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Mangifera 'Langra'
'Langra' mangoes at a farm in Mathurapur, Bihar, India
A 'Langra' mango
'Langra' mango (sliced)
'Langra' mango stone (seed)

The 'Langra' mango, also known as Benarasi Langra,[1] is a mango cultivar that was first cultivated in Banaras in present-day Uttar Pradesh, India 250 to 300 years ago.[2][3] Apart from Uttar Pradesh, it is also grown in the states of Bihar and West Bengal,[2][4] as well in the neighbouring country Bangladesh.[5] In some part of northern India and in Bihar 'Langra' mango is also known as 'Malda Mango', referring to the town of Malda in West Bengal and Digha, Patna region in Patna district. It is referred to as the 'king of the mangoes'.[2]

This cultivar retains a greenish tinge while ripening. It is normally harvested during mid-June to last half of July. Around 2006, it was known to be gaining popularity on the international market.[6] It is considered suitable for slicing and canning.[7] One unique quality of Malda mangoes is its rich pulp and small seed. Thus people feel full after eating a couple of mangoes.

Dudhiya Malda - a subvariety of Malda, whose skin is lighter in colour, common in Bhagalpur


Langra mango tree

The leaf blades have an oval-lanceolate shape and are flat to slightly folded. The apexes are acuminate to sub-acuminate. The secondary veins are arranged as sub-opposite to alternate.[8] They have been measured as follows:

  • Length of blade: 21.93 cm
  • Length of lamina: 18.95 cm
  • Breadth of lamina: 4.75 cm
  • Length petioles 2.98 cm
  • Length of pulvinus region 1.20 cm
  • Length : breadth of lamina: 4.00
  • Length of pulvinus : petiole: 0.42
  • Length of lamina : petiole: 6.67 cm


  1. ^ "Mango Malformation". Dkchakrabarti.com. 12 March 2010. Archived from the original on 12 September 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  2. ^ a b c "Know The Actual Story Behind the Name "Langra Mango"". krishijagrancom. Retrieved 4 May 2023.
  3. ^ "Where does the Langra Aam get its Name from? An Interesting Take on this Most Loved Aam!". NDTV. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2023.
  4. ^ "Varieties of Mango produced in West Bengal | Bengal Information - College, Admission, Events, Education, Tourism, Bengal Culture, Jobs". Bengal Information. 12 September 2012. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  5. ^ Kalam, M. A.; Hasan, M. R.; Miah, M. A. M. (2020). "Assessing the profitability and problems of langra mango variety marketing in Chapai Nawabganj district of Bangladesh". Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 01 (4): 169–173. doi:10.47440/JAFE.2020.1425.
  6. ^ "Recent Trends in World and U.S. Mango Production, Trade, and Consumption" (PDF). University of Florida IFAS Extension. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 November 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Mango". Hort.purdue.edu. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  8. ^ Chakraborti, Kalyan. "Leaf Charactersand Measurements Of Mango Cultivars In | Kalyan Chakraborti". Academia.edu. Retrieved 13 June 2014.

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