Landquart, Switzerland

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Landquart
Mastrils village in Landquart
Mastrils village in Landquart
Coat of arms of Landquart
Coat of arms
Landquart is located in Switzerland
Landquart
Landquart
Landquart is located in Canton of Graubünden
Landquart
Landquart
Coordinates: 46°58′N 9°32′E / 46.967°N 9.533°E / 46.967; 9.533Coordinates: 46°58′N 9°32′E / 46.967°N 9.533°E / 46.967; 9.533
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Landquart
Government
 • Executive Gemeindevorstand
with 7 members
 • Mayor Gemeindepräsident
Ernst Nigg
(as of March 2014)
Area[1]
 • Total 18.86 km2 (7.28 sq mi)
Elevation 550 m (1,800 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 8,854
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Postal code 7303, 7206
SFOS number 3955
Localities Igis, Mastrils, Landquart
Surrounded by Bad Ragaz (SG), Maienfeld, Malans, Pfäfers (SG), Untervaz, Valzeina, Zizers
Website www.landquart.ch
SFSO statistics

Landquart is a municipality in the Landquart Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. It was formed when the municipalities of Igis and Mastrils merged on 1 January 2012 into the new municipality of Landquart.[3] The municipality "Landquart" draws its name from a locality in the former municipality of Igis.

History[edit]

Igis is first mentioned about 840 as Ovinae/Aviuns. In 1149 it was mentioned as Auuine, in 1225 as Huiuns and in 1253 as Yges.[4] Mastrils is first mentioned in 1318 as Ponstrils. In 1345 it was mentioned as Bastrils.[5]

Geography[edit]

Landquart has an area, (based on the 2004/09 survey) of 18.86 km2 (7.28 sq mi).[1] Of this area, about 34.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 45.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 15.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and 4.8% is unproductive land. In the 2004/09 survey a total of 183 ha (450 acres) or about 9.7% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 54 ha (130 acres) over the 1985 amount. Of the agricultural land, 28 ha (69 acres) is used for orchards and vineyards, 602 ha (1,490 acres) is fields and grasslands and 74 ha (180 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1985 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 74 ha (180 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 13 ha (32 acres). Rivers and lakes cover 55 ha (140 acres) in the municipality.[6][7]

Demographics[edit]

Landquart has a population (as of December 2016) of 8,854.[2] As of 2015, 20.2% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 5 years (2010-2015) the population has changed at a rate of 6.47%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2015, was 9.7, while the death rate was 7.1 per thousand residents.[7]

As of 2015, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 19.6% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 63.9% of the population and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 16.6%.[7] In 2015 there were 3,566 single residents, 4,134 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 415 widows or widowers and 707 divorced residents.[8]

In 2015 there were 3,812 private households in Landquart with an average household size of 2.29 persons. In 2015 about 60.2% of all buildings in the municipality were single family homes, which is greater than the percentage in the canton (49.4%) and about the same as the percentage nationally (57.4%).[9] In 2014 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 14.73. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2016, was 0.6%.[7]

Historic Population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[10]

Sightseeing and culture[edit]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Marschlins Castle and the surrounding grounds are listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[11] The castle is the family castle of the noble family of Salis-Marschlins.

Castles[edit]

North wall of Falkenstein Castle

In addition to the Marschlins Castle, Landquart is also home to the ruins of Falkenstein Castle.

Churchs[edit]

  • The Roman Catholic Church of St. Fidelis was built in 1908 in Landquart village.
  • The current Reformed church in Igis village was built to its current appearance in 1486. At that time, the nave was extended to the south and the choir was expanded. The main portal was also built in 1486, as this date is carved into the stone. The paintings on the north-east wall date from before the 1486 renovation. It is believed that this wall is part of St. Damian's Church in Ovine that was mentioned in 841, though this identification is debated. Part of the identification rests on the fact that the bell of the church contains an inscription that indicates that it was dedicated to Cosmas and Damian. Regardless, the current church is clearly mentioned about 1300 in the records of Pfäfers Abbey.[12]
  • The Church in Landquart village was built in the 20th Century as the village section grew. The land was acquired in 1914, though construction began only in 1925. Construction finished on 11 January 1926.[13]

Hiking trails[edit]

The Prättigauer Höhenweg begins at the Landquart railway station and ends at Klosters.[14]

Economy[edit]

Landquart is classed as a regional business center and is the center of the Landquart region.[15]

As of 2014, there were a total of 5,917 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 151 people worked in 38 businesses in the primary economic sector. There was one mid sized primary sector business with a total of 61 employees. The secondary sector employed 2,019 workers in 109 separate businesses. In 2014 a total of 761 employees worked in 103 small companies (less than 50 employees). There were 4 mid sized businesses with 476 employees and 2 large businesses which employed 782 people. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 3,747 jobs in 495 businesses. There were 53 small businesses with a total of 1,291 employees and 9 mid sized businesses with a total of 1,080 employees.[16] In 2015 a total of 14.7% of the population received social assistance.[7]

In 2011 the unemployment rate in the municipality was 2.3%.[17]

In 2015 there was one movie theater in the municipality with 98 seats.[18]

In 2015 the average cantonal, municipal and church tax rate in the municipality for a couple with two children making 80,000 SFr. was 3.7% while the rate for a single person making 150,000 SFr. was 15.8%, both of which are close to the average for the canton and the national average. In 2013 the average income in the municipality per tax payer was 69,894 SFr. and the per person average was 29,519 SFr., which is less than the cantonal average of 69,964 SFr. and 33,075 SFr. respectively It is also less than the national per tax payer average of 82,682 SFr. and the per person average of 35,825 SFr..[19]

Politics[edit]

In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP with 34.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (21.4%), the BDP (14.9%) and the CVP (11.4%). In the federal election, a total of 2,429 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 41.4%.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 21 December 2011
  4. ^ Igis in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Mastrils in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ "Arealstatistik Land Use - Gemeinden nach 10 Klassen". www.landuse-stat.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Regionalporträts 2017: Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 18 May 2017
  8. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht, Zivilstand und Geburtsort (in German) accessed 8 September 2016
  9. ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland - Anteil Einfamilienhäuser am gesamten Gebäudebestand, 2015 accessed 18 May 2017
  10. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 1 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. 21 November 2008 version, (in German) accessed 15 October 2009
  12. ^ History of the Igis Church (in German)
  13. ^ History of the Landquart Church (in German)
  14. ^ Hiking Switzerland Landquart-Klosters, Graubünden Archived 18 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ "Die Raumgliederungen der Schweiz 2016" (in German, French, Italian, and English). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 17 February 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  16. ^ Federal Statistical Office -Arbeitsstätten und Beschäftigte nach Gemeinde, Wirtschaftssektor und Grössenklasse accessed 31 October 2016
  17. ^ "Arbeitslosenquote 2011". Statistical Atlas of Switzerland. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  18. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Kinoinfrastruktur nach Gemeinde und Kinotyp (in German) accessed 9 August 2016
  19. ^ "18 - Öffentliche Finanzen > Steuern". Swiss Atlas. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  20. ^ "Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden" [National council elections 2015: strength of the parties and voter turnout by municipality] (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 

External links[edit]