Lanzhou Zhongchuan International Airport

Coordinates: 36°30′54″N 103°37′12″E / 36.51500°N 103.62000°E / 36.51500; 103.62000
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lanzhou Zhongchuan International Airport

Lanzhou Airport 01.jpg
Airport typePublic
OperatorGansu Airport Group
LocationZhongchuan, Lanzhou New Area, Gansu
Opened26 July 1970; 52 years ago (1970-07-26)
Elevation AMSL1,947 m / 6,388 ft
Coordinates36°30′54″N 103°37′12″E / 36.51500°N 103.62000°E / 36.51500; 103.62000
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
LHW is located in Gansu
LHW is located in China
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2021)
Cargo73,108.3 tons
Aircraft movements102,288
Lanzhou Zhongchuan International Airport
Simplified Chinese兰州中川国际机场
Traditional Chinese蘭州中川國際機場

Lanzhou Zhongchuan International Airport (IATA: LHW, ICAO: ZLLL) is an airport serving Lanzhou, the capital of Gansu Province, China. It is located 71 kilometres (44 mi) northwest of downtown Lanzhou. It was opened in 1970[1] and serves as a major air hub for the province of Gansu and western China. There are eight gates served by aerobridges in the terminal. A new larger (61,000 m2) Terminal 2 is located to the South, adjacent to the existing terminal.[2] The new terminal adds nine aerobridges.

Lanzhou Airport is a focus city for Hainan Airlines. Passenger traffic at Lanzhou Airport in 2014 was 6.58 million, with 10 million passengers per year projected for 2020.[3]


Lanzhou's first airport, Gongxingdun Airport, was located just 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the city centre. By 1957, the Civil Aviation Administration of China decided that Gongxingun Airport's location was too restrictive for the aviation needs of Lanzhou and designated a new site near Zhongchuan town. Due to the geography of Lanzhou, this closest suitable location is 71 km (44 mi) from downtown Lanzhou, which makes it the Chinese airport furthest from the center of the city it serves.[4]

In 1968 construction was started on Lanzhou airport and on July 26, 1970, the maiden flight took place with the first aircraft landing of an Ilyushin Il-14. On June 15, 1997, an expansion project was officially started.[5]

In 2010, Lanzhou airport's passenger throughput exceeded 3 million people a year.[6] and the second expansion project started.[5] Lanzhou Airport Terminal 2 officially started construction in 2010, after preliminary design approval and with an investment budget of 1.488 billion yuan.[7] In 2013, Lanzhou airport's passenger throughput exceeded 5 million passengers per annum, increasing the official Lanzhou airport ranking among the major airports within China.[8] Terminal 2 opened in 2015[7] and later that year the Lanzhou–Zhongchuan Airport intercity railway between the airport and Lanzhou's urban area opened.

The third expansion phase started in 2019. At a cost of 31.69 billion Yuan, a new Terminal 3 will be built, two new 4000 meter long runways and facilities will be expanded. Terminal 3 will be four times larger than the current combined terminal floor area.[9][10] The entirety of adjacent namesake Zhongchuan town and several villages, totaling 10.7 square kilometres (4.1 sq mi), were demolished to make way for the expansion, and residents were relocated to Lanzhou and Lanzhou New Area.[11][12][13]

Terminal complex[edit]

While nominally two terminals, they are connected airside by a lengthy walkway and operate as a single building. Airlines operating from one terminal may use gates at the other.

Terminal 1[edit]

Shaped like the letter T, this terminal consisted of eight airbridges. The original terminal had a single airside level for arrivals and departures. Arrivals were segregated by a glass screen from departing passengers. Check-in was handled on the upper level, while the lower level housed the baggage hall.

With the opening of Terminal 2, this terminal's landside facilities have been shut down for refurbishment and parts of the terminal will be mothballed until future growth warrants the reopening of these facilities. Airside lounges, gates and shops remain in use.

Terminal 2[edit]

Designed and shaped to resemble the wing of flying geese, at 61,000m2, this terminal greatly increased the operational space at Lanzhou Airport. It added an extra two piers to the existing terminal. It houses 30 extra check-in desks, 12 passenger gates, 9 airbridges and separate levels for arriving and departing passengers. The new terminal was opened for travellers in February 2015.[3]

Terminal 3[edit]

Terminal 3 construction preparations started in 2019. It will have a floor area of 400,000 square metres (4,300,000 sq ft), dwarfing T1 and T2.[10] The terminal will have 87 gates.[9]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


9 Air Changsha, Guangzhou, Haikou,[14] Jinchang[14]
Air China Aksu, Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Hangzhou, Korla, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Wuhan
Hajj: Jeddah
Air Guilin Haikou,[15] Longnan[15]
Air Travel Nanchang
Beijing Capital Airlines Haikou, Huaihua,[16] Nanjing
Chengdu Airlines Changsha,[17] Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu,[18] Jiayuguan,[19] Jinchang, Zhangye
China Eastern Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Changchun,[20] Changsha, Chengdu–Tianfu,[20] Dunhuang, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Hefei,[21] Hohhot,[20] Jiayuguan, Jieyang,[22] Kunming, Nanchang,[23] Nanjing, Ordos,[24] Qingdao, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang,[25] Taiyuan,[20] Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an,[20] Yantai,[26] Zhengzhou, Zhuhai[27]
China Express Airlines Chongqing,[28] Dalian,[29] Hami,[28] Turpan
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Changsha, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot,[30] Nanning, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Ürümqi, Wuhan, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Yulin (Shaanxi)[20]
Donghai Airlines Huaihua,[31] Qingyang, Shenzhen, Yichang, Zhuhai
GX Airlines Haikou, Jinan, Luzhou, Nanchang, Nanning
Hainan Airlines Baotou, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hanzhong, Linfen, Linyi,[32] Nanchang, Ningbo, Sanya, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tongren,[33] Ürümqi, Xiamen
Hebei Airlines Beijing–Daxing,[34] Chongqing, Shijiazhuang,[35] Tangshan[36]
Juneyao Air Chizhou, Jinchang, Longnan,[15] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Zhangye
Loong Air Dunhuang,[37] Enshi,[38] Guangzhou,[38] Hangzhou, Jingzhou,[39] Korla,[38] Wenzhou,[39] Zhangye,[37] Zhengzhou[40]
Lucky Air Kunming, Tianjin, Urumqi
Okay Airways Nanning,[41] Sanya[41]
Qingdao Airlines Aksu,[42] Baotou,[42] Changsha,[43] Haikou,[43] Hotan,[42] Kashgar,[42] Korla,[42] Linyi,[43] Lüliang,[43] Nanchang,[43] Nanjing,[43] Qingdao, Quanzhou,[43] Ürümqi, Wenzhou,[43] Zhanjiang[43]
Ruili Airlines Jiayuguan,[19] Kunming, Lijiang, Shenyang, Sihanoukville, Tianjin,[44] Xishuangbanna
Shandong Airlines Datong, Guilin, Jinan, Qingdao, Ürümqi, Xiamen, Zhengzhou
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Ürümqi, Zhengzhou
Shenzhen Airlines Huizhou,[45] Nanning,[41] Shenzhen, Zhengzhou,[41] Zunyi–Maotai
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu,[46] Chengdu–Tianfu,[18] Chongqing, Dunhuang, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Harbin, Jiayuguan, Jinan,[47] Kunming, Sanya, Taiyuan,[48] Tianjin, Ürümqi, Xichang[49]
Spring Airlines Aksu,[50] Altay, Ankang, Bangkok–Don Mueang,[51] Changchun,[50] Changzhou,[52] Chengdu–Tianfu, Dunhuang,[53] Fuyang,[39] Fuzhou, Guangzhou,[18] Hangzhou, Hefei,[54] Huai'an, Jiayuguan,[19] Jieyang, Jinggangshan,[55] Kashgar, Luoyang,[39] Nanchang, Nanyang, Ningbo, Qingyang,[56] Quanzhou, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shaoyang, Shenyang,[57] Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin, Ürümqi,[58] Wenzhou,[54] Xiamen, Yangzhou, Yantai,[54] Zhangye,[59] Zunyi–Xinzhou
Suparna Airlines Jinan, Yining
Tianjin Airlines Bayannur, Qingyang, Tianjin, Wuhai[60]
Tibet Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Hangzhou,[61] Lhasa, Nyingchi, Shijiazhuang, Xi'an, Yantai
Urumqi Air Changsha, Hotan,[16] Kashgar, Lianyungang, Ürümqi, Yancheng, Zhengzhou
XiamenAir Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Quanzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Zhengzhou


YTO Cargo AirlinesLahore[62]

Ground transportation connections[edit]


Zhongchuan Airport Railway Station

The Lanzhou–Zhongchuan Airport intercity railway between the airport and the city started operation on 2015-09-30.[63] It provides fast train services between the Zhongchuan Airport railway station and the new major transportation hub at Lanzhou West railway station then terminates at the older Lanzhou railway station.


Shuttle bus

There are three Airport Express Shuttle Bus services available from the airport. All routes cost 30RMB.

  • Line 1 runs to the Lanzhou Eastern Hotel, Tianshui Middle Road, opposite Lanzhou University western gate. The return service leaves from opposite the JJ Sun Hotel (next to CAAC Ticket Office), Donggang West Road. Travel time is about one hour, due to the distant nature of airport from the city centre. This is the closest service to Lanzhou Railway Station.
  • Line 2 runs to Golden Lily Hotel, Xijin East Road, via Taohai Market, Anning West Road. This is the closest service to Lanzhou West Railway Station.
  • Line 3 runs to Qingshuiqiao in western Lanzhou.

Taxi service is relatively expensive due to the long distance to the airport, about 150RMB. Many taxis will be reluctant to use their meter and demand a flat 200RMB fare to downtown Lanzhou despite being illegal to do so. Overall there is little time travel advantage over using the Airport Express bus.

Departure Hall of Lanzhou Airport Terminal 1
Existing terminal as seen from the south.
New terminal at Lanzhou Airport under construction to the immediate south of the existing terminal.

See also[edit]


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External links[edit]