Languages of Kazakhstan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Languages of Kazakhstan
Idioma kazajo.png
The Kazakh-speaking world:
  regions where Kazakh is the language of the majority
  regions where Kazakh is the language of a significant minority
OfficialKazakh (national/state language), Russian (official)
MainKazakh language.
IndigenousDialects of Kazakh language
MinorityGerman; Uzbek; Uyghur; Tatar; Kyrgyz; Azerbaijan; Korean;
ImmigrantTurkic languages
ForeignEnglish; Arabic (coming with Islam); Chinese;
Keyboard layout
The Kazakh keyboard.
SourceLanguages committee of the Ministry of culture and sports
AlphabetKazakh alphabets
Kazakh Braille

The official languages of Kazakhstan are Kazakh with 5,290,000 speakers around the country and Russian which is spoken by 6,230,000 people. Both Kazakh and Russian are used on equal grounds.[1] German (30,400 speakers), Tajiki, Tatar (328,000 speakers), Turkish, Ukrainian (898,000 speakers), Uyghur (300,000 speakers),[2] and Uzbek are officially recognized by the 1997 Language Law, No. 151-1.[3]

Other languages natively spoken in Kazakhstan are Dungan, Ili Turki, Ingush, Plautdietsch, and Sinte Romani. A number of more recent immigrant languages, such as Belarusian, Korean, Azeri, and Greek are also spoken.[4]

In Nazarbayev's resignation speech of 2019, he projects that people of Kazakhstan in the future can speak three languages (Kazakh, Russian and English).[5]


  1. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Article 7". Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  2. ^ "The Languages spoken in Kazakhstan". Studycountry. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  3. ^ "О языках в Республике Казахстан". Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  4. ^ "Kazakhstan". Ethnologue. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Address of the Head of State Nursultan Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan". Mission of Kazakhstan to the United Nations. 2019-03-19.