Languages of Botswana

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Languages of Botswana
Official languagesEnglish, Tswana
National languagesTswana, Sekalalaka, Seherero

The official languages of Botswana are English and Tswana. English, which was inherited from colonial rule (see: Bechuanaland Protectorate), is the official business language of Botswana, and most written communication is in English. A majority of the population speaks Tswana, but there are over 20 much smaller languages. Botswana also has many dying languages and also many expanding languages.

Official languages[edit]


The official business language of Botswana is English. It is useful for people to speak English, as most of the written communication and official business texts are written in English.


The main spoken language of Botswana is Tswana. Tswana is spoken by most of the population. It is often used as a purely spoken language, as most written things are written in English.[1]

Other languages[edit]

Although there are two clear official languages, there are other languages that a large percentage of the population speaks. Over 90% of the population speak a Bantu language natively. The most common Bantu languages spoken are Tswana/Setswana (estimated to be spoken natively by 77.3%, though the real number may by higher), Kalanga (7.4%), Kgalagadi (3.4%), Shona (2%), Mbukushu (1.6%) and Ndebele (1%). 1.7% speak Tshwa (a Khoe language) and 0.1% speak !Xóõ, a Tuu language (both non-Bantu). A further 2.8% also speak English, the official language as their first language, and a small number speak Afrikaans.[2]


  1. ^ "The Languages spoken in Botswana". Studylands. Retrieved 2016-10-24.
  2. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". Retrieved 2016-09-19.

External links[edit]