Languages of the Gambia
In The Gambia, Mandingo is spoken as a first language by 38% of the population, Pulaar by 21%, Wolof by 18%, Soninke by 9%, Jola by 4.5%, Serer by 2.4%, Manjak and Bainouk by 1.6% each, and Portuguese Creole by 1%. Several other languages are spoken by smaller numbers. Gambian Sign Language is used by the deaf.
English is the main language for official purposes and education.