Laney's latitude is at 31.209 and its longitude is at -84.027. Its elevation rests at 351 feet. Laney appears on the Cotton U.S. Geological Survey Map. It is located at the intersection of Lake Pleasant Church Rad and Laney Road. Georgia Highway 93, Baker Road, Mount Zion Road, and West County Line Road also lie in the area. A small creek runs through the town.
Laney has various abandoned homes, mostly small farmhouses. One large plantation home exists, as well as a now defunct windmill and water tower. A large brick building serves as a shelter for farm equipment.