Lands administrative divisions of South Australia
The lands administrative divisions of South Australia are the cadastral units of counties and hundreds in South Australia. They are located only in the south-eastern part of the state, and do not cover the whole state. A total of 540 hundreds have been proclaimed, although five were annulled in 1870, and, in some cases, the names reused elsewhere.
All South Australian hundreds have unique names, making it unnecessary, when referring to a hundred, to also name its county (as is done in some land administration systems such as that of New South Wales).
With the exception of the historic Hundred of Murray (1853–1870), which occupied parts of five counties, all hundreds have been defined as a subset of a single county.
Land division history
In the early days of European settlement in South Australia, land was released in the colony for farming in an orderly manner by the government. The government surveyor established a new area to be released by creating the boundaries of a county, and then dividing that into hundreds of approximately the same size. Hundreds were surveyed into sections of various sizes which were available for purchase. Most hundreds had a town near the middle, and smaller sections closer to the township. Contemporary definitions of rural real estate in South Australia still typically includes the section number(s) and hundred name.
A total of 540 hundreds were proclaimed in the state from 1846 to 1971, but only 535 exist today, following the discontinuation of the hundreds of Murray, Cooper, Randell, Giles and Morphett alongside the Murray River in 1870. A total of 561 names of hundreds are listed in the South Australian official gazetteer Placenames Online, with the 21 extra names unused today due to either renaming or failure to adopt proposed names.
Removal of German-origin names
In 1916, during the First World War, ten hundreds with names of German origin (Basedow, Homburg, Krichauff, North Rhine, Paech, Pflaum, Scherk, Schomburgk, South Rhine, Von Doussa) were proposed for renaming with Aboriginal names, but this only occurred for the hundreds of Paech and Pflaum which became the hundreds of Cannawigara and Geegeela, respectively. The remaining eight hundreds were renamed in 1918 with names derived from Allied commanders or battles. The hundreds of Basedow, Homburg, Krichauff, North Rhine, Scherk, Schomburgk, South Rhine and Von Doussa became, respectively, the hundreds of French, Haig, Beatty, Jellicoe, Sturdee, Maude, Jutland and Allenby.
List of counties
- Four of the hundreds in the County of Albert (Cooper, Randell, Giles and Morphett) were annulled in 1870 in conjunction with the annulment of the Hundred of Murray.
- The Hundred of Murray (proclaimed in 1853) which occupied parts of seven counties (Russell, Sturt, Albert, Eyre, Young, Hamley and Alfred), to follow the Murray River, was annulled in 1870. The numbers in the table do not include this hundred.
- In addition to the 24 proclaimed hundreds in the County of Robinson, the Hundred of McBeath was also proclaimed but apparently never gazetted.
List of hundreds
- "South Australian official gazetteer: Property Location Browser (Click Layers then tick Counties or Hundreds then zoom in to see Hundreds)". Government of South Australia.
- Leadbeater, Maureen M (5 June 2016). "Counties and Hundreds – South Australia". FamilyHistorySA.info. Retrieved 19 July 2016.