|Prime Minister of Guinea|
1 March 2007 – 23 May 2008
|Preceded by||Eugène Camara|
|Succeeded by||Ahmed Tidiane Souaré|
Koba, Guinea (then a colony of France)
Lansana Kouyaté (born 1950) is a Guinean politician and diplomat who served as Prime Minister of Guinea from 2007 to 2008. Previously he was Executive Secretary of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) from 1997 to 2002.
Background and earlier career
Kouyaté was born in Koba, Guinea, then a French colony. He studied administration at the University of Conakry before joining the civil service. In 1976, he was appointed as Director of Labour, then the following year, moved to become Director of Trade, Prices and Statistics, where he had responsibility for state-owned companies. 
In 1982, Kouyaté worked on a rice development project, then moved to the diplomatic service, joining Guinea's delegation in Cote d'Ivoire. In 1985, he returned to the Foreign Ministry in Conakry as head of African and Organisation of African Unity affairs. Two years later, he became Guinea's ambassador to Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Sudan, Syria and Turkey. In 1992, he became Guinea's Permanent Representative at the United Nations, where he became Vice President of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. 
In 1993, he was appointed as the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Somalia for the UNOSOM II mission, then in February 1994 became the Acting Representative.  In June 1994, he became the Assistant Secretary-General in the UN Department of Political Affairs,  one of his first missions being a tour around ECOWAS member states to discuss the situation in Liberia. He continued his involvement in discussions to build regional support for a resolution of the First Liberian Civil War.  He left this job in September 1997 to become the Executive Secretary of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), a post he held until February 2002.
As a result of a general strike in early 2007, Kouyaté was nominated for the post of Prime Minister of Guinea on 26 February 2007. He was selected by President Lansana Conté from a list provided by trade union leaders. On 1 March, he was sworn in as Prime Minister at a ceremony in Conakry; Conté was not present. His government was named on 28 March, composed of 19 ministers and three secretaries of state; it contained none of the members of the old government.
On 5 December 2007, a decree restructuring ministries increased the powers of the Secretary-General of the Presidency at the expense of those of the Prime Minister, and on 3 January 2008 Conté dismissed and replaced Justin Morel Junior, the Minister of Communication and Government Spokesman, without consulting Kouyaté. On 4 January, Kouyaté demanded that Morel be restored to his position and said that he would not sit at the Council of Ministers with Morel's replacement. Labor unions announced plans to begin a new "unlimited general strike" on 10 January, demanding that Conté's agreement with the unions be properly implemented and that Morel be restored. Kouyaté's government chose to attempt to resolve the situation through dialogue with Conté in hopes of maintaining peace. On 9 January, the unions withdrew their call for a strike.
Tensions between Kouyaté and Conté increased over the decision by Kouyaté's government to repatriate Chantal Cole, Conté's advisor in charge of communications at the presidential palace, to France; in addition, they disagreed over Kouyaté's decision to allow Libyans to manage luxury hotels.
Dismissal and subsequent events
In a decree read on state television on 20 May 2008, Kouyaté was dismissed by Conté and replaced by Ahmed Tidiane Souaré. This was considered surprising; it had been generally believed that Kouyaté would not be dismissed prior to the planned December 2008 parliamentary election. Following the announcement, protests were reported in Conakry and Kouroussa, although the cities were reportedly calm again by 21 May; protests were also reported in Kankan on 20 May and 21 May.
Kouyaté was widely considered a disappointment in his role as Prime Minister, and his unpopularity meant that his dismissal was not greeted with major unrest of the kind that led to his appointment a year earlier; in particular, his time in office was associated with rising food prices, deepening the country's economic problems. He was also accused of having presidential ambitions. Because he had not consulted with the opposition when forming his government and had not invited opposition politicians to participate in it, the opposition welcomed his dismissal and urged Souaré to avoid his mistakes. The Secretary-General of the Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea (UFDG), Amadou Oury Bah, described Kouyaté as "a danger to the democratic process". One union leader, Rabiatou Serah Diallo, said that until the composition of Souaré's government was announced, she had nothing to say. Souaré was sworn in on 23 May; Kouyaté was not present at the ceremony, as he was unable to leave his home due to a crowd of supporters outside of it.
Many soldiers, dissatisfied over their failure to receive wage arrears, were unhappy with Kouyaté's dismissal, feeling that it left them with no one to whom they could address their grievances. On 26 May 2008, unrest broke out among the soldiers as they demanded their wage arrears.
- "Guineans back to work after deal", BBC News, 27 February 2007.
- "Kouyate takes his oath in Conakry", AFP (IOL), 2 March 2007.
- "Guinea PM appoints new government", Al Jazeera, 29 March 2007.
- "Tensions en Guinée: préavis de grève générale à partir du 10 janvier", AFP, 4 January 2008 (French).
- "Guinée: Le gouvernement privilégie la concertation avec Conté", Panapress, 5 January 2008 (French).
- "Guinée: mot d'ordre de grève générale levé, selon un syndicaliste", AFP, 9 January 2008 (French).
- "Guinean Prime Minister removed from office", African Press Agency, 20 May 2008.
- "Guinée: le Premier ministre Lansana Kouyaté limogé par le président Conté", AFP, 20 May 2008 (French).
- James Butty, "Guinea's Consensus Prime Minister Sacked", VOA News, 20 May 2008.
- "Guinea's president fires prime minister", Associated Press, 21 May 2008.
- "Guinea: New threat to stability with dismissal of PM", IRIN, 21 May 2008.
- "Some Guinean youths protest Premier’s removal", African Press Agency, 21 May 2008.
- "Limogeage de Lansana Kouyaté, syndicats et opposition dans l'attente", AFP, 21 May 2008 (French).
- "Guinean new Premier sworn in Friday", African Press Agency, 23 May 2008.
- "Politique: En l'absence de Lansana Kouyaté, Tidjane Souaré installé à la tête de la Primature par le secrétaire général de la Présidence", Guineenews, 23 May 2008 (French).
- "Angry soldiers embark on rampage in Guinea", Sapa-AFP, 28 May 2008.
|Executive Secretary of the Economic Community of West African States
Mohamed Ibn Chambas
|Prime Minister of Guinea
Ahmed Tidiane Souaré