Langnau am Albis
Langnau am Albis
|• Total||8.66 km2 (3.34 sq mi)|
|Elevation||468 m (1,535 ft)|
|• Density||870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Adliswil, Aeugst am Albis, Hausen am Albis, Horgen, Rüschlikon, Stallikon, Thalwil|
Langnau am Albis is first mentioned between 1101 and 1150 as Langenow (from a 14th Century copy of the original document). Between 1133 and 1167 it was mentioned as Langenouw.
Langnau am Albis has an area of 8.7 km2 (3.4 sq mi). Of this area, 27.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 48.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 22.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In 1996[update] housing and buildings made up 17.1% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (5.4%). Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0.6% of the area. As of 2007[update] 16.6% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.
It is in the Sihltal valley on the slopes of the Albis mountain range. The area is a rural/suburban community within 10 km (6.2 mi) of the city center of Zürich. Langnau is one of the larger communities in the Canton of Zürich.
Langnau am Albis has a population (as of 31 December 2017) of 7,533. As of 2007[update], 21.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008[update] the gender distribution of the population was 49.3% male and 50.7% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 7.2%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (84.8%), with Italian being second most common ( 5.3%) and Albanian being third ( 2.0%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 20.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 64.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 14.7%. There are 3 schools in the village Vorder Zelg is the secondary school. Wolfgraben and Widmer are the two Primary Schools. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Langnau am Albis about 77.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 2,926 households in Langnau am Albis.
As of 2008[update] there were 2,333 Catholics and 2,510 Protestants in Langnau am Albis. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census[update], 42.8% were some type of Protestant, with 40.1% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 2.7% belonging to other Protestant churches. 34.8% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 6.6% belonged to another religion (not listed), 2.6% did not give a religion, and 12.2% were atheist or agnostic.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Langnau am Albis has an average of 144.6 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,357 mm (53.4 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is June during which time Langnau am Albis receives an average of 159 mm (6.3 in) of precipitation. During the wettest month, there is precipitation for an average of 14 days.
First historical references date the community of Langnau back to 1397. Today's community boasts a very high standard of living with a very strong school system, plenty of green space, excellent public transportation connecting the surrounding villages and the city of Zürich, a dozen restaurants, 2 hotels, a leading Tennis and Squash Club, an Indoor Swimming Center, the vibrant Football Club Langnau, the Turbine Theater (a small theater in the old turbines of a renovated former textile mill), a public library, and over 45 other clubs and social organizations.
Langnau am Albis has an unemployment rate of 2.43%. As of 2005[update], there were 61 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 16 businesses involved in this sector. 305 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 54 businesses in this sector. 851 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 168 businesses in this sector. As of 2007[update] 38.2% of the working population were employed full-time, and 61.8% were employed part-time.
Points of interest
A major attraction of the town is the Wildpark Langenberg, a zoo in a largely undeveloped location on a wooded hill within the town of Langnau where animals such as the wolf, lynx and ibex can be watched roaming freely. Views of the Cantons Zurich and Zug and the Swiss Alps can be gained from the Hochwachtturm, a 33m tall wooden tower, accessible to the public, located on top of the Albis range about 1.5 km from the Albis pass. Nearby lie the ruins of the Schnabelburg, a castle erected in 1170 to guard the road from Zurich to Lucerne (destroyed in 1309).
Langnau-Gattikon railway station is a stop of the Zurich S-Bahn on the line S4 and is a 21-minute ride from Zürich Hauptbahnhof. The Zimmerberg bus line (Zimmerbergbus), provided by the Sihltal Zürich Uetliberg Bahn (SZU), connects the Zimmerberg region and parts of the Sihl Valley.
- "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Langnau am Albis in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 07-Aug-2009
- Statistics Zurich ‹See Tfd›(in German) accessed 4 August 2009
- "STAT-TAB – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit" (online database) (official site) (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office - FSO. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
- "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the weather station elevation is 590 meters above sea level.
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