Laponian area

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Laponian Area
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Sarek Skierffe Rapadelta.jpg
An example of the naturesque wilderness

Type Mixed
Criteria iii, v, vii, viii, ix
Reference 774
UNESCO region Europe
Coordinates 67°19′01″N 17°34′01″E / 67.317°N 17.567°E / 67.317; 17.567Coordinates: 67°19′01″N 17°34′01″E / 67.317°N 17.567°E / 67.317; 17.567
Inscription history
Inscription 1996 (20th Session)
Laponian area is located in Scandinavia
Laponian area
Location of the Laponian area in northern Sweden

The Laponian area is a large mountainous wildlife area in the Lapland province in northern Sweden, more precisely in Gällivare Municipality, Arjeplog Municipality and Jokkmokk Municipality. It was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996; the bulk of it had enjoyed protected status since the early 20th century.

The total area is about 9,400 square kilometres (3,600 sq mi), making it the world's largest unmodified nature area to be still cultured by natives—the natives in this case being the reindeer herding Sami people also known as Lapps (though this term is considered derogatory). Only parts of the area is actually used for pasture by them. With such a large space, the geography of the area varies greatly; it is dominated by mountains, rivers and lakes. Each nature reserve and national park has its distinctive features. The amount of snow in winter and rain in summer is considerable.

95% of the area is protected as national parks or nature reserves. It consists of the national parks Muddus, Sarek, Padjelanta and Stora Sjöfallet, and the nature reserves Sjaunja and Stubba. The remaining 5% are located in the areas of Sulitelma, Tjuoltadalen, and Rapadalen (part of which is in the Sarek park). The village of Porjus is a natural point of entry to the Laponian area and has recently opened an information center.

The Laponia area also contains three major hydropower stations with belonging basins and a big expansion of 100 wind power stations inside the world heritage area is planned.

The highest mountain of the area is Sarektjåhkkå, at 2,089 metres (6,854 ft).

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