Landstuhl

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Landstuhl
Aerial view of Nanstein Castle
Aerial view of Nanstein Castle
Coat of arms of Landstuhl
Location of Landstuhl within Kaiserslautern district
Landstuhl in KL.svg
Landstuhl is located in Germany
Landstuhl
Landstuhl
Landstuhl is located in Rhineland-Palatinate
Landstuhl
Landstuhl
Coordinates: 49°24′44″N 07°34′20″E / 49.41222°N 7.57222°E / 49.41222; 7.57222Coordinates: 49°24′44″N 07°34′20″E / 49.41222°N 7.57222°E / 49.41222; 7.57222
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictKaiserslautern
Municipal assoc.Landstuhl
First mentioned1326 (696 years ago) (1326)
Government
 • Mayor (2019–24) Ralf Hersina (SPD)
Area
 • Total15.34 km2 (5.92 sq mi)
Elevation
248 m (814 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[1]
 • Total8,350
 • Density540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
66849
Dialling codes06371
Vehicle registrationKL
Websitelandstuhl.de

Landstuhl (German pronunciation: [ˈlantʃtuːl]) is a town in the Kaiserslautern district of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany. It is the seat of Verbandsgemeinde Landstuhl, a kind of "collective municipality." Landstuhl is situated on the north-west edge of the Palatinate Forest, 11 miles (18 km) west of Kaiserslautern.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The earliest traces of human settlement in Landstuhl date from around 500 BC. The “heathen rock” (Heidenfels) from the Celtic period was a holy site until Roman times, and a Roman settlement dates from the 1st century. About 1152, Emperor Frederick I had Nanstein Castle built on the mountain south of town.

Early Modern period[edit]

Franz von Sickingen

During the 15th Century, the lords of Sickingen assumed responsibility for Landstuhl and the surrounding area.[2] The most famous member of this dynasty was Franz von Sickingen. He converted the castle – Nanstein Castle (German: Burg Nanstein), the most visible landmark in Landstuhl and the surrounding area – into a dominating fortress. In August 1522, Sickingen moved to further expand his feudal domains by capturing Trier. After several unsuccessful attempts to lay siege to the city, he withdrew to Nanstein Castle and was subsequently besieged by a coalition of Richard, Archbishop of Trier; Louis V, Elector Palatine; and Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse. During the 1523 siege of Nanstein Castle, Sickingen fell mortally wounded. His sons rebuilt the castle in Renaissance style, but it was largely destroyed by Louis XIV's army during the Rhine campaign of the Nine Years' War.

Politics[edit]

Landstuhl's mayor is Ralf Hersina[3]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Landstuhl is home to Landstuhl Hospital (Kirchberg-Kaserne), also known as Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, a U.S. Army installation atop the Kirchberg.[2]

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Landstuhl is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand 2020, Kreise, Gemeinden, Verbandsgemeinden". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2021.
  2. ^ a b Public Affairs Office. "Fact Sheet – LRMC History Landstuhl Regional Medical Center" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 17, 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  3. ^ Direktwahlen 2019, Landkreis Kaiserslautern, Landeswahlleiter Rheinland-Pfalz, accessed 9 August 2021.

External links[edit]