Laodice III

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Laodice III
Princess of Pontus
Queen of the Seleucid Empire
(Queen Consort of Syria)
Reign c. 222 BC – c. 191 BC
Coronation c. 222 BC - ceremony at Zeugma
Predecessor Consort of Seleucus III Ceraunus
Successor Euboea
King and husband Antiochus III the Great
Died 191 BC
Issue Antiochus, Seleucus IV Philopator, Ardys, an unnamed daughter who was engaged to Demetrius I of Bactria, Laodice IV, Cleopatra I Syra, Antiochis and Antiochus IV Epiphanes born as Mithridates
Dynasty Seleucid
Father Mithridates II of Pontus
Mother Laodice

Laodice III (in Greek Λαοδικη, died about 191 BC), was a Princess of Pontus and a Seleucid Queen.

Biography[edit]

She was a daughter born to King Mithridates II of Pontus who was a Persian and his wife Laodice who was a mixed-raced Greek-Persian. Her sister was Laodice of Pontus and her brother was Mithridates III of Pontus.

Laodice married her maternal first cousin, the Seleucid King Antiochus III the Great soon after his accession about 222 BC in a ceremony at Zeugma. She was proclaimed queen by Antiochus III at Antioch before he set out in his expedition against Molon. The birth of their eldest child Antiochus, took place during the absence of the king on that expedition.[1] Laodice’s name does not appear in any sources; however her name is recorded in a number of inscriptions alongside her husband’s in the later years of her husband’s reign at Sardis, Herakleia-by-Latmos (see Latmus), Iasos and Antioch.[2] When she died Antiochus III developed a cult for her and was granted divine honors alongside her husband at Teos.[3]

Laodice III bore Antiochus III eight children who were: Antiochus, Seleucus IV Philopator, Ardys, an unnamed daughter who was engaged to Demetrius I of Bactria, Laodice IV, Cleopatra I Syra, Antiochis and Antiochus IV Epiphanes born as Mithridates. After her death, Antiochus III married to Euboea of Chalcis, by whom he had no children.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Polybius, v. 43
  2. ^ Grainger, A Seleukid prosopography and gazetteer p. 49
  3. ^ Grainger, A Seleukid prosopography and gazetteer p. 49
  4. ^ http://www.livius.org/am-ao/antiochus/antiochus_iii.html

Notes[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 

External links[edit]

Laodice III
Born: Unknown Died: c. 191 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Consort of Seleucus III Ceraunus
Seleucid Queen (Queen Consort of Syria)
c. 222 BC – c. 191 BC
with Antiochus III the Great (222–187 BC)
Succeeded by
Euboea