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Landsberg am Lech

Coordinates: 48°02′52″N 10°53′56″E / 48.04778°N 10.89889°E / 48.04778; 10.89889
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Landsberg am Lech
The Lech in Landsberg
The Lech in Landsberg
Coat of arms of Landsberg am Lech
Location of Landsberg am Lech within Landsberg am Lech district
AmmerseeAichach-FriedbergAugsburg (district)OstallgäuWeilheim-SchongauStarnberg (district)Fürstenfeldbruck (district)WindachWeilUtting am AmmerseeUnterdießenThainingPürgenSchwiftingSchondorfScheuringRottReichlingPrittrichingVilgertshofenPenzingObermeitingenLandsberg am LechKinsauKauferingIglingHurlachHofstettenGreifenbergGeltendorfFuchstalFinningEresingEgling an der PaarEching am AmmerseeDießen am AmmerseeDenklingenApfeldorf
Landsberg am Lech is located in Germany
Landsberg am Lech
Landsberg am Lech
Landsberg am Lech is located in Bavaria
Landsberg am Lech
Landsberg am Lech
Coordinates: 48°02′52″N 10°53′56″E / 48.04778°N 10.89889°E / 48.04778; 10.89889
Admin. regionOberbayern
DistrictLandsberg am Lech
Subdivisions6 Ortsteile
 • Lord mayor (2020–26) Doris Baumgartl[1]
 • Total57.89 km2 (22.35 sq mi)
Highest elevation
630 m (2,070 ft)
Lowest elevation
585 m (1,919 ft)
 • Total29,551
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes08191, 08246 (Ellighofen)
Vehicle registrationLL

Landsberg am Lech (Landsberg at the Lech) is a town in southwest Bavaria, Germany, about 65 kilometers west of Munich and 35 kilometers south of Augsburg. It is the capital of the district of Landsberg am Lech.


The historic old town
Bayertor, the gate to Munich

Landsberg is situated on the Romantic Road and is the center of the Lechrain region, the boundary region between Swabia and Bavaria. It is noted for its picturesque historic center.

Landsberg am Lech developed where a major historic salt road crossed over the Lech. To protect the bridge, Duke Henry the Lion ordered a castle to be built, Castrum Landespurch, incorporating an older settlement and castle named Phetine. Soon a greater settlement evolved, which received its town charter as early as the 13th century.

In 1315, the town burned down, but was rebuilt because of its important location. In 1320, Landsberg was permitted to collect salt duties, bringing considerable wealth to the town. In 1419, a river tax added a further source of income.

The town is noted for its prison where Adolf Hitler was incarcerated in 1924. During this incarceration Hitler wrote/dictated his book Mein Kampf together with Rudolf Hess. His cell, number 7, became part of the Nazi cult and many followers came to visit it during the German Nazi-period. Landsberg am Lech was also known as the town of the Hitler Youth.[3]

In the outskirts of this town existed a concentration camp, where over 30,000 victims were imprisoned under inhuman conditions, resulting in the death of around 14,500 of them.

After World War II it was the location for one of the largest displaced person (DP) camps for Jewish refugees and the place of execution for more than 150 war criminals after 1945.[4]

It is the birthplace of the Nobel laureate Erwin Neher.

Lech weir and the historic centre of Landsberg am Lech


Town areas[edit]

The town comprises three main areas. The historic old town centre of Landsberg, which lies between the river Lech and its easterly elevated bank. The area to the west of the Lech (Katharinenvorstadt, Neuerpfting, Weststadt, Schwaighofsiedlung – today by far the biggest part of the town) and the area on the easterly elevated bank (Bayervorstadt) developed since the early 19th century.

Also belonging to Landsberg are the hamlets of Sandau and Pössing as well as the former independent boroughs of Ellighofen, Erpfting (with Friedheim, Geratshof and Mittelstetten), Pitzling (with Pöring) and Reisch (with Thalhofen).

Landsberg Concentration Camp and displaced person camp[edit]

The Landsberg camp began in June 1944 as a Nazi concentration camp. By October 1944, there were more than 5,000 prisoners alive in the camp. Most of the remaining inmates who were able to walk were "evacuated" by the German in death marches in April 1945.

The camp was liberated on 27 April 1945 by the 12th Armored Division of the United States Army. Upon orders from General Taylor, the American forces allowed news media to record the atrocities, and ordered local German civilians and guards to reflect upon the dead and bury them bare-handed. A dramatization of the discovery and liberation of the camp was presented in Episode 9: Why We Fight of the Band of Brothers mini-series.[5]

After the liberation, it became a displaced person (DP) camp, primarily for Jewish refugees from the Soviet Union and the Baltic states. The DP camp closed on 15 October 1950.

In December 2019, Israeli academic and translator Ilana Hammerman wrote of the difficulties she encountered in trying to visit the site of the concentration camp and to find the memorial to the victims. She noted that "[f]or decades after the war, local residents and the authorities endeavored to ignore its existence and consign it to oblivion".[6] Since 1983 Anton Posset and the association called Landsberg im 20. Jahrhundert are working on the commemorating this part of history and established based on donations the European Holocaust Memorial on the former concentration camp Kaufering VII.[7]


The municipality has two railway stations, Landsberg (Lech) and Landsberg (Lech) Schule.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Landsberg am Lech is twinned with:[9]


Landsberg is home to the following sports clubs:

Club Sport League Established
TSV Landsberg Football Landesliga Bayern 1882
Landsberg Riverkings Ice hockey Regionalliga (Bayernliga) 2008
Landsberg X-PRESS American football Regionalliga Süd 2007
DJK Landsberg Basketball Regionalliga 1956
Jahn Landsberg Football A-Klasse Oberbayern 1923
Türkspor Landsberg Football A-Klasse Oberbayern --
Landsberg Cruisaders Baseball Bezirksliga Bayern 2003
Landsberg Kodiacs Softball Landesliga Bayern 2009
Landsberg BB-Dance Camp Dance Boogie Woogie Dance Festival 1987


  • Burgett, Daniel R. (2001). Beyond the Rhine. New York: Dell Publishing. pp. 119–134.
  • Thomas Raithel, Die Strafanstalt Landsberg am Lech und der Spöttinger Friedhof (1944-1958). Eine Dokumentation im Auftrag des Instituts für Zeitgeschichte München-Berlin (München: Oldenbourg 2009).


  1. ^ Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, 15 July 2021.
  2. ^ Genesis Online-Datenbank des Bayerischen Landesamtes für Statistik Tabelle 12411-003r Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes: Gemeinden, Stichtag (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011).
  3. ^ Landsberg - the City of the Youth during WWII article by Anton Posset and the Citizens' Association "Landsberg in the 20th Century", see also Citizens' Association European Holocaust Memorial Foundation: "Landsberg: The City of Youth"
  4. ^ The future began at DP-Camp Landsberg article by Anton Posset. See also: This article traces the origin and history of the DP-camp Landsberg between 1945 and 1952.
  5. ^ Original movie of the U.S. Army: liberation of the concentration camp Kaufering IV (by Landsberg Lech), in April 1945: This film and the photos, made by the U.S. Army, served as a template for Part 9 "Band of Brothers" given from the archive of Anton Posset to the film team.
  6. ^ Hammerman, Ilana (6 December 2019). "A Picturesque Bavarian Town Shows That Germany Isn't Confronting Its Nazi Past". Haaretz. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  7. ^ English Homepage of the Association: Bürgervereingung Landsberg im 20. Jahrhundert zur Erfoschung der Landsberger Zeitgeschichte
  8. ^ Hilburn, Robert (2014). Johnny Cash : the life (First Back Bay paperback ed.). New York. ISBN 978-0-316-19474-7. OCLC 871788423.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  9. ^ "Partnerstädte". landsberg.de (in German). Landsberg am Lech. Retrieved 2021-02-18.

External links[edit]