Langres

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Langres
View of Langres from the southeast
View of Langres from the southeast
Coat of arms of Langres
Coat of arms
Location of Langres
Langres is located in France
Langres
Langres
Langres is located in Grand Est
Langres
Langres
Coordinates: 47°51′48″N 5°20′02″E / 47.8633°N 5.3339°E / 47.8633; 5.3339Coordinates: 47°51′48″N 5°20′02″E / 47.8633°N 5.3339°E / 47.8633; 5.3339
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentHaute-Marne
ArrondissementLangres
CantonLangres
IntercommunalityÉtoile de Langres
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Sophie Delong
Area
1
22.33 km2 (8.62 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
8,279
 • Density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
52269 /52200
Elevation327–475 m (1,073–1,558 ft)
(avg. 475 m or 1,558 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Langres (French pronunciation: ​[lɑ̃ɡʁ]) is a commune in northeastern France. It is a subprefecture of the department of Haute-Marne, in the region of Grand Est.

History[edit]

As the capital of the Romanized Gallic tribe known as the Lingones, it was called Andematunnum, then Lingones, and now Langres.

A hilltop town, Langres was built on a limestone promontory of the same name. This stronghold was originally occupied by people of the tribe Lingones. At a later date the Romans fortified the town they called Andemantunum, located at a strategic crossroads of twelve Roman roads.[citation needed] The first-century Triumphal Gate and the many artefacts exhibited in the museums are remnants of the town's Gallo-Roman history. After the period of invasions, the town prospered in the Middle Ages, due in part to the growing political influence of its bishops. The diocese covered Champagne, the Duchy of Burgundy, and Franche-Comté, and the bishops obtained the right to coin money in the ninth century and to name the military governor of the city in 927. The Bishop of Langres was a duke and peer of France. The troubled 14th and 15th centuries caused the town to strengthen its defenses, which still give the old city its fortified character, and Langres entered a period of royal tutelage. The Renaissance, which returned prosperity to the town, saw the construction of numerous fine civil, religious and military buildings that still stand today. In the 19th century, a "Vauban" citadel was added.

Climate[edit]

Langres features an oceanic climate (Cfb), closely bordering on a humid continental climate (Dfb). Summers are moderately hot and sunny, winters are cold, foggy and often snowy.

Climate data for Langres (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
17.7
(63.9)
21.9
(71.4)
26.2
(79.2)
29.8
(85.6)
34.1
(93.4)
35.9
(96.6)
37.6
(99.7)
31.6
(88.9)
25.7
(78.3)
21.1
(70.0)
15.5
(59.9)
37.6
(99.7)
Average high °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
5.1
(41.2)
9.4
(48.9)
13.1
(55.6)
17.4
(63.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
18.9
(66.0)
13.8
(56.8)
7.6
(45.7)
4.1
(39.4)
13.4
(56.1)
Average low °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
2.1
(35.8)
4.6
(40.3)
8.7
(47.7)
11.7
(53.1)
13.9
(57.0)
13.9
(57.0)
10.6
(51.1)
7.2
(45.0)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.3
(31.5)
6.1
(43.0)
Record low °C (°F) −18.1
(−0.6)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−13.2
(8.2)
−6.6
(20.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
2.5
(36.5)
5.1
(41.2)
5.1
(41.2)
2.1
(35.8)
−4.5
(23.9)
−10.7
(12.7)
−16.4
(2.5)
−21.2
(−6.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 80.5
(3.17)
64.9
(2.56)
65.5
(2.58)
59.9
(2.36)
82.4
(3.24)
70.0
(2.76)
74.4
(2.93)
67.1
(2.64)
72.1
(2.84)
86.8
(3.42)
83.5
(3.29)
88.4
(3.48)
895.5
(35.26)
Average precipitation days 12.4 10.6 11.4 10.4 12.6 10.3 9.5 8.9 9.4 11.9 11.9 12.9 132.0
Average snowy days 7.6 6.9 5.4 3.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.5 6.2 33.4
Average relative humidity (%) 90 84 78 72 74 73 71 74 79 86 89 91 80.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.7 86.3 139.1 171.9 194.0 213.9 225.8 219.6 169.6 111.9 60.7 48.4 1,702.8
Source #1: Météo France[2][3]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[4]

Main sights[edit]

Today Langres is a historical town with numerous art treasures within the ancient defensive walls surrounding the old city (3.5 km), including a dozen towers and seven gates.

The cathedral of Saint-Mammès is a late 12th-century structure dedicated to Mammes of Caesarea, a 3rd-century martyr.

Culture[edit]

Langres is home to producers of an AOC-protected cheese of the same name. It is a soft, pungent cow's milk cheese that is known for its rind, which is washed.

A museum called the Denis Diderot House of Enlightenment opened in 2013. This museum, set up in a private mansion from the 16th and 18th centuries, is dedicated to the philosopher Denis Diderot and to his most famous work, the Encyclopédie, as well as to the “Age of French Enlightenment”.

Notable people[edit]

Langres was the birthplace of:

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Langres is twinned with:

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Langres" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  3. ^ "Climat Champagne-Ardenne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  4. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Langres (52) - altitude 467m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  5. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2013-07-11. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External links[edit]