Demographics of the United Arab Emirates

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of the United Arab Emirates, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1950 70,000 —    
1960 90,000 +28.6%
1970 232,000 +157.8%
1980 1,016,000 +337.9%
1990 1,809,000 +78.1%
2000 3,033,000 +67.7%
2010 7,512,000 +147.7%
Source: UN[1]:162

Population growth in the United Arab Emirates is among the highest in world, mostly due to immigration. According to census data there was a sevenfold increase between 1975 and 2005.

Emirate census 1975 census 1985 census 1995 census 2005 est. 2010
Abu Dhabi 211,812 566,036 942,463 1,399,484
Dubai 183,187 370,788 689,420 1,321,453
Sharjah 78,790 228,317 402,792 793,573
Ajman 16,690 54,546 121,491 206,997
Umm Al-Quwain 6,908 19,285 35,361 49,159
Ras Al-Khaimah 43,845 96,578 143,334 210,063
Fujairah 16,655 43,753 76,180 125,698
Total 557,887 1,379,303 2,411,041 4,106,427 7,512,000 (UN)[1]
8,190,000 (NBS)[2]

Population pyramids[3][edit]

Vital statistics[edit]

UN estimates[edit]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR CDR NC TFR IMR
1950-1955 4 000 2 000 2 000 49.4 20.8 28.6 6.97 175
1955-1960 4 000 2 000 3 000 49.3 18.0 31.3 6.97 156
1960-1965 5 000 2 000 4 000 46.3 13.2 33.2 6.87 120
1965-1970 8 000 2 000 6 000 41.2 8.7 32.5 6.77 77
1970-1975 12 000 2 000 10 000 32.6 6.4 26.2 6.36 51
1975-1980 23 000 4 000 19 000 29.1 4.6 24.5 5.66 36
1980-1985 36 000 4 000 32 000 30.5 3.7 26.8 5.23 25
1985-1990 45 000 5 000 40 000 28.4 3.1 25.4 4.83 17
1990-1995 48 000 5 000 42 000 23.0 2.5 20.4 3.88 12
1995-2000 49 000 6 000 43 000 18.1 2.1 16.0 2.97 10
2000-2005 57 000 6 000 51 000 16.2 1.7 14.4 2.38 8
2005-2010 81 000 8 000 73 000 14.0 1.4 12.6 1.86 7
CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Source: United National World Population Prospects[1]

Births and deaths [4]

Year Population (x1000) Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
2009 76 366 7 789 68 577
2010 79 625 7 414 72 211
2011 83 950 7 350 76 600

People from other immigration jurisdictions[edit]

Nationality Residents[5]
India 2,200,000
Pakistan 1,200,000
Bangladesh 1,000,000
Philippines 700,000
Iran 500,000
Egypt 450,000
Sri Lanka 300,000
Afghanistan 300,000
Jordan 250,000
Syria 240,000
China 180,000
Iraq 150,000
Lebanon 150,000
Nepal 125,000
United Kingdom 120,000
Indonesia 100,000
South Africa 100,000
Morocco 100,000
Ethiopia 100,000
Yemen 90,000
Sudan 79,000
Somalia 50,000
United States 50,000
Canada 40,000
Kenya 36,000
Russia 18,000
Australia 16,000
Serbia 15,000
Colombia 14,000
Spain 12,000
France 10,000
Germany 10,000
Turkey 10,000
Algeria 10,000

Ethnic groups[6][edit]

Languages[edit]

A trilingual (Arabic, English, Urdu) signboard in the UAE.

Arabic is the official and national language of the UAE. The Gulf dialect of Arabic is spoken natively by the Emirati people.[7] The yamani language (Original Arab language) is also spoken natively by some Emiratis.[8] Emirati Sign Language appears to be used by at least part of the deaf community. Apart from Arabic, English is widely used as a second language. Other languages spoken in the UAE, due to immigration, include Malayalam, Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Cebuano, Pashto, Kannada, Bengali, Punjabi, Tamil, Baluchi (Southern Baluchi), Russian, Somali, Tagalog, Nepali, Mandarin and Telugu and Spanish.

Religions[6][edit]


CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

Age structure[edit]

  • 0-14 years: 20.4% (male 500,928/female 678,388)
  • 15–64 years: 78.7% (male 2,768,030/female 3,008,404)
  • 65 years and over: 0.9% (male 27,601/female 15,140)
  • note: 73.9% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2010 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

  • 2.58% (2015 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

  • 12.36 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

  • at birth:
  • 1.05 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 15–64 years: 2.75 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 1.8 male(s)/female
  • total population: 2.2 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

  • total population:
  • 76.33 years
  • male: 73.75 years
  • female: 79.01 years (2010 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

  • 2.35 children born/woman (2015 est.)

Citizenship[edit]

  • noun:Emirati(s) (Emirian[s])
  • adjective: Emirati (Emirian)

Literacy[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  2. ^ "Population leaps to 8.19 million". UAE Interact. May 30, 2010. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Demographic Yearbook". UN Data. United Nations. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  4. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
  5. ^ http://gulfnews.com/news/uae/general/uae-population-likely-to-cross-5m-1.536014
  6. ^ a b "Middle East :: UNITED ARAB EMIRATES". CIA The World Factbook. 
  7. ^ Christensen, Shane (2010). Frommer's Dubai. John Wiley & Sons. p. 174. ISBN 978-0470711781. 
  8. ^ "Lari language". 
  9. ^ The World Factbook - United Arab Emirates