Langdon Court, Devon
Langdon Court is a former manor house, in Wembury, South Devon, England. It consists of a single courtyard mansion from 1693 and a walled formal garden. The house is a Grade II* listed building, and the garden is Grade II listed in the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. It is currently used as the Langdon Court Hotel. Now owned by the Ede family the hotel has transformed into a luxury boutique hotel.
Langedone is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1087 as having been a double manor amongst the 107 Devon holdings granted to Juhel de Totnes (d. 1123/30), feudal baron of Totnes, by William the Conqueror for his support during the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. Before 1066 one part had been held by Heche (or "Heca"), the other by Gode (or "Goda"). Juhel in turn granted both parts of Langdon to one of his knights named Waldin
During the reign of King Henry III (1216–1272) Langdon was held by the Pipard family and then by the great Courtenay family, Earls of Devon. This family held the estate for nearly 200 years, with the last Courtenay being Marquis of Exeter who in 1538 was beheaded for treason by King Henry VIII. This was probably due to his opposition to Henry’s break with Rome and the creation of the Church of England during the Pilgrimage of Grace uprising.
Escheat to royal demesne
The house later passed to Henry VIII's widow Catherine Parr.
In 1555 Langdon Court was purchased from the crown by Vincent Calmady (d.1579), attorney-at-law. He was the third son of John Calmady of Calmady (a tenement within the manor of Penfound, in the parish of Poundstock, Cornwall) by his wife Frances Vincent, daughter of Francis Vincent. The family had been established at Calmady since at least 1337. This was the start of a great building and landscaping period, much of which exists at Langdon today. The Calmady family created an early English Renaissance garden which survives. Langdon Court remained in the Calmady family until 1875  when the last daughters, Emily and Laura (see Calmady Twins painted by Sir Thomas Lawrence) in the Calmady line died. The early descent was as follows:
- Vincent Calmady (d.1579), purchased Langdon. By his first wife Mary Nicks he left issue who inherited Langdon.
- Josias I Calmady (1565–1611), son and heir, who in 1584 married Katherine Courtenay, daughter and co-heiress of Edward Courtenay of Ugbrooke
- Sir Shilston I Calmady (1585–1645), son and heir. He was knighted in 1618 at Theobalds Grove and was killed during the Civil War at the siege of Ford Abbey, Devon, on 13 February 1645, and was buried in nearby Membury parish church, where survives his monument.
- Josias II Calmady (1619–1683), third son and eventual heir, MP for Okehampton in 1680
- Charles Home Calmady (d.1807). Admiral of the Blue 1804, Captain Bramdean (Hants) Volunteer Cavalry 1798. Died aged 55 at Langdon Hall<Exeter Flying Post 19 March 1807>
Noted families of descent include the Sykes family, who through Admiral Clark Gayton, are of relation to the Calmady's of Langdon.
Richard Cory purchased Langdon Court in 1876. He was the son of William Cory who founded the coal shipping and bunkering firm in London known as William Cory & Son. It was during his tenure that extensive repairs and alterations were made to the house. On several occasions, Richard Cory played host to his friend the Prince of Wales, later to become Edward VII. Edward was often accompanied by his friend, the society beauty and actress Lillie Langtry.
On Richard Cory’s death in 1904 the estate was broken up and a Mrs. Kenyon-Slaney bought the house and 10 acres (40,000 m2) of land. She lived here until the beginning of the Second World War. After the war Langdon Court was purchased by the City Council of Plymouth and used as a children’s convalescent home.
In 1960 the council sold the building and work was carried out to convert the building into the Langdon Court Hotel as it remains today.
- Historic England. "Langdon Court Hotel (1000695)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- Thorn, Caroline & Frank, (eds.) Domesday Book, (Morris, John, gen.ed.) Vol. 9, Devon, Parts 1 & 2, Phillimore Press, Chichester, 1985, part 1, 17:95,96
- Thorn, part 1, 17:95,96
- Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.128, pedigree of Calmady
- Vivian, p.128
- Introductory text to: Plymouth and West Devon Record Office, Calmady Manuscripts, ref 372, 1220-1876