Declared a National Park by Manuel L. Quezon through Proclamations No. 59 on May 9, 1936 and No. 35 on May 8, 1966|
|Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park||Occidental Mindoro||MIMAROPA||A protected sanctuary and home to the Tamaraws endemic to the island of Mindoro. Established as a National Park on November 9, 1970 by virtue of Republic Act No. 6148. Listed by ASEAN as one of the nine heritage parks in the Philippines in 2003. The park has also been nominated in the Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.|
|Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery||Nagcarlan||Laguna||CALABARZON||It is dubbed as the only underground cemetery in the country.|
|Paco Park||Paco, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||It was once Manila's municipal cemetery built by the Dominicans. Dr. Jose Protacio Rizal, Philippine National Hero, was secretly interred at Paco Park after his execution at Bagumbayan on December 30, 1896, and was guarded for fifteen days by the Guardia Civil Veterana. His remains were exhumed on August 17, 1898 and on December 30, 1912 was laid underneath the monument dedicated to him at the Luneta as stated in the Park's marker.|
|Quezon Memorial Circle||Quezon City||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||Its main feature is a tall mausoleum containing the remains of Manuel L. Quezon, the second official President of the Philippines and the first of an internationally recognized independent Philippines, and his wife, First Lady Aurora Quezon.|
|Rizal Park||Roxas Boulevard, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||The park was a tribute to the Philippine's national hero, Jose Rizal, a doctor and novelist who was shot by firing squad at this site on December 30, 1896.|
|Salinas Natural Monument||Nueva Vizcaya||Central Luzon||The park was established on 18 May 1914 as the Salinas Forest Reserve covering the Salinas Salt Springs and surrounding forest through Executive Order No. 44 signed by Governor-General Francis Burton Harrison. It was finally declared a natural monument in 2000 under the National Integrated Protected Areas System through Proclamation No. 275 by President Joseph Estrada.|
|Star City||CCP Complex, Pasay||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
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|Antipolo Cathedral||Antipolo City||Rizal||CALABARZON||On 14 January 1954, the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines declared the new Antipolo Church as declared the National Shrine to Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage. The church was elevated to the status of cathedral on 25 June 1983, upon the canonical erection of the Diocese of Antipolo.|
|Baclaran Church||Baclaran, Parañaque||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||Since the Feast of the Immaculate Conception 1958, the shrine has been authorised by the Holy See to remain open 24 hours a day throughout the entire year. The shrine itself was blessed by Pope John Paul II during his first Apostolic Visit to Metro Manila in 1981.|
|Baclayon Church||Baclayon||Bohol||Central Visayas||It was severely damaged when a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Bohol and other parts of Central Visayas on October 15, 2013.|
|Baguio Cathedral||Baguio||Benguet||Cordillera Administrative Region||The site where the cathedral currently stands was a hill referred to as Kampo by the Ibaloi people. In 1907, a Catholic mission was established at the site by Belgian missionaries from the Congregatio Immaculati Cordis Mariae, which they later called Mount Mary.|
|Barasoain Church||Malolos||Bulacan||Central Luzon||Site of the First Philippine Republic.|
|Basilica del Santo Niño||Cebu City||Cebu||Central Visayas||In 1965, during the 4th centenary of the Christianization of the Philippines, Pope Paul VI elevated the church to the rank of minor basilica.|
On October 15, 2013, the bell tower of the church was destroyed when a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Bohol and other parts of Central Visayas.
|Basilica Minore of Our Lady of Charity||Agoo||La Union||Ilocos Region||On July 15, 1982, Pope John Paul II gave due course to the petition of Bishop Salvador Lazo of the Diocese of San Fernando, La Union that the Shrine of Our Lady of Charity be endowed with the title of a Minor Basilica.|
|Basilica of Our Lady of Piat||Piat||Cagayan||Cagayan Valley||On June 22, 1989, it was made into a minor basilica by Pope John Paul II.|
|Basilica of Saint Martin of Tours||Taal||Batangas||CALABARZON||Asia's largest Catholic church.|
On December 8, 1954, the church was elevated into a minor basilica by Pope Pius XII.
|Binondo Church||Binondo, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||On 1956, the church was made into a minor basilica by Pope Pius XII.|
|Cagayan de Oro Cathedral||Cagayan de Oro||Misamis Oriental||Northern Mindanao||During its early history, it was believed that the first church structure built in present-day Cagayan de Oro (formerly, Cagayan de Misamis) was erected in 1624 by the Augustinian Recollects under the leadership of Father Agustin de San Pedro.|
|Cathedral of Praise||Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Central United Methodist Church||Ermita, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||Founded on 5 March 1899 during the American Occupation, it was originally named Central Methodist Episcopal Church. The church was originally designed by Juan Arellano.|
|Church of the Gesù||Quezon City||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Cosmopolitan Church||Ermita, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Ermita Church||Ermita, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||The church is home to the Marian image of Our Lady of Guidance, which is considered to be the oldest Marian image in the Philippines, and in whose honor the church is officially named after and dedicated to.|
|Iglesia Evangelica Metodista en las Islas Filipinas||Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Iglesia ni Cristo||Quezon City||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Imus Cathedral||Imus||Cavite||CALABARZON||The cathedral was declared a structure of historical significance with the placing of a historical marker by then National Historical Institute of the Philippines on November 13, 2006.|
|Jaro Cathedral||Jaro, Iloilo City||Iloilo||Western Visayas||The Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines formally declared the cathedral the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Candles (Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria) on February 2012.|
|Las Piñas Church||Las Piñas||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||The church is home to the famous Bamboo Organ.|
|Loboc Church||Loboc||Bohol||Central Visayas||It was severely damaged when a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Bohol and other parts of Central Visayas on October 15, 2013.|
|Loon Church||Loon||Bohol||Central Visayas||It was severely damaged when a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck Bohol and other parts of Central Visayas on October 15, 2013.|
|Malate Church||Malate, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||The church is dedicated to Nuestra Señora de los Remedios ("Our Lady of Remedies"), the patroness of childbirth.|
|Malolos Cathedral||Malolos||Bulacan||Central Luzon||On December 4, 1999, it was elevated into a minor basilica by Pope John Paul II.|
|Manila Cathedral||Intramuros, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||On 27 April 1981, Pope John Paul II issued papal bull Quod Ipsum designating the cathedral as a minor basilica by his own Motu Proprio.|
|Maribojoc Church||Maribojoc||Bohol||Central Visayas|
|Miagao Church||Miagao||Iloilo||Western Visayas||The church was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on December 11, 1993 under the collective title Baroque Churches of the Philippines, a collection of four Baroque Spanish-era churches.|
|Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception||Batangas City||Batangas||CALABARZON||On February 13, 1945, the church was declared a Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception by Pope Pius XII.|
|Minor Basilica of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary of Manaoag||Manaoag||Pangasinan||Ilocos Region||In February 2015, the Shrine of Our Lady of The Rosary of Manaoag was elevated to a minor basilica by Pope Francis.|
|Naga Cathedral||Naga||Camarines Sur||Bicol Region||The first cathedral built for Naga was founded after the Diocese of Cáceres was established in 1595. It is a suffragan of the Diocese of Manila created by the papal bull of 14 August 1595, which also elevated the Diocese of Manila into an archdiocese. The church was destroyed by fire in 1768.|
|Nuestra Señora de Gracia Church||Makati||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Our Lady of Montserrat Abbey||Mendiola, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Our Lady of the Abandoned Parish Church||Marikina||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Nagcarlan Church||Nagcarlan||Laguna||CALABARZON||The church is famous for its Underground Cemetery which was built in 1845.|
|Paoay Church||Paoay||Ilocos Norte||Ilocos Region||It is declared as a National Cultural Treasure by the Philippine government in 1973 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the collective group of Baroque Churches of the Philippines in 1993.|
|Parañaque Cathedral||Parañaque||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Parish of the Holy Sacrifice||Quezon City||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Pasig Cathedral||Pasig||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Peñafrancia Basilica||Naga||Camarines Sur||Bicol Region||On May 22, 1985, the church was consecrated into a minor basilica Pope John Paul II.|
|Philippine Independent Church||Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Pinaglabanan Church||San Juan||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Quiapo Church||Quiapo, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||On 1988, the church was made Basilica by Pope John Paul II thru the initiative of Jaime Cardinal Sin and Papal Nuncio, Most Rev. Bruno Torpigliani.|
|Saint James the Apostle Parish Church||Paete||Laguna||CALABARZON||The church is known for its huge and exqusite collection of images depicting the Passion of Christ, its century-old paintings and wooden images of saints.|
|Sampaloc Church||Sampaloc, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|San Agustin Church||Intramuros, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||In 1993, San Agustin Church was one of four Philippine churches constructed during the Spanish colonial period to be designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, under the collective title Baroque Churches of the Philippines.|
|San Bartolome Church||Malabon||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|San Fernando de Dilao Church||Paco, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||On February 7, 2012, the church was designated as pro-cathedral of the Archdiocese of Manila until structural renovations on the Cathedral-Basilica of the Immaculate Conception were completed on April 9, 2014.|
|San Miguel Church||San Miguel, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|San Pedro Macati Church||Makati||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|San Sebastian Cathedral||Bacolod City||Negros Occidental||Negros Island Region|
|San Sebastian Church||Quiapo, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||Only prefabricated steel church in the world.|
Only all-steel temple in Asia,
On June 24, 1980, it was elevated into a minor basilica by Pope John Paul II.
|Santa Cruz Church||Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Santa Maria Church||Santa Maria||Ilocos Sur||Ilocos Region||The church was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on December 11, 1993 as part of the Baroque Churches of the Philippines, a collection of four Baroque Spanish-era churches.|
|Santo Domingo Church||Quezon Avenue, Quezon City||Metro Manila||National Capital Region||On October 4, 2012, it was declared as a National Culture Treasure through Republic Act No. 4846, otherwise known as the Cultural Properties Preservation and Protection Act making it as the first national culture treasure in Quezon City.|
|Santuario del Santo Cristo||San Juan||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|St. Anthony Shrine||Sampaloc, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
|Tayabas Basilica||Tayabas||Quezon||CALABARZON||Largest Catholic church in Quezon.|
On October 18, 1988, the title Minor Basilica was conferred upon the church by Pope John Paul II and the Congregation for Divine Cult.
|Tondo Church||Tondo, Manila||Metro Manila||National Capital Region|
Cultural & Historical Landmarks
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Urban Architecture Landmarks
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Notes and references
- "PROTECTED AREAS IN REGION 1". Biodiversity Management Bureau.
- "LETTER OF INSTRUCTIONS NO. 572". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library.
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- "Republic Act No. 6148 — An Act Declaring Mount Iglit, Mount Baco and the Adjoining Areas Situated in Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro and Bongabon, Oriental Mindoro as a National Park, Authorizing the Appropriation of Funds Necessary for the Development Thereof and For Other Purposes". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
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Near where Recto avenue becomes Mendiola Street is San Sebastian Church, reputedly the only prefabricated steel church in the world.
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- Layug, p. 88. "The basilica is the first and the only all-steel church in Asia, the second in the world after the Eiffel Tower of Paris (French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel himself is also rumored to have been involved in the basilica's construction) "
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