|• Mayor||Ewald Heck|
|• Total||30.17 km2 (11.65 sq mi)|
|Elevation||310 m (1,020 ft)|
|• Density||69/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||06567, 06575|
Landscheid (in Eifel dialect: Lähscheld) is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The municipality lies in the Eifel. The municipal area is 56% wooded and 31% of it is under cultivation. Landscheid belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Wittlich-Land, whose seat is in Wittlich, although that town is itself not in the Verbandsgemeinde.
In 1157, Landscheid had its first documentary mention as Langescheit. Today’s outlying centre of Burg was first mentioned in a written document in 1184, as was Niederkail in 1211. The landlord was Himmerod Abbey, and the overlord was the Archbishopric of Trier. Another source says that in 1070, Niederkail was mentioned as the nobleman Godefried von der Keyle’s home.
Beginning in 1794, the Landscheid area lay under French rule. In 1815 it was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna. Since 1946, it has been part of the then newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
With effect from 1 December 1975, the three municipalities of Burg (Salm) with 390 inhabitants, Landscheid (1135 inhabitants) and Niederkail (627 inhabitants), which until this time had been self-administering, were dissolved and the municipality of Landscheid was reconstituted through a merger of the three former municipalities.
The council is made up of 16 council members, who were elected by proportional representation at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, and the honorary mayor as chairman.
The municipal election held on 7 June 2009 yielded the following results:
Coat of arms
The German blazon reads: Schild gespalten, vorne in Gold ein blauer Krummstab, hinten in Rot ein sechs-speichiges goldenes Rad.
The blue crozier symbolizes Abbess Gertrude of Nivelles, who is the church’s patron. The six-spoked golden wheel was taken from the arms formerly borne by the once self-administering municipality of Niederkail. It symbolizes both itinerant trade and agriculture.
Culture and sightseeing
In the main centre of Landscheid, in the tradition of the old itinerant trade, a spring market and a Christmas market are held.
Economy and infrastructure
Landscheid is connected to local public transport by RegioLinie 400 (Bitburg-Wittlich).
- suki.international GmbH with roughly 50% of the market share in Germany in blister-packed small hardware items
- Börner GmbH, maker of household products with about 70 employees
- Forst-Service Raskop, purveyor of forestry services and woodchips
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