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The Langha (Urdu: لنگھا Rajasthani: लंघा (Devanagari) )) are a Muslim community found in the province of Sindh in Pakistan and in the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan in India. They are unrelated to the Langah clan of southern Punjab province.
History and origin
The Langha and related Manganiar are both communities of folk musicians, and have two sub-divisions, the Sonia Langha and Sarengia Langha. These sub-divisions are based on the use of musical instruments used, the Sonia Langha play wind instruments such as the surnai, satara and murali at wedding ceremonies, and the Sarengia play the sarangi. The two groups are endogamous, and are further divided into clans.
The community sing, play music and entertain the Sindhi-Sipahi, a community of Muslim Rajputs, who act as their jajmans (patrons). They are found in the districts of Barmer, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur, and speak Marwari.
The community are endogamous and practice clan exogamy. Their main clans are Khaltera, Pannu, Janjarika, Kalrika and Toarika. At times of birth, marriage or any family festivity of their Sindhi-Sipahi patrons, the Langha musicians are in attendance to evoke the right mood with songs of the desert and many specially composed songs to praise the patron and his family. During the last fifteen years, many Langha have become part of the entertainment industry, and have toured the world as part of the “Festival of India” tours organized by the Indian government.
- People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B. Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 755-760
- People of India Rajasthan Volume XXXVIII Part Two edited by B.K. Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N. Vyas pages 572 to 575 Popular Prakashan