Lào Cai

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Lào Cai
Thành phố Lào Cai
City (Class-2)
Lào Cai City
Đền Mẫu Lào Cai 2.jpg
Lào Cai is located in Vietnam
Lào Cai
Lào Cai
Location in Vietnam
Coordinates: 22°28′50″N 103°58′30″E / 22.48056°N 103.97500°E / 22.48056; 103.97500Coordinates: 22°28′50″N 103°58′30″E / 22.48056°N 103.97500°E / 22.48056; 103.97500
CountryVietnam
ProvinceLào Cai Province
Established city30 November 2004
Area
 • Total229.67 km2 (88.68 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total98,363
ClimateCwa

Lào Cai (About this soundlisten) is a city in the Northwest region of Vietnam. It is the capital of Lào Cai Province. The city borders the city of Hekou Yao Autonomous County, in the Yunnan province of southwest China. It lies at the junction of the Red River (Sông Hồng) and the Nanxi River (Yunnan) approximately 160 miles (260 km) northwest of Hanoi.[1]

It is a market town for timber, and the Lào Cai Railway Station is located on the Hải Phòng railway to Yunnan Province in China.

History[edit]

The town was invaded by China in 1979 and the border was closed until 1993.[2][3] The town has a carbide factory. As of 2003 the district had a population of 86,855.[4] The district covers an area of 223 km².[5]

Ethnic minorities in Lao Cai used to speak Southwestern Mandarin to each other when their languages were not mutually intelligible.[6]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lào Cai
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
34.6
(94.3)
38.0
(100.4)
38.1
(100.6)
41.0
(105.8)
40.1
(104.2)
39.7
(103.5)
40.0
(104)
36.8
(98.2)
37.2
(99)
33.2
(91.8)
31.5
(88.7)
41.0
(105.8)
Average high °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
21.3
(70.3)
25.3
(77.5)
28.8
(83.8)
32.1
(89.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.7
(90.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.3
(88.3)
28.7
(83.7)
25.1
(77.2)
21.9
(71.4)
27.7
(81.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
17.0
(62.6)
20.7
(69.3)
24.2
(75.6)
27.0
(80.6)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
27.5
(81.5)
26.3
(79.3)
24.0
(75.2)
20.2
(68.4)
17.0
(62.6)
23.0
(73.4)
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
14.5
(58.1)
17.9
(64.2)
21.1
(70)
23.6
(74.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.9
(76.8)
24.4
(75.9)
23.3
(73.9)
21.2
(70.2)
17.5
(63.5)
14.3
(57.7)
20.0
(68)
Record low °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
5.6
(42.1)
6.8
(44.2)
10.0
(50)
14.8
(58.6)
18.7
(65.7)
20.0
(68)
17.3
(63.1)
15.8
(60.4)
8.8
(47.8)
5.8
(42.4)
2.8
(37)
1.4
(34.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22
(0.87)
33
(1.3)
58
(2.28)
129
(5.08)
171
(6.73)
239
(9.41)
302
(11.89)
355
(13.98)
222
(8.74)
153
(6.02)
54
(2.13)
27
(1.06)
1,764
(69.45)
Average precipitation days 7.8 8.8 11.5 15.8 16.8 18.7 20.9 21.1 15.8 14.8 10.2 7.7 169.8
Average relative humidity (%) 84.8 84.0 82.5 83.1 81.4 84.4 85.8 86.0 85.5 85.8 86.3 85.8 84.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 80 70 102 142 180 145 158 160 158 133 109 104 1,539
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lào Cai profile in Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Lào Cai info. at AccessVietnam Travel Archived 2007-12-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David: Vietnam Past and Present: The North (History and culture of Hanoi and Tonkin). Chiang Mai. Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ASIN: B006DCCM9Q.
  4. ^ "Districts of Vietnam". Statoids. Retrieved 23 March 2009.
  5. ^ "Lao Cai Administrative Map". Laocai.gov.vn. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  6. ^ Masako Ito (2013). Politics of Ethnic Classification in Vietnam. Kyoto University Press. pp. 137–. ISBN 978-1-920901-72-1.
  7. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.

External links[edit]