Lansallos

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Lansallos
Cornish: Lansalwys
Lansallos Church.JPG
Lansallos Church
Lansallos is located in Cornwall
Lansallos
Lansallos
 Lansallos shown within Cornwall
Population 1,685 (Parish, 2011)
OS grid reference SX173516
Civil parish Lansallos
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LOOE
Postcode district PL13
Dialling code 01503
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South East Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Coordinates: 50°20′10″N 4°34′05″W / 50.336°N 4.568°W / 50.336; -4.568

Lansallos (Latin: Lansalux; Cornish: Lansalwys, meaning St Salwys' church[1]) is a village and civil parish in south Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated between Polruan and Polperro about 5 miles (8 km) east of Fowey in Liskeard Registration District.

Lansallos forms both civil and ecclesiastical parishes, including the hamlets of Landaviddy and Raphael, and lies on the South West Coast Path near Polperro. The civil parish is bordered by Looe to the east, Pelynt to the north and Lanteglos-by-Fowey to the west, whilst the ecclesiastical parish is nowadays combined with Talland its neighbour to the east forming a joint benefice. Its population in the 2001 census was 1,584, increasing to 1,685 at the 2011 census.[2]

History and notable buildings[edit]

Lansallos is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1086) as the manor of Lansalhas; it was one of 28 manors held by Richard from Robert, Count of Mortain. There was one hide of land and land for 5 ploughs. There were 2 ploughs, 3 serfs, 2 villeins and 2 smallholders. There were 30 acres of pasture, 34 sheep and 11 other beasts. The value of the manor was 10 shillings.[3]

Lansallos takes its name from a monastery dedicated to St Salwys: this ancient parish has an ecclesiastical Rector,[4] whose church is dedicated to St Ildierna (in Latin: Sanctus Heldrenus), situated in the historic village at OS Grid ref SX172515.

Lansallos parish church as it exists today was built in the 15th century and consists of a chancel, nave of six bays, north and south aisles (the north aisle is incomplete and ends with a pre-existing north transept wall), south porch and west tower.[5] This building was preceded by a Norman church and its rededication is recorded in 1321. The chronicler William Worcester, when visiting Fowey, recorded that the church contained the remains of St Hyldren, reputedly a bishop; however documentary evidence indicates that the parish patron saint was female. St Hyldren's feast was February 1.[6] The advowson was a rectory formerly belonging to the Hywysche family whose seat at "Rathwylle" (Raphael) had its own chapel, mentioned in 1332.[7] The church's features of interest include the good carved wagon roofs, the square Norman font ornamented with a "tree of life", 16th-century benches and bench ends, of which 34 remain, and its Jacobean vestment cupboards. A rare contemporary slate memorial tablet survives commemorating Margaret Smith (died 1579), the work of the stonemason, Peter Crocker.[8] In 2005 a fire started in the northern aisle of the church, causing serious damage to the building.[9]

See also[edit]

Lansallos

References[edit]

  1. ^ "We have one saint "Salwys" giving name to the lan and another saint "Ildierna" being esteemed the patroness".--Charles Henderson, in Cornish Church Guide (1925 Truro: Blackford; p. 133
  2. ^ "2011 census". Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Thorn, C., et al., ed. (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 5,3,7
  4. ^ Lansallos; BBC
  5. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., rev. by Enid Radcliffe. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 93
  6. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 10
  7. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; pp. 132-33
  8. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., rev. by Enid Radcliffe. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 93
  9. ^ "BBC NEWS | England | Cornwall | Medieval church damaged in fire". BBC News (London: BBC). Retrieved 17 February 2015. 

External links[edit]