Landtag of Thuringia

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Landtag of Thuringia
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
President
Christian Carius, CDU
Since 5 December 2014
Structure
Seats 91
Thuringia Landtag 2014.svg
Political groups


     Government (47)

Opposition parties

  •      CDU (33)
  •      AfD (8)
  •      Family (1)
  •      Independent (2)
Elections
Last election
14 September 2014
Next election
2019 or earlier
Meeting place
Landtagprojekt Thueringen Erfurt 2011 (RaBoe) 024.jpg
The Chamber of the Landtag of Thuringia (inside)
Website
www.thueringer-landtag.de

The Landtag of Thuringia is the parliament of the German federal state of Thuringia. It convenes in Erfurt and currently consists of 91 members of five Parties. According to the free state's constitution, the primary functions of the Landtag are to pass laws, elect the Minister-President and control the government of Thuringia.

Elections[edit]

The Landtag of Thuringia (front)

Elections are held every five years using the German Mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) system, with an election threshold of 5% vote share to receive any seats. All German citizens 18 years of age or older living in Thuringia are entitled to vote. If a party wins more constituency seats than its overall share of the vote, the overall size of the Landtag increases because of these overhang and leveling mandates.

Current Composition[edit]

After the elections of 14 September 2014, the CDU is the largest party,[1] but the left parties (Linke, SPD, Greens) hold a bare majority of seats (46 of 91) and are in coalition.[2]

Party Seats
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 33
The Left (Die Linke) 28
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 13[3]
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 8
Alliance '90/The Greens (Die Grünen) 6
Family 1[4]
Independent politicians 2

Controversially[5] in December 2014, the Landtag elected first ever Left Party Minister-President, Bodo Ramelow.[6][7] The Left Party is seen as the successor to the Socialist Unity Party (SED) that ruled former East Germany. Ramelow heads a left-leaning coalition consisting of his Left Party, the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the Greens, a so-called "red-red-green" coalition.[8]

History[edit]

Former Thuringian Landtag (Fürstenhaus) in Weimar

The Landtag of the newly established Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen) first convened in 1920 in Weimar. Its deputies were elected for three years according to a proportional representation system, with a minimum voting age of 21. During the Weimar Republic period until 1933, six state elections were held. Upon the 1929 elections, Thuringia became one of the first German federal states where the Nazi Party gained real political power. Wilhelm Frick was appointed Minister of the Interior for the state of Thuringia after the NSDAP won six delegates to the Landtag. In the 1932 elections the Nazis emerged as the strongest party with 26 of 61 seats and Fritz Sauckel assumed the office of Minister-President. One year later, after the Nazi seizure of power in Berlin, the Landtag diet was dissolved in course of the Gleichschaltung process.

After World War II the State of Thuringia was re-established as part of the Soviet occupation zone. On 13 June 1946 the Soviet Military Administration summoned a state assembly (Landesversammlung) chaired by Ricarda Huch; the first post-war Landtag elections were held on 20 October 1946 and the constituent meeting took place on November 21 at the Elephant hotel in Weimar. By the 1949 Constitution of East Germany, the Landtag diets were largely deprived of power and the second state elections on 15 October 1950 were already held under the terms of the National Front unity list. In 1952, the East German government dissolved the federal states and Thuringia was divided into districts (Bezirke) centered in Erfurt, Gera and Suhl.

The State of Thuringia was restored during Germany's reunification and Landtag elections were again held on 14 October 1990.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°57′50″N 11°02′02″E / 50.964°N 11.034°E / 50.964; 11.034