Landquart, Switzerland

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Landquart
Mastrils village in Landquart
Mastrils village in Landquart
Coat of arms of Landquart
Coat of arms
Landquart is located in Switzerland
Landquart
Landquart
Landquart is located in Canton of Graubünden
Landquart
Landquart
Coordinates: 46°58′N 9°32′E / 46.967°N 9.533°E / 46.967; 9.533Coordinates: 46°58′N 9°32′E / 46.967°N 9.533°E / 46.967; 9.533
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Landquart
Government
 • Executive Gemeindevorstand
with 7 members
 • Mayor Gemeindepräsident
Ernst Nigg
(as of March 2014)
Area[1]
 • Total 18.86 km2 (7.28 sq mi)
Elevation 550 m (1,800 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 8,822
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Postal code 7303, 7206
SFOS number 3955
Localities Igis, Mastrils, Landquart
Surrounded by Bad Ragaz (SG), Maienfeld, Malans, Pfäfers (SG), Untervaz, Valzeina, Zizers
Website www.landquart.ch
SFSO statistics

Landquart is a municipality in the Landquart Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. It was formed when the municipalities of Igis and Mastrils merged on 1 January 2012 into the new municipality of Landquart.[3] The municipality "Landquart" draws its name from a locality in the former municipality of Igis.

History[edit]

Igis is first mentioned about 840 as Ovinae/Aviuns. In 1149 it was mentioned as Auuine, in 1225 as Huiuns and in 1253 as Yges.[4] Mastrils is first mentioned in 1318 as Ponstrils. In 1345 it was mentioned as Bastrils.[5]

Geography[edit]

The new municipality has a total area of 18.86 km2 (7.28 sq mi).[1]

Demographics[edit]

Mastrils has a population (as of December 2015) of 8,822.[2]

Historic Population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[6]

Sightseeing and culture[edit]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Marschlins Castle and the surrounding grounds are listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[7] The castle is the family castle of the noble family of Salis-Marschlins.

Castles[edit]

North wall of Falkenstein Castle

In addition to the Marschlins Castle, Landquart is also home to the ruins of Falkenstein Castle.

Churchs[edit]

  • The Roman Catholic Church of St. Fidelis was built in 1908 in Landquart village.
  • The current Reformed church in Igis village was built to its current appearance in 1486. At that time, the nave was extended to the south and the choir was expanded. The main portal was also built in 1486, as this date is carved into the stone. The paintings on the north-east wall date from before the 1486 renovation. It is believed that this wall is part of St. Damian's Church in Ovine that was mentioned in 841, though this identification is debated. Part of the identification rests on the fact that the bell of the church contains an inscription that indicates that it was dedicated to Cosmas and Damian. Regardless, the current church is clearly mentioned about 1300 in the records of Pfäfers Abbey.[8]
  • The Church in Landquart village was built in the 20th Century as the village section grew. The land was acquired in 1914, though construction began only in 1925. Construction finished on 11 January 1926.[9]

Arriving at Landquart railway station you may also want to continue by foot in a multiday hike towards Klosters on the Prättigauer Höhenweg[10] instead of using the Rhaetian Railway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 21 December 2011
  4. ^ Igis in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Mastrils in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21 November 2008 version, (German) accessed 15 October 2009
  8. ^ History of the Igis Church (German)
  9. ^ History of the Landquart Church (German)
  10. ^ Hiking Switzerland Landquart-Klosters, Graubünden

External links[edit]