Republic of is a mostly bilingual country, where both Paraguay Spanish, an Indo-European language, and Guaraní, an indigenous language of the Tupian family, have official status. [1 ]
Spanish and Guaraní [ edit ]
Spanish is spoken by about 87% of the population, while Guaraní is spoken by more than 90%, with about 4,650,000 speakers. 52% of rural Paraguayans are monolingual in Guaraní.
73% of the population is bilingual in both languages, while only 27% is monolingual either in Spanish or in Guaraní. [2 ]
Guaraní is the only
indigenous language of the Americas whose speakers include a large proportion of non-indigenous people. This is an anomaly in the Americas where language shift towards European colonial languages (in this case, the other official language of Spanish) has otherwise been a nearly universal cultural and identity marker of mestizos (people of mixed Spanish and Amerindian ancestry), and also of culturally assimilated, upwardly-mobile Amerindian people.
Other languages [ edit ]
About 50,000 Paraguayans speak an indigenous language besides Guaraní:
Besides Spanish, Guaraní and all other previous languages,
Portuguese, Plautdietsch, Standard German and Italian are spoken as well. [2 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]