Languages Other Than English

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LOTE or Languages Other Than English is the name given to language subjects besides English in Australia, New York City, and other[vague] schools. The name evolved from 'heritage language', a term first used to refer to languages other than French and English in Canada. Later modified in relation to Australia to refer to languages other than English.[1] LOTEs have often historically been related to the policy of multiculturalism, and tend to reflect the predominant non-English languages spoken in a school's local area, the idea being to play a part in the maintenance of cultural identities in local communities.[citation needed]

LOTE is also used to describe written material presented in languages other than English.[2]

LOTE in Australia[edit]

LOTE is becoming an increasingly popular subject in Australian Schools. The Draft Shape of the Australian Curriculum: Languages, produced by ACARA, has suggested three tiers of languages to be taught in Australian schools in 2011:[3]

Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3
Italian Japanese Arabic
Chinese French Modern Greek
Indonesian Vietnamese

Tier 1 languages were chosen because they cater for the needs of the greatest number of students. Italian is learnt by the most students and Chinese is a national priority.[3]

Tier 2 languages were chosen because French, Japanese, Indonesian and German are some of the most frequently taught languages in Australian schools, Indonesian, Japanese and Korean are national priorities and Spanish "is a language of global importance".[3]

Tier 3 languages were chosen because Arabic, Modern Greek and Vietnamese are the most frequently spoken foreign languages in Australian homes, and Arabic "is a language of global importance".[3]


  1. ^ King, Kendall A.; Ennser-Kananen, Johanna (5 November 2012). "Heritage Languages and Language Policy". The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. doi:10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0500. ISBN 9781405194730. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Cultivating Non-English Collections: a unique partnership that alleviates the pain of librarians in multi-language communities | Offices of the American Library Association". Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d "Draft Shape of the Australian Curriculum: Languages" (PDF). p. 35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 March 2016.

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