Landskrona IP

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Landskrona IP
I.P
Landskrona IP.JPG
Landskrona IP
Location Landskrona, Sweden
Capacity 10,000[1]
Opened July 20, 1924 (1924-07-20)
Aerial view of Landskrona IP around the inauguration in 1924

Landskrona IP (short for "Landskrona Idrottsplats", "Landskrona Sports Ground"), locally known as "I.P." the second home of Landskrona BoIS football club. The venue is owned by Landskrona Town but its only tenant is "BoIS", as the club is labeled locally. The arena was inaugurated in the summer of 1924, replacing the old Landskrona sports ground Banan.

The stadium is almost only used for football, and after the strange demolition of the western stand in 2011, it holds approximately 10,000 attenders (of which 3500 are covered seats) The terraced stands on the north and east side has never had any roofs. Aside from Landskrona BoIS' home games, has one Swedish friendly cap been played at the arena, as well as some matches in the UEFA 1974 Youth tournament. Perhaps better known, is the fact that the arena hosted all of the Faroe Islands home qualifications games for the UEFA Euro 1992.

The stadium is located about 3–4 km from the town's center.

History of the stadium[edit]

The Royal 1924 inauguration and its first decades[edit]

The venue was formally inaugurated by Crown Price Gustav Adolf who became King of Sweden 26 years later[2] , in the summer of 1924.[3] Landskrona IP replaced the old sports ground Banan, where the pitch was in the middle of a simple cycling track.[4] Unlike the old sports ground from 1893,[5] was "IP" located just east of the magnificent beech forest Karlslund, some 3–4 km north of the town's centre. Almost at the countryside of 1924.[6]

Allsvenskan, the Swedish top football league, began in 1924–25, with Landskrona BoIS as one of its twelve original clubs. The club had initially failed to qualify for the new national league. But much thanks to this new stadium which by 1924 standards was considered as modern and suitable for football, was BoIS given a place in the new league, which first was meant for Fässberg, a club from a Gothenburg suburb which not even had a dressing room or bath/showers for the away team.[7] The venue was also suitable for primitive bicycle racing and perhaps also for Track and field. But the clay tracks which surrounded the pitch was shorter than the 400 meter Track and field standard. The southern grandstand had seats only, but the stand was originally only partly covered. At the northern side and behind the eastern curve terraces was constructed of earthwork stones and some concrete. Parts of the eastern curve simple was earthwork with grass on. In the western curve was no stands of any kind.[8] During the spring of 1939 was the entire seating grandstand covered, but this meant nothing for the total attendance capacity, which remained to be around 10.000.[9]

1958 to 1970, the Era of BoIS' Allsvenskan qualifications[edit]

Photo of the north terraces stand during the late 1950s. Below the stand, at the running tracks, several bench rows have been provided. The upper part of the stand was divided in two sections until 1972. The changing rooms and showers for players and the referees was located behind this stand. A kind of mobile fenced corridor prevented the crowd to reach the players

Sometime between the BoIS 1952-53 ditching down to the third tier of Swedish football,[10] and the 1958 qualification match for Allsvenskan against Örgryte IS,[11] was the northern terraced stand enlarged by a slightly steeper stainless steel & wood section, on top of the concrete and earthworks, which next to doubled the crowd capacity of that stand.[12] Landskrona BoIS was a top club most years from the late 1950's to 1970, but failed to reach Allsvenskan in the qualification games in 1958,[13] 1959,[14] 1962[15] and in 1968.[16] But in 1970 did the club finally return to the finest Swedish football assembly through a successful qualification.[17]

During the period from the mid 1950's and 15–20 years ahead, did much happen in the world of football. During this time, did Landskrona IP not only see the current attendance record, but attendances close to, or above 10.000 became regular. Between 1958 and 1977 did Landskrona IP welcome crowds of around 10.000 or more, at some 20-25 occasions, and in at least nine of those occasions were the attendance also above 15.000.[18][19] It was also during the late 1950's in which the all time attendance record was set. During a qualification game for Allsvenskan in 1959, as 18 535 spectators turned up for the event.[20] Between the mid-1950s and the late 1970s, crowds of 15,000 were not uncommon, and occurred even when Landskrona BoIS played in Sweden's second-tier league.

In the mid 1960s the four floodlight pillars were first erected . But some of them fell during a hurricane just a year or two later. When they were re-erected, they became secured by a system of steel cables and has survived ever since.

The new Grandstand, 1973[edit]

The 1973 Grandstand, here with extended roof and seats instead of the original wooden benches with backrests

After the last Allsvenskan home game in 1972 was the southern grandstand seater demolished, and at the opening home game of the 1973 season was a new modern concrete Grandstand with 4000 seats opened instead.[21][22] The new stand had approximately 2200 covered seats and 1800 seats without any cover. For extra-ordinary interesing matches, were temporary benches usually placed at the clay tracks, this allowed a total of close to 6000 sitting attenders.

The 1973 building of the new Grandstand is the most expensive and significant improvement of Landskrona IP ever.

Until 1989, the arena had clay tracks for athletics (and originally also for cycle races, though it has never been anything like a velodrome). The stadium was rather useless for athletics, as the tracks were both narrow and notably shorter than the optimal 400 meters, and the throwing events were held behind the stadium, if any athletic competition ever was held at IP. The running tracks were mainly used by nearby schools. (While the pitch naturally was off-limits for all but football players)

The 1990 & 1991 reconstruction[edit]

In 1990 the owner, Landskrona Town, removed the tracks after requests by Landskrona BoIS. And a few hundred meters away, a good facilities for athletics was constructed. The 1973 seater stand now turned out to be a bit longer than the pitch and quite a few seats was removed for this reason and due to bad sight.

Behind both short sides of the stadium lower wooden terraces were mounted behind the short sides. And in the following year, 1990, the northern long side terrace stand, whose lower part was built of a combination of earthwork, stone and concrete and its upper part of wood, was replaced by a concrete terrace stand (which is possible to transform into an all-seater stand, although this never has been done at Landskrona IP, but the same construction was used at Olympia, in neighbouring city Helsingborg 1985-2000, and i a minor extent also between 2001 and 2015, and there has the terraces at several occasions been transformed into all-seater stands).

The reconstruction was an improvement, seen from most angles. But it really was an insufficient action, partly due to the very low terraces behind the goals but mainly due to the complete lack of roofs and other weather shields at the three terraced sides. And from now on was the maximum capacity reduced to around 11.000.

In the following year, 1991, was the northern terraces replaced with a new concrete terrace stand of equal height as the old one, but it had fewer steps. The demolition of the old northern stand also meant the last parts of the original stands from 1924, now was forever gone. A wooden building behind that stand survived for many years however, but as of May 2017 are the only artifacts remaining from 1924 two flagpoles and the arch which constituted the entrance. It no longer does, but is still there, and most of the spectators who pay ground attendance fee do still walk through the arch.

Third Millennium[edit]

The old entrance Arch at Landskrona IP. Many ground fee attenders do still walk through the Arch, but the new entrance is to the right, just a bit behind the Arch. It's the last remaining larger artifact from the 1924 inauguration. Until 1972 was the seat tickets sold in the two (closed) hatches

Before the 1998 season had Landskrona municipality in mind to build a roof on top of the northern long side terraces, however did the a the time new board, with Kenneth Håkansson as chairman, argue that the money for the cover was needed elsewhere. The knowledge of this decision among the supporters was next to none at the time. Generally has the football attenders in Sweden never been listened to, but with knowledge of the local climate is it very hard to comprehend this decision. As an example was a possible beating of the 1959 attendance record, mentioned i the local newspapers before the Landskrona BoIS vs Malmö FF meetings in 1975, 1976 and 1977. In 1975 came 17.696 [23][24] in excellent weather (less than 900 away from a new record), but due to some rain did only 13.758 turn up for the 1976 meeting[25][26] and in 1977 fell rain all afternoon as well as during most of the match. And the attendance only reached 10.849.[27] Everyone knows the significance of a good environment for the crowds (such as roofs and wind shields), but even when the owner of the venue, (Landskrona Town, as mentioned earlier), wanted to improve the spectator facilities, did the 1998-2014 leadership disagree. And since 1998 has many thousands of attenders "rained away" at Landskrona IP.

Just before Landskrona BoIS' 2002 return to Allsvenskan, was two concrete terraces (without roofs, "naturally") taken in use at the eastern side, together with two temporary rented larger steel & wood constructions behind the opposite goal. But these were initially intended for the season premiere only, and was removed afterwards. Also, a few more seats vanished, as the original benches were substituted with individual seats. The 2002 season opening was the first Allsvenskan match at Landskrona IP since 1994. The guesting team was no other than HIF or more formal, Helsingborgs IF, the together with MFF or Malmö FF the angriest rivals possible for BoIS, at 6.April.2002 in front of 11.909, which ended with the astonish result of 6-2 for BoIS ! [28] After the 2002 season premiere was the temporary stands behind the western goal removed. After the police simply had to close the gates to the absolutely packed stadium against AIK that same year (at 8.July.2002 after 10.181 spectators had entered the venue),[29][30] did the mobile stands return to Landskrona IP. After that match did the board apologise to the sponsors, whose advertising had been drawn down by the police, in order for more of the paying attenders, to be able to see something. But the board never apologised to the paying attenders , who couldn't see much. This was a hinch of how the still rather new chairman of the board made his priorities. In the spring of 2003 did Landskrona BoIS themselves pay for a permanent western concrete terrace. (All other stands are owned by Landskrona Town).

However, before the 2011 season the club replaced the western stand with a building. And as of May 2017, the venue still lacks cover of the northern and eastern terraces, and there is no attendance possible behind the western side.[31]

Presented ideas of rebuilding the stadium - or to build a brand new one[edit]

By 2005, Landskrona BoIS presented a reconstruction of all uncovered terraces and replacing the northern stand with an all-seater stand. Total capacity would be 12.000. But as Landskrona BoIS got relegated from Allsvenskan down to Superettan, the idea vanished.[32] The former chairman (1998-2014), Kenneth Håkansson had plans for a very fashionable and luxury, but indeed tiny, new stadium which included a tall hotel in Landskrona's harbour area.[33] But as that initially secret idea reached the members and supporters of the club, did it not receive much positive criticism. Soon afterwards did the main private financier jump off the project. The intended venue was in most minds far too small (only meant for 6000) and far too expensive as well as being located at a very windy location. Also, Kenneth Håkansson, who initially did very well for the club, began to estimate the need for the future attendance capacity, solely based on the very latest statistics, instead upon historical facts. Or at least, it did certainly appear to be so.[34]

The alleged need of artificial turf[edit]

Just before the 2011 season, the western concrete terrace (built in as late as in 2003, and which at least gave shadow for its spectators during games played in hot summer days) was removed and a temporary building has prevented spectators from watching the game from that view ever since.[35] During the autumn of 2013, the board and previous chairman of the club announce, "Due to the need of ground heating, the natural grass also needs to be replaced with artificial turf",[36] which indeed seemed strange as stadiums with artificial turf are not called for in the Scanian climate. An alleged investigation, made by Landskrona BoIS former leading, meant that this was a necessity for the 2014 season, which caused a storm of protests from supporters of the club as well as others.[37][38] And in November 2013 the municipality council instead decided to invest in ground heating, but rejected the idea of artificial turf.[39] When the "investigation" was presented, it soon was revealed that the heating costs for natural grass were included, but excluded for the "artificial turf alternative". Further, some of the outgoing figures was based "on a few phone-calls".

And how the annual the costs of a grass pitch for football could be almost as expensive as keeping the 36 greens of Landskrona Golf Club open the entire year, including some 3-5 annual snowfalls, nobody from the former club leading could explain.

Eventually did the leading local politicians agree with the large amount of supporters (as well as others), and didn't gave their permission for an artificial turf, as the former Club board had requested. On 14 April 2014, the second ever natural grass pitch at the football stadium at Landskrona IP was inaugurated, with ground heating beneath. [40]

International games at the venue[edit]

Sweden vs Estonia in 1929[edit]

Sweden has once played a home cap at Landskrona IP, against Estonia at 7.July.1929, the result was 4-1, and several Landskrona BoIS players was on the pitch. This was however during the time when the former committee of national-team selected players mostly was regional (for this match did the committee comprise mainly journalists from the Malmö newspaper Sydsvenska Dagbladet) [41]

The precise name of these committees are not formally known even in Swedish."Uttagningskommitén" is used in the source.

1974 UEFA Youth tournament[edit]

This tournament for boys up to the age of 17 was hosted by southern Sweden (all games played in Scania or Blekinge). Two games were played at Landskrona IP. The Group D game, between Sweden and Portugal (which ended in a 1:0 Swedish victory) and one of the semi-finals was played at Landskrona IP. In the latter the former Yugoslavia defeated Greece 1:0.[42] All 4000 seats were sold and equally split in two halves. But the approximately 12,000 ground attendance terraces were open for local residents only, but very few of them arrived at "IP" this rainy day, 29.May.1974. The Yugoslavian goal came late in the match, and the posse of police dogs was put in action.[43]

Faroe Islands Euro 1992 qualification home[edit]

During the qualification for the Euro 1992, Faroe Islands participated for the first time in international football. A problem for them was that no UEFA-approved grass pitch arena existed at this North Atlantic country. For unknown reasons Faroe Islands then chose Landskrona IP as their temporary home ground. Their first opponents were Austria, a team who were expected to win against this small nation, who were new to international football, but Faroe Islands won their first ever competition game 1:0 "home" at Landskrona IP, on 12 September 1990.[44] This led to a fast decision, to build a usable home ground in Thorshavn within weeks. However UEFA decided that it would not be fair for the other national teams to have to play at the new stadium at Faroe Islands, hence another three international competition games were played at Landskrona IP, against Denmark, Yugoslavia and Northern Ireland.[45]

Attendances and attendance records[edit]

Landskrona BoIS playing a qualification game for Allsvenskan in 1962 at home against AIK. Attendance 16.010.[46] Behind the goal, the old eastern terraces

Allsvenskan began in August 1924, some of the early attendance records at Landskrona IP were

  • 1.000 (approximately) at 10.August.1924, Landskrona BoIS - IFK Göteborg in Allsvenskan [47] The very first league game at Landskrona IP.
  • 1.800 (approximately ?) at 17.August.1924,[48] Landskrona BoIS - Helsingborg IF in Allsvenskan [49]
  • 2.315 at 28.September.1924, Landskrona BoIS - AIK in Allsvenskan [50]
  • 3.600 at 10.August.1925, Landskrona BoIS - Helsingborg IF in Allsvenskan [51]
  • 5.500 at 22.August.1926, Landskrona BoIS - Helsingborg IF in Allsvenskan[52]
  • 6.859 at 30.October.1927, Landskrona BoIS - Helsingborg IF in Allsvenskan[53]
  • 10.124 at 26.May.1929, Landskrona BoIS - Helsingborg IF in Allsvenskan[54]

It was later this year as the Wall Street Crash occurred, which possibly could have affected the rising interest for football. In any case did the 1929 attendance record last for almost thirty years. A period of poor results for Landskrona BoIS began during the 1940s and continued during the early 1950s. And Landskrona BoIS even was relegated to the third tier of the Swedish football system during the 1952-53 season[55] This "third tier season" became however something of a taking charge for the future season. And as Landskrona BoIS had returned to the second tier, after a single season in the third one, and became a top club in the second tier during the 1956-57 season, did the attendances rise notably. And even further so in the following 1957-58 season, as BoIS won their league and now would play Örgryte IS in a home-away qualification for Allsvenskan. In the home qualification match was the old attendance record now wiped away..

  • 15.114 at 19.October.1958, Landskrona BoIS - Örgryte IS , (unsuccessful) qualification for Allsvenskan[56]
  • 18.535 at 18.October.1959, Landsrona BoIS - Degerfors IF , (unsuccessful) qualification for Allsvenskan[57]

The Allsvenskan qualification match against Degerfors in 1959 still is the current attendance record at Landskrona IP, however for League-football (or any other event than football, for that matter) are the attendance records as follows:

  • 9.320 unmentioned date 1960, Landskrona BoIS - IFK Kristianstad
  • 9.705 unmentioned date 1960, Landskrona BoIS - Högalid, which of these two games that was played first is not mentioned, but any of them was in 1960 attendance record for second tier league football at Landskrona IP[58]
  • 15.015 at 29.August.1970 Landskrona BoIS - Helsingborg IF, Second tier league [59] (1970 was also the first, and so far the only season, which Landskrona IP have seen more than 15.000 spectators to attended the venue more than once in the same season. As also the successful qualification game against Sandvikens IF had 15.685 attenders at 10.October.1970[60]) The 1968 unsuccessful qualification game vs Jönköping Södra IF drew 15.116 in mid-October 1968[61]

As Landskrona BoIS made a comeback in Allsvenskan for the 1971 season, after 21 seasons in lower tiers, the attendance record for the highest league, still was those 10.124 from 1929. But there was little doubts for the 1929 Allsvenskan record to remain. And..

  • 15.036 at 12.September.1971, Landskrona BoIS - Malmö FF finally broke that Allsvenskan attendance record 42 years later.[62]
  • 15.514 at 6.June.1973, Landskrona BoIS - Malmö FF [63]
  • 17.696 at 12.June.1975, Landskrona BoIS - Malmö FF [64] Which is the second largest crowd ever, so far, at the venue. (The third largest was yet another unsuccessful qualification, against AIK in front of 16.010 at 21.October.1962 [65][66])
  • 9.686 at 5.July.1972, Landskrona BoIS - IFK Norrköping, a successful re-match of the 1972 Swedish Cup final,[67] is presumably the highest attendance at Landskrona IP for a cup-game (The cup has mostly been a problem in Sweden, and the first 1972-final at Norrköping saw only 2111 spectators, which ended in a draw)

Record attendances after the 1990 & 1991 reconstructions.

  • 10.376 at 24.May.1992, Landskrona BoIS - Helsingborg IF [68](second tier, but was however HIF's Henrik Larsson's first appearance at Landskrona IP)
  • 11.902 at 6.April.2002, Landskrona BoIS - Helsingborg IF (result 6-2 for BoIS, Opening match of the 2002-season, BoIS was newcomers and HIF was expected to win easily)[69]

During the seasons in the Third Millenium have Landskrona BoIS had the following average attendances at Landskrona IP:

Season Average home attendance Highest home attendance Average away attendance Highest away attendance Division Level Average league attendance
2002 7,546 11,902 vs. Helsingborg 9,924 24,570 vs. Malmö Allsvenskan Tier 1 10,180
2003 6,436 ** 11,375 vs. Malmö 8,728 23,081 vs. Malmö Allsvenskan Tier 1 10,208
2004 5,881 11,036 vs. Helsingborg 8,526 18,824 vs. Malmö Allsvenskan Tier 1 9,768
2005 5,660 9,649 vs. Malmö 6,762 15,047 vs. Helsingborg Allsvenskan Tier 1 8,691
2006 3,192 4,290 vs. Jönköping 2,027 4,517 vs. Norrköping Superettan Tier 2 2,105
2007 2,972 4,199 vs. Enköping 2,579 7,193 vs. Norrköping Superettan Tier 2 2,450
2008 2,752 3,873 vs. Enköping 1,846 4,569 vs. LB07 Superettan Tier 2 1,557
2009 2,307 3,036 vs. Ängelholm 1,889 3,596 vs. Sundsvall Superettan Tier 2 1,880
2010 3,123 4,467 vs. Degerfors 2,251 5,239 vs. Hammarby Superettan Tier 2 2,572
2011 2,929 4,040 vs. Värnamo
4,833 vs. Helsingborg (cup)
2,664 12,081 vs. Hammarby Superettan Tier 2 2,423
2012 2,459 3,450 vs. Hammarby 2,119 6,802 vs. Hammarby Superettan Tier 2 2,456
2013 2,142 3,028 vs. Falkenberg 2,361 8,721 vs. Hammarby Superettan Tier 2 2.957
2014 1,811 2,885 vs. Hammarby 3,112 16,582 vs. Hammarby Superettan Tier 2 3.267
2015 1,734 4,064 vs. Örgryte 978 2,892 vs. Eskilsminne Division 1 Tier 3 795
2016 1,802 3,346 vs. Kristianstad
5,125 vs. Malmö (cup)
952 3,786 vs. Öster Division 1 Tier 3 732

* Attendances are provided in the Publikliga sections of the Svenska Fotbollförbundet website. [70] ** the home game BoIS - AIK in 2003 was played at Olympia, Helsingborg due to a strike of some kind. At 8.July.2002 had 10.181 had watched the same match the previous season (the gates was even closed by the police, as the temporary stands at the western short side had been removed !!) , but at this for BoIS vs AIK neutral stadium, did only 4.529 arrive for watching the same game one season later.[71]

Other facilities[edit]

Apart from the stadium, the facility offers several other football pitches (the so-called B-pitch even has stands of terrace type for approx 6000 attenders and is the home pitch for the small football club BK Landora), six tennis courts (currently only clay, but a grass court has previously existed), a modern athletic field, an indoor ice rink and an indoor arena for handball, basketball, table tennis and wrestling etc. Below the stadium's south stand, also an indoor 25-metre swimming pool and a so-called "adventure bath" are located. Everything is owned by Landskrona municipality and available for the public (for fees and within certain limitations). The stadium pitch and the B-pitch has natural grass. There are also two pitches with artificial turf and minor floodlights and another four grass pitches. A Greyhound racing pitch, equipped with floodlights also exists, but is currently no longer in use. A drill-house for horse jumping with associated stables and some fields are also located whithin the larger area. At a neighbouring upper secondary school, another indoor sports hall are available for indoor activeties. And for the special type of 7-men football, that in Sweden is known as Korpfotboll, four smaller grass pitches are available. Since these pitches, during the season (late April until mid September) is heavily used, the pitches are moved around at a larger field. If necessary, the entire field for "Korpfotboll", can accommodate four full-size football pitches. (During July this have happened during summuer youth tournaments)

The floodlight system at the stadium produces a lighting of 823 lux[72] and consists of four 30-metre-high (98 ft) pillars and additional lights at the roof of the south stand. Some of the floodlight pillars fell down during a storm in the mid-1960s, a few years after they were built. Since then, the steel construction pillars have been reinforced by a system of long steel wires, at two levels (at approx. half their height and at the top) between each other in a rectangular pattern, and are anchored in huge blocks of concrete. They are currently (late summer 2013) the highest floodlight pillars used for football in Sweden.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://landskronabois.com/arenan/
  2. ^ There ought to be an inline reference in the article Gustav VI Adolf, but isn't... But he succeeded Gustav V in October 1950
  3. ^ http://hd.se/landskrona/2011/02/14/nodhjalpsarbete-byggde-landskrona/[permanent dead link] "När folk väl intagit sina platser var det dags för dagens hedersgäster att anlända. Kronprins Gustaf Adolf och kronprinsessan Louise anlände i bil och hälsades välkomna av tillförordnade borgmästaren Johan Bjerstedt. Kronprisparet skrev sina namn på kalkstensplattor och visades sedan runt på området som redan då innehöll tennisbanor och näckrosdamm."
  4. ^ http://www.arkivet-landskrona.se/mbilder/mbild08.htm[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Please see article Banan (sports ground) for references
  6. ^ Google Maps, search for "Landskrona, Sweden", look in the northern parts
  7. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), pages 88-94 , ISBN 987-91-639-2503-0
  8. ^ See the aerial photo of the venue around its inauguration in 1924
  9. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History),ISBN 987-91-639-2503-0, page 79
  10. ^ Åke Jönsson, page 187-196
  11. ^ Åke Jönsson, page 216-235
  12. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), by studying pictures from this 547 pages of work, can it be safe to say that the enlargement of the northern terraces at least existed during the autumn of 1958, ISBN 987-91-639-2503-0
  13. ^ Åke Jönsson, page 216-235
  14. ^ Åke Jönsson, same pages as for 1958
  15. ^ Åke Jönsson, pages 236-246
  16. ^ Åke Jönsson, pages 255-262
  17. ^ Åke Jönsson, pages 263-272
  18. ^ Please see below the headline "Attendances and attendances records", where also inline sources are given
  19. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A football team's history),ISBN 978-91-639-2503-0, 547 pages (A4 or folio size),- gives no specific list of attendances only, however in writing are lots of attendances mentioned, for the mentioned period pages 236-246 & 255-305. Digging at https://www.allsvenskan.se/tabell/arkiv-1977/ (for in this case year 1977, arkiv-1977) reveal attendances of 9000+ at several, in Åke Jönsson's book unmentioned attendances. Like BoIS-IFK Göteborg in 1977 (9000+), BoIS-Hammarby 1971 (10000+), in all safe to say 20-25 occasions with attendances close to or above 10.000
  20. ^ Swedish, last row of the "Allmän information & statistik" headline " - "publikrekord på Idrottsplatsen är 18 535 åskådare och sattes i kvalmatchen mot Degerfors 1959." at http://www.landskronabois.com/klubben/historia/
  21. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), ISBN 987-91-639-2503-0, page 295
  22. ^ http://mobil.svenskafans.com/fotboll/15526.aspx#.WRCTBLiB2Hs
  23. ^ http://allsvenskamff.blogspot.se/search/label/1975
  24. ^ [1]/15526.aspx#.WRCTBLiB2Hs
  25. ^ http://allsvenskamff.blogspot.se/search/label/1976
  26. ^ [2]/15526.aspx#.WRCTBLiB2Hs
  27. ^ [3]/15526.aspx#.WRCTBLiB2Hs
  28. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 396
  29. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History),ISBN 987-91-639-2503-0, page 401
  30. ^ https://www.allsvenskan.se/tabell/arkiv-2002/
  31. ^ Picture at [4], the stand which between 2003 and 2010 was located behind the western goal can be seen here [5]
  32. ^ http://www.svenskafans.com/fotboll/112947.aspx
  33. ^ http://www.landskronadirekt.com/2014/09/02/ekonomi-stoppade-dromarena-i-centrum/
  34. ^ Compare page 1 of this PDF [6] with [7] and with [8], arena capacities for 12000, 10000 and 6000 are all mentioned - also see chapter "Attendance and attendance records" further down in this article
  35. ^ http://www.hd.se/2011-02-18/laktare-far-ge-plats-for-restaurang
  36. ^ http://www.hd.se/2013-09-18/landskrona-ip-far-konstgras
  37. ^ September 2013 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-17. Retrieved 2014-04-02. 
  38. ^ October 2013http://hd.se/landskrona/2013/10/13/bois-medlemmar-protesterar/
  39. ^ Entire part http://www.landskronadirekt.com/arkivet/nyheter/1343.htm#131021_4
  40. ^ What the public thought - http://www.svenskafans.com/fotboll/sa-tycker-landskrona-om-konstgras-489040.aspx
  41. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History),ISBN 987-91-639-2503-0, page 114
  42. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablese/ec-u18-74.html
  43. ^ Swedish morning newspaper "Nordvästra Skånes Tidningar", 30 May 1974, page 1 and sport pages
  44. ^ http://www.uefa.com/uefaeuro/season=1992/matches/round=218/match=2963/index.html
  45. ^ http://www.uefa.com/uefaeuro/season=1992/matches/round=218/match=2963/index.html
  46. ^ http://www.aik.se/fotboll/statistik/matches.php?seasonid=148
  47. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History),ISBN 987-91-639-2503-0, page 94
  48. ^ Date - http://www.worldfootball.net/all_matches/swe-allsvenskan-1924-1925/
  49. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History),ISBN 987-91-639-2503-0, page 96, date not mentioned
  50. ^ http://www.aik.se/fotboll/statistik/matches.php?id=153
  51. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History),ISBN 987-91-639-2503-0, page 97
  52. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 99
  53. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 107
  54. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 111
  55. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 512
  56. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 225
  57. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 232
  58. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 236
  59. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 266
  60. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 267
  61. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 261, exact date cannot be found
  62. ^ Malmö FF's statistical site, http://www.mff.se/sv-SE/aktuellt/media/nyhetsarkiv/2004/2004-05-11_1312
  63. ^ Malmö FF's statistical site, http://www.mff.se/sv-SE/aktuellt/media/nyhetsarkiv/2004/2004-05-11_1312
  64. ^ Malmö FF's statistical site, http://www.mff.se/sv-SE/aktuellt/media/nyhetsarkiv/2004/2004-05-11_1312
  65. ^ Date
  66. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 240, exact date can't be found
  67. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), pages 283-291
  68. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 362
  69. ^ Åke Jönsson, "Ett fotbollslags historia 1915-2015" (A Football Team's History), page 396
  70. ^ "Kontaktuppgifter och tävlingar - Svenska Fotbollförbundet - svenskfotboll.se". Retrieved 2010-12-09. 
  71. ^ http://www.aik.se/fotboll/statistik/opponent.php?id=9; AIK really has an excellent historical database, just by the way
  72. ^ Swedish,"belysning" means "lighting", http://svenskfotboll.se/superettan/information/?scr=venue&faid=8608

Coordinates: 55°53′24″N 12°50′15″E / 55.889934°N 12.83761°E / 55.889934; 12.83761