|Municipal assoc.||Bad Sobernheim|
|• Mayor||Diethelm Stallmann|
|• Total||2.71 km2 (1.05 sq mi)|
|• Density||36/km2 (94/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Langenthal is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Bad Sobernheim, whose seat is in the like-named town.
Langenthal lies in the Hoxbach and Gaulsbach valley, a side valley of the Nahe.
Clockwise from the north, Langenthal’s neighbours are the town of Bad Sobernheim (although only its northern exclave containing Pferdsfeld, not the section containing the townsite), and the municipalities of Auen, Monzingen, Weiler bei Monzingen and Seesbach, all of which likewise lie within the Bad Kreuznach district.
Langenthal’s name cropped up for the first time in 1322 and it refers to a narrow dale that stretches along a watercourse. Langenthal was until the 18th century united with neighbouring Monzingen, to whose market business it had been attached. No later than the 13th century, it belonged to the Counts of Sponheim, who had granted some knightly families the court and the tithes (Emmerich von Nussbaum and after him Klaus von Ellenbach in the 14th century). In 1708, Langenthal passed along with some other places to Electoral Palatinate, and within that to the Amt of Böckelheim. In 1798, after French Revolutionary troops had overrun the German lands on the Rhine’s left bank, it was assigned to the Mairie (“Mayoralty”) of Monzingen. The court to which Langenthal was subject, called the Friedensgericht (“Peace Court”), had its seat in Sobernheim. This was converted into an Amtsgericht in 1879 (after Germany was unified). After the Napoleonic Wars had ended and Napoleon had been driven out and defeated, the Congress of Vienna assigned this administrative region to the Kingdom of Prussia. Monzingen remained the seat of a Bürgermeisterei (“mayoralty”) within the newly formed Kreuznach district, to which Langenthal also belonged. In the course of administrative restructuring in Rhineland-Palatinate after the Second World War, Langenthal found itself grouped into the Verbandsgemeinde of Bad Sobernheim.
As at 30 September 2013, there are 99 full-time residents in Langenthal, and of those, 57 are Evangelical (57.576%), 29 are Catholic (29.293%) and 13 (13.131%) either have no religion or will not reveal their religious affiliation.
Langenthal’s mayor is Diethelm Stallmann.
Coat of arms
The German blazon reads: Im Schild in Rot ein silberner Wellenschrägbalken, begleitet vorne von einem silbernen sechsspeichigen Rad, hinten von einer silbernen Kapelle.
The wavy bend (slanted stripe) symbolizes the long Hoxbach and Gaulsbach valley, on which the village lies. The charge on the sinister (armsbearer’s left, viewer’s right) side, the chapel, is the village church, which was built towards the end of the 15th century, expanded in the 16th century and renovated in 1954. Even today, both the Evangelical and the Catholic communities have rights to this house of worship. The other charge, the Wheel of Mainz on the dexter (armsbearer’s right, viewer’s left) side, was taken from Monzingen’s arms, as Langenthal, first mentioned in 1322, shared a common municipal area with Monzingen until the 17th century and thereby had much the same history as its neighbour.
Culture and sightseeing
- Evangelical church, Hauptstraße 22 – Late Gothic aisleless church, late 15th and early 16th centuries
- Near Hauptstraße 4 – Baroque house (with ground-floor stable?), partly timber-frame, possibly from about 1700
- Hauptstraße 12 – estate complex along the street, 18th or 19th century; one-floor house with ground-floor stable, partly timber-frame, barn, partly timber-frame
Economy and infrastructure
- "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2013". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2014.
- Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz – Regionaldaten
- Kommunalwahl Rheinland-Pfalz 2009, Gemeinderat
- Langenthal’s mayor
- Description and explanation of Langenthal’s arms
- Directory of Cultural Monuments in Bad Kreuznach district
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Langenthal (Hunsrück).|