Lanier County, Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lanier County, Georgia
Lanier County Courthouse.jpg
Lanier County Courthouse in Lakeland
Map of Georgia highlighting Lanier County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1920
Named for Sidney Lanier
Seat Lakeland
Largest city Lakeland
 • Total 200 sq mi (518 km2)
 • Land 185 sq mi (479 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (39 km2), 7.3%
 • (2010) 10,078
 • Density 54/sq mi (21/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Lanier County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,078.[1] The county seat and only incorporated municipality is Lakeland.[2] The county is named after the Georgia poet Sidney Lanier.

Lanier County is part of the Valdosta, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Lanier shares Moody Air Force Base with Lowndes County on its western boundary.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 200 square miles (520 km2), of which 185 square miles (480 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (7.3%) is water.[3]

The vast majority of Lanier County is located in the Alapaha River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin. Just a narrow section of the western border of the county, northeast and southeast of Ray City, is located in the Withlacoochee River sub-basin of the same Suwannee River basin, and a very narrow section of the eastern border of Lanier County is located in the Upper Suwannee River sub-basin of the same Suwannee River basin.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge sign

The Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1985, hosts approximately 20,000 visitors annually. It provides hiking, fishing, and boating opportunities on more than 4,000 acres (16 km2) of water, Banks Lake marsh, and swamp. The Robert Simpson III Nature Trail, dedicated in August 2001, is located within the Lakeland, Georgia city limits on 75 acres (300,000 m2) of pine and hardwood forests. The county is famous for its excellent fishing in the Alapaha River, Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge as well as in its many small lakes.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 5,190
1940 5,632 8.5%
1950 5,151 −8.5%
1960 5,097 −1.0%
1970 5,031 −1.3%
1980 5,654 12.4%
1990 5,531 −2.2%
2000 7,847 41.9%
2010 10,078 28.4%
Est. 2014 10,373 [5] 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 7,847 people, 2,893 households, and 1,931 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 3,011 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.61% White, 20.63% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,593 households out of which 37.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.50% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 30.50% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 102.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,171, and the median income for a family was $54,512. Males had a median income of $46,023 versus $39,021 for females. The per capita income for the county was $43,690. About 5.30% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 14.20% of those age 65 or over.


The county's economy has remained rural in nature, but the educational, health, and social service sector was the largest employment category in 2006. Factors contributing to this economy include the presence of Moody Air Force Base (shared by adjoining Lowndes County), the several lakes and nature reserve, the hospital, and a large state correctional facility.

The top ten employers in Lanier County are:[citation needed]

  • Moody Air Force Base
  • Oscar Mayer Wiener, inc.
  • Farmers & Merchants Bank
  • Louis Smith Hospital
  • Patten Probation Detention Center
  • Georgia Department of Corrections
  • Patten Seed Company
  • City of Lakeland, Georgia
  • Wausau Homes, Inc
  • J.H. Harvey Co, LLC (parent company of Harvey Supermarkets)


  • Lanier County News - Legal organ and hometown newspaper since 1913. The paper was originally named The Milltown Advocate, but changed its name after Lanier County was formed in 1920.
  • Lanier County Advocate (newspaper) - Legal organ newspaper as of January 1, 2015.

Historic sites[edit]

Historic sites include Governor Eurith D. Rivers' home, which was moved from its original spot on Banks Lake to West Main Street in Lakeland in the early 1980s; Union Baptist Church, located near Georgia Highway 135; and Fender Cemetery, located east of Lakeland at the junction of U.S. 221 and Georgia Highway 37 on land that once belonged to David Fender. The site of the cemetery, in which many of the area's first settlers are buried, was chosen so that mourners would not have to ferry their dead across the river for burial. Also, the "Murals of Milltown," which depict community life in the 1920s, grace the exteriors of buildings in downtown Lakeland.



Unincorporated communities[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-27. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 31°02′N 83°04′W / 31.04°N 83.06°W / 31.04; -83.06