Langston, Oklahoma

Coordinates: 35°56′21″N 97°15′28″W / 35.93917°N 97.25778°W / 35.93917; -97.25778
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Langston, Oklahoma
Location of Langston, Oklahoma
Location of Langston, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°56′21″N 97°15′28″W / 35.93917°N 97.25778°W / 35.93917; -97.25778
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyLogan
Government
 • MayorMichael Boyles
Area
 • Total12.40 sq mi (32.12 km2)
 • Land11.99 sq mi (31.06 km2)
 • Water0.41 sq mi (1.06 km2)
Elevation955 ft (291 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,619
 • Density135.00/sq mi (52.12/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73050
Area code(s)405/572
FIPS code40-41550[3]
GNIS feature ID2412877[2]
Websitecityoflangston.com

Langston is a town in Logan County, Oklahoma, United States, and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,724 at the 2010 census, an increase of 3.2 percent from the figure of 1,670 in 2000.[4] Langston is home to Langston University, the only historically black college in Oklahoma.

History[edit]

Langston was founded on April 22, 1890, by Edward P. McCabe, a Black American political figure from Kansas. McCabe helped lead a migration of black settlers from southern U.S. states who hoped to escape discrimination by creating a majority-black state in what was then the Territory of Oklahoma.[a] He named the town for John Mercer Langston, a black member of the 51st United States Congress from Virginia.[5][b] McCabe used traveling salesmen and African-American newspapers to advertise lots for sale in Langston, and the deeds which accompanied the sale of these lots stipulated that their re-sale could only be to other African-Americans.[6]

Langston was an all black town, one of fifty identifiable black towns and settlements created in Oklahoma between 1865 and 1920.[7]

By 1891, Langston had a population of 200, which included a preacher, doctor, and schoolteacher.[6] By 1892, the town had 25 businesses, with a bank and a public school. A Roman Catholic mission was established in 1893 by Bishop Theophile Meerschaert and the Benedictine Sisters. The town had a telephone system in service in 1895. In 1897, the Oklahoma Territorial Legislature passed a law creating the Colored Agricultural and Normal University at Langston (which later became Langston University).[5]

Geography[edit]

Langston is 11 miles (18 km) northeast of Guthrie, the Logan County seat, on State Highway 33.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1900251
191033935.1%
1920259−23.6%
193035135.5%
194051446.4%
195068533.3%
1960136−80.1%
1970486257.4%
1980443−8.8%
19901,471232.1%
20001,67013.5%
20101,7243.2%
20201,619−6.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2020 census[edit]

Langston town, Oklahoma – Racial and Ethnic Composition
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[9] Pop 2020[10] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 44 154 2.55% 9.51%
Black or African American alone (NH) 1,592 1,259 92.34% 77.76%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 13 81 0.75% 5.00%
Asian alone (NH) 7 12 0.41% 0.74%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 2 2 0.12% 0.12%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 1 2 0.06% 0.12%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 30 67 1.74% 4.14%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 35 42 2.03% 2.59%
Total 1,724 1,619 100.00% 100.00%

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,670 people, 199 households, and 92 families residing in the town. The population density was 896.5 inhabitants per square mile (346.1/km2). There were 246 housing units at an average density of 132.1 per square mile (51.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 3.29% White, 93.29% African American, 1.26% Native American, 0.24% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population.

There were 199 households, out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 16.1% were married couples living together, 27.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.3% were non-families. 37.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 7.6% under the age of 18, 75.3% from 18 to 24, 8.4% from 25 to 44, 4.9% from 45 to 64, and 3.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $14,722, and the median income for a family was $26,042. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $20,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,602. About 23.5% of families and 33.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.1% of those under age 18 and 40.0% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the 2016 presidential election, the city gave over 90% of the vote to the Democratic Party candidate Hillary Clinton. Despite Logan County voting over 70% for Republican Donald Trump, the heavy black majority in Langston carried the city for Clinton. Gary Johnson received more votes than Donald Trump in the precinct containing Langston University.[11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McCabe founded of the Langston City Herald newspaper in October 1890.[5]
  2. ^ The townsite was actually owned by a white man, Charles Robbins, who surveyed and filed a plat in 1891. The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture asserts that the two men collaborated in promoting the town.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Langston, Oklahoma
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ CensusViewer: Population of the City of Langston, Oklahoma
  5. ^ a b c d e Larry O'Dell, "Langston," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed May 30, 2015.
  6. ^ a b Rummel, Jack (2003). African-American Social Leaders and Activists. Jack Rummel. ISBN 9781438107820.
  7. ^ Oklahoma Historical Society. "All Black Towns" retrieved May 29, 2021.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Langston town, Oklahoma". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Langston town, Oklahoma". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "How Oklahoma Voted: Interactive Maps with Precinct-Level Results". November 9, 2016.
  12. ^ O'Dell, Larry. "All-Black Towns". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2012.

External links[edit]