Lantana montevidensis

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A low and spreading shrub with dense growth habit,reaching 12-18in. high and 5-10ft. Across. Foliage consists of dark green leaves, 1-2in. long with toothed margins; showy flower heads of purple and white occur from summer through fall and intermittently year around.

Trailing lantana is native to subtropical regions of South America. It is commonly planted in California as a slope and erosion control plant on dry hillside, in parkways and along highways.

Lantana montevidensis
Lantana montevidensis 01.JPG
Inflorescence
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Verbenaceae
Genus: Lantana
Species: L. montevidensis
Binomial name
Lantana montevidensis
Synonyms

Lantana sellowiana
Lippia montevidensis

Description[edit]

Lantana montevidensis is a small strongly scented flowering low shrub with oval-shaped green leaves. With support it has a climbing 'vine' form, when on edge a trailing form, and on the flat a groundcover form.

The inflorescence is a circular head of several purple to lavender to white funnel-shaped flowers with lobed corollas each nearly a centimeter wide. Yellow-flowered montevidensis are a case of misidentification and most often relate to the "New Gold" lantana Lantana × hybrida, a hybrid between camara and montevidensis. Occasionally these yellow-flowered plants are misidentified Lantana depressa var. depressa, a Florida endemic taxon more closely related to Lantana camara with smaller, less robust flowers.[1]

The fruit consists of a pair of nutlets surrounded by flesh somewhat like a berry.

Blossoms and foliage.
Trailing down a wall.

Cultivation[edit]

Lantana montevidensis is also cultivated as an ornamental plant for its plentiful colorful lavender to purple flowers and as a drought tolerant groundcover, woody vine, and trailing plant for containers and in the ground.

In temperate climates there are flowers most the year, with yellow blooming and variegated leaved cultivars also available.

Invasive species[edit]

The plant is present nearly worldwide as an introduced species of garden and landscape plant, and in some areas, such as parts of Australia and Hawaii, now a noxious weed and invasive species. This plant is toxic to livestock.

Etymology[edit]

The name Lantana derives from the Latin name of the wayfaring tree Viburnum lantana, the flowers of which closely resemble Lantana.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sanders, R.W. (2012). "Taxonomy of Lantana sect Lantana (Verbenaceae". Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas. 6 (2): 403–442.
  2. ^ Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 230

External links[edit]