Lapu-Lapu, Philippines

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This article is about the Philippine City. For the ruler of Mactan, see Lapu-Lapu. For the fish also known as "lapu-lapu", see grouper.
Lapu-Lapu
Highly Urbanized City
Aerial view over MEPZ–II
Aerial view over MEPZ–II
Official seal of Lapu-Lapu
Seal
Nickname(s): Historic Resort City
Map of Central Visayas with Lapu-Lapu highlighted
Map of Central Visayas with Lapu-Lapu highlighted
Lapu-Lapu is located in Philippines
Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°19′N 123°57′E / 10.32°N 123.95°E / 10.32; 123.95Coordinates: 10°19′N 123°57′E / 10.32°N 123.95°E / 10.32; 123.95
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu (geographically only)
District Lone district of Lapu‑Lapu
  • Founded (Opon)
  • Cityhood
  • Lone District
1730
17 June 1961
22 October 2009
Barangay
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Mayor Paz Radaza (LP)
 • Vice mayor Marcial Ycong
 • City Council
 • Representative Aileen Radaza
Area[2]
 • Total 58.10 km2 (22.43 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 408,112
 • Density 7,000/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
 • Voter(2016)[4] 188,815
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6015
IDD:area code +63 (0)32
Income class 1st class
PSGC 072226000
Website www.lapulapucity.gov.ph

Lapu-Lapu, officially the City of Lapu-Lapu (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Lapu-Lapu, Filipino: Lungsod ng Lapu-Lapu) and formerly called Opon, is a 1st city income class highly urbanized city in the region of Central Visayas, Philippines. It is one of the cities that make up Metro Cebu in the Philippines. It is geographically located in the province of Cebu, administratively independent from the province but grouped under Cebu by the Philippine Statistics Authority. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 408,112.[3] In the 2016 election, it had 188,815 registered voters.[4]

The city occupies Mactan Island, a few kilometers off the main island of Cebu. It also has some of the barangays under its jurisdiction on the Olango Island Group. The city is linked to Mandaue on mainland Cebu by the Mactan-Mandaue Bridge and Marcelo Fernan Bridge. Mactan-Cebu International Airport, the second busiest airport in the Philippines, is located in Lapu-Lapu.

History[edit]

In the 16th century Mactan Island was colonized by Spain. Augustinian friars founded the town of Opon in 1730 and it became a city in 1961. It was renamed after Datu Lapu-Lapu, the island's chieftain who defeated Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 in the Battle of Mactan, commemorated at the Lapu-Lapu shrine in Punta Engaño.

On 27 April 1521, Lapu-Lapu, a native chieftain, successfully repulsed the foreign invaders in Mactan. He defeated the Spanish troops and killed their leader, Ferdinand Magellan. The municipality of Opon was founded by the Augustinian missionaries in 1730. It was ceded to the Jesuits in 1737, and later restored to the Augustinians. When the Philippine Revolution spread to the Visayas in 1896, the people organized themselves into local revolutionary units.

During the Filipino-American War, a military government was established. The continued resistance of the people of Cebu prompted the American government to restore military control over the province on 17 July 1901. In 1905, Opon held its first municipal election and Pascual dela Serna was elected town president.

The presence of oil tanks in Opon made the town an object of Japanese raids a week after the outbreak of World War II in December 1941. The enemy planes succeeded in blowing up two of about fourteen oil tanks in Opon. A unit of the Kawaguchi Detachment of the Japanese Imperial Forces landed on the east coast of Cebu on 10 April 1942. Later, the resistance movement was organized by Colonel James M. Cushing, leader of the southern and central units, and Harry Fenton of the northern unit of the Cebu Resistance Movement.

The Victor II operations of the American Division led by Major General William Arnold landed in Cebu on 26 March 1945, and subsequently liberated the province.

Congressman Manuel A. Zosa, the representative of the Sixth District of Cebu, sponsored the Bill converting the former municipality of Opon into the present day city of Lapu-Lapu. This was the Republic Act 3134, known as the City Charter of Lapu-Lapu which was signed on 17 June 1961 by Philippine President Carlos P. Garcia. Lapu-Lapu was inaugurated on 31 December 1961, with Mariano Dimataga, the last municipal mayor, as the first city mayor.[5]

As a fast growing commercial city, some of its commercial and industrial firms are the General Milling Company, one of the largest in the country; the Cebu Shipyard and Engineering Works, pioneered by Dad Cleland; and the oil companies which resumed their operations after the war. The air flight in the city is served by the Mactan International Airport.

Historically, the city includes the site of the Battle of Mactan. On 1 August 1973, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 2060, President Ferdinand Marcos declared the site of the battle a national shrine; the preservation, restoration and/or reconstruction of which shall be under the supervision and control of the National Historical Commission in collaboration with the Department of Tourism. Mactan is also the birthplace of Leonila Dimataga-Garcia, wife of Carlos P. Garcia, the fourth President of the Republic.

Barangays[edit]

Lapu-Lapu comprises 30 barangays:[2]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a. Area[2] PD2015
2015[3] 2010[6] ha acre /km2 /sq mi
072226001 Agus 3.9% 15,767 8,185 13.30% 211 521 7,500 19,000
072226002 Babag 5.6% 22,756 17,721 4.88% 307 759 7,400 19,000
072226003 Bankal 5.1% 20,872 13,802 8.19% 201 497 10,000 27,000
072226004 Baring 0.8% 3,353 3,014 2.05% 91 225 3,700 9,500
072226005 Basak 14.7% 59,873 45,927 5.18% 603 1,490 9,900 26,000
072226006 Buaya 3.9% 16,072 12,123 5.52% 271 670 5,900 15,000
072226007 Calawisan 2.8% 11,454 8,433 6.00% 957 2,365 1,200 3,100
072226008 Canjulao 3.2% 13,245 11,471 2.78% 156 385 8,500 22,000
072226011 Caubian 0.6% 2,272 2,028 2.19%
072226009 Cawoy 0.5% 1,837 1,629 2.31% 42 104 4,400 11,000
072226010 Cawhagan 0.2% 638 559 2.55%
072226012 Gun-ob 7.6% 31,219 34,662 −1.97%
072226013 Ibo 2.0% 8,126 7,055 2.73%
072226014 Looc 3.9% 16,016 14,073 2.49%
072226015 Mactan 8.2% 33,465 29,262 2.59%
072226016 Maribago 4.1% 16,591 12,064 6.25%
072226017 Marigondon 4.8% 19,713 17,542 2.25%
072226018 Pajac 4.3% 17,402 16,084 1.51%
072226019 Pajo 5.1% 20,999 23,107 −1.80%
072226020 Pangan‑an 0.5% 2,070 1,767 3.06%
072226021 Poblacion[a] 1.4% 5,581 8,243 −7.16%
072226022 Punta Engaño 2.1% 8,753 7,106 4.05%
072226024 Pusok 7.1% 28,810 26,568 1.55%
072226025 Sabang 1.5% 6,091 5,603 1.60%
072226031 San Vicente 0.9% 3,854 3,413 2.34%
072226026 Santa Rosa 1.1% 4,302 3,934 1.72%
072226027 Subabasbas 1.5% 6,288 5,457 2.74%
072226028 Talima 1.4% 5,734 4,855 3.22%
072226029 Tingo 0.8% 3,088 2,830 1.68%
072226030 Tungasan 0.5% 1,871 1,950 −0.78%
TOTAL 408,112 350,467 2.94% 5,810 14,357 7,000 18,000

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Lapu-Lapu
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1970 69,268 —    
1980 98,723 +3.61%
1990 146,194 +4.00%
1995 194,745 +5.52%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2000 217,019 +2.35%
2007 292,530 +4.20%
2010 350,467 +6.80%
2015 408,112 +2.94%
Source: Philippine Statistics Office[3][6][7][8]

In the 2016 election, it had 188,815 registered voters, meaning that 46% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Mactan-Cebu International Airport is located in Lapu-Lapu which connected to mainland Cebu via Marcelo Fernan Bridge and Mactan-Mandaue Bridge over the sea separating the Mactan island from the island of Cebu. The airport is the main gateway to Central Visayas serving international flights to Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan and Russia. MCIA is the second busiest airport in the Philippines after Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Part of the Poblacion barangay is still called Opon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Municipal: Lapu-Lapu, Philippines". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ About Lapu Lapu City
  6. ^ a b "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  8. ^ Gonzales 2004.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]