Lansallos

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Lansallos
Lansallos - geograph.org.uk - 1511761.jpg
Lansallos is located in Cornwall
Lansallos
Lansallos
Lansallos shown within Cornwall
Population1,592 (United Kingdom Census 2011 including Crumplehorn and Polperro)
OS grid referenceSX173516
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLOOE
Postcode districtPL13
Dialling code01503
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireCornwall
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°20′10″N 4°34′05″W / 50.336°N 4.568°W / 50.336; -4.568Coordinates: 50°20′10″N 4°34′05″W / 50.336°N 4.568°W / 50.336; -4.568

Lansallos (Latin: Lansalux; Cornish: Lansalwys, meaning St Salwys' church[1]) is a village in the civil parish of Polperro in south Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated between Polruan and Polperro about 5 miles (8 km) east of Fowey in Liskeard Registration District.

Lansallos forms a ecclesiastical parish, including the hamlets of Landaviddy and Raphael, and lies on the South West Coast Path near Polperro. The civil parish is bordered by Looe to the east, Pelynt to the north and Lanteglos-by-Fowey to the west, whilst the ecclesiastical parish is nowadays combined with Talland its neighbour to the east forming a joint benefice. Its population in the 2001 census was 1,584, including Bocaddon and increasing to 1,592 at the 2011 census.[2]

History and notable buildings[edit]

Lansallos is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1086) as the manor of Lansalhas; it was one of 28 manors held by Richard from Robert, Count of Mortain. There was one hide of land and land for 5 ploughs. There were 2 ploughs, 3 serfs, 2 villeins and 2 smallholders. There were 30 acres of pasture, 34 sheep and 11 other beasts. The value of the manor was 10 shillings.[3]

Lansallos takes its name from a monastery dedicated to St Salwys: this ancient parish has an ecclesiastical Rector,[4] whose church is dedicated to St Ildierna (in Latin: Sanctus Heldrenus), situated in the historic village at OS Grid ref SX172515.

Lansallos Church

Lansallos parish church as it exists today was built in the 15th century and consists of a chancel, nave of six bays, north and south aisles (the north aisle is incomplete and ends with a pre-existing north transept wall), south porch and west tower.[5] This building was preceded by a Norman church and its rededication is recorded in 1321. The chronicler William Worcester, when visiting Fowey, recorded that the church contained the remains of St Hyldren, reputedly a bishop; however documentary evidence indicates that the parish patron saint was female. St Hyldren's feast was February 1.[6] The advowson was a rectory formerly belonging to the Hywysche family whose seat at "Rathwylle" (Raphael) had its own chapel, mentioned in 1332.[7] The church's features of interest include the good carved wagon roofs, the square Norman font ornamented with a "tree of life", 16th-century benches and bench ends, of which 34 remain, and its Jacobean vestment cupboards. A rare contemporary slate memorial tablet survives commemorating Margaret Smith (died 1579), the work of the stonemason, Peter Crocker.[8] In 2005 a fire started in the northern aisle of the church, causing serious damage to the building.[9]

A track leads down from the village to Lansallos Cove. The base of the track has been cut through the slate rock and there are visible wheel ruts. This indicates track was heavily used, possibly to collect sand and seaweed to be used as fertiliser, and possibly for smuggling.[10][11]

A cross now in the churchyard was mentioned by Arthur Langdon (1896) as being in a field west of the churchyard. In 1919 the rector had it erected in the churchyard.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "We have one saint "Salwys" giving name to the lan and another saint "Ildierna" being esteemed the patroness".--Charles Henderson, in Cornish Church Guide (1925 Truro: Blackford; p. 133
  2. ^ "2011 census". Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  3. ^ Thorn, C., et al., ed. (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 5,3,7
  4. ^ Lansallos; BBC
  5. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., rev. by Enid Radcliffe. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 93
  6. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 10
  7. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; pp. 132-33
  8. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., rev. by Enid Radcliffe. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 93
  9. ^ "BBC NEWS | England | Cornwall | Medieval church damaged in fire". BBC News. London: BBC. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  10. ^ "MNA103029 | National Trust Heritage Records". Retrieved 2018-03-17.
  11. ^ "MNA167335 | National Trust Heritage Records". Retrieved 2018-03-17.
  12. ^ Langdon, A. G. (2005) Stone Crosses in East Cornwall; 2nd ed. Federation of Old Cornwall Societies; p. 41

External links[edit]