Lapu-Lapu, Philippines

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Lapu-Lapu
Highly Urbanized City
City of Lapu-Lapu
Aerial view over MEPZ–II
Aerial view over MEPZ–II
Official seal of Lapu-Lapu
Seal
Nickname(s): Historic Resort City
Map of Central Visayas with Lapu-Lapu highlighted
Map of Central Visayas with Lapu-Lapu highlighted
Lapu-Lapu is located in Philippines
Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°19′N 123°57′E / 10.32°N 123.95°E / 10.32; 123.95Coordinates: 10°19′N 123°57′E / 10.32°N 123.95°E / 10.32; 123.95
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Visayas (Region VII)
ProvinceCebu (geographically only)
DistrictLone district of Lapu‑Lapu
  • Founded (Opon)
  • Cityhood
  • Lone District
1730
17 June 1961
22 October 2009
Barangays30 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorPaz Radaza
 • Vice MayorMarcial Ycong
 • CongressmanAileen Radaza
 • Electorate188,815 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total58.10 km2 (22.43 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total408,112
 • Density7,000/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code6015
PSGC072226000
IDD:area code+63 (0)32
Climate typeTropical climate
Income class1st city income class
Revenue (₱)1,709,494,781.42 (2016)
Native languagesCebuano
Tagalog
Websitewww.lapulapucity.gov.ph


Lapu-Lapu, officially the City of Lapu-Lapu, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Lapu-Lapu; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Lapu-Lapu), or simply known as Lapu-Lapu City, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the region of Central Visayas, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 408,112 people.[3]

Formerly known as Opon, the city was renamed to its present name in 1961. It is one of the cities that make up Metro Cebu in the Philippines. It is geographically located in the province of Cebu, administratively independent from the province but grouped under Cebu by the Philippine Statistics Authority.

Lapu-Lapu City is bounded on the north by the Main Island of Cebu, to the west by Cebu City and Mactan Channel, on the east by the Camotes Sea, and on the south by the town of Cordova.

The city occupies Mactan Island, a few kilometers off the main island of Cebu. It also has some of the barangays under its jurisdiction on the Olango Island Group. The city is linked to Mandaue on mainland Cebu by the Mactan-Mandaue Bridge and Marcelo Fernan Bridge. Mactan-Cebu International Airport, the second busiest airport in the Philippines, is located in Lapu-Lapu.

History[edit]

In the 16th century Mactan Island was colonized by Spain. Augustinian friars founded the town of Opon in 1730 and it became a city in 1961. It was renamed after Datu Lapu-Lapu, the island's chieftain who lead the defeat against the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 in the Battle of Mactan, commemorated at the Lapu-Lapu shrine in Punta Engaño.

The municipality of Opon was founded by the Augustinian missionaries in 1730. It was ceded to the Jesuits in 1737, and later restored to the Augustinians. When the Philippine Revolution spread to the Visayas in 1896, the people organized themselves into local revolutionary units.

During the Filipino-American War, a military government was established. The continued resistance of the people of Cebu prompted the American government to restore military control over the province on 17 July 1901. In 1905, Opon held its first municipal election and Pascual dela Serna was elected town president.

The presence of oil tanks in Opon made the town an object of Japanese raids a week after the outbreak of World War II in December 1941. The enemy planes succeeded in blowing up two of about fourteen oil tanks in Opon. A unit of the Kawaguchi Detachment of the Japanese Imperial Forces landed on the east coast of Cebu on 10 April 1942. Later, the resistance movement was organized by Colonel James M. Cushing, leader of the southern and central units, and Harry Fenton of the northern unit of the Cebu Resistance Movement.

The Victor II operations of the American Division led by Major General William Arnold landed in Cebu on 26 March 1945, and subsequently liberated the province.

Congressman Manuel A. Zosa, the representative of the Sixth District of Cebu, sponsored the Bill converting the former municipality of Opon into the present day city of Lapu-Lapu. This was the Republic Act 3134,[4] known as the City Charter of Lapu-Lapu, which was signed on 17 June 1961 by Philippine President Carlos P. Garcia. Lapu-Lapu was inaugurated on 31 December 1961, with Mariano Dimataga, the last municipal mayor, as the first city mayor.[5]

As a fast growing commercial city, some of its commercial and industrial firms are the General Milling Company, one of the largest in the country; the Cebu Shipyard and Engineering Works, pioneered by Dad Cleland; and the oil companies which resumed their operations after the war. The air flight in the city is served by the Mactan International Airport.

Historically, the city includes the site of the Battle of Mactan. On 1 August 1973, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 2060, President Ferdinand Marcos declared the site of the battle a national shrine; the preservation, restoration and/or reconstruction of which shall be under the supervision and control of the National Historical Commission in collaboration with the Department of Tourism. Mactan is also the birthplace of Leonila Dimataga-Garcia, wife of Carlos P. Garcia, the fourth President of the Republic. Leonila Dimataga-Garcia was a relative of 3 term consecutive Lapu-Lapu City's late Mayor Ernest Weigel Jr. wife - who was the richest mayor in Metro Cebu with a net worth of P57.7 million in the early 2000s.

Barangays[edit]

Lapu-Lapu comprises 30 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a. Area PD2015
2015[3] 2010[6] ha acre /km2 /sq mi
072226001 Agus 3.9% 15,767 8,185 13.30% 211521 7,500 19,000
072226002 Babag 5.6% 22,756 17,721 4.88% 307759 7,400 19,000
072226003 Bankal 5.1% 20,872 13,802 8.19% 201497 10,000 27,000
072226004 Baring 0.8% 3,353 3,014 2.05% 91225 3,700 9,500
072226005 Basak 14.7% 59,873 45,927 5.18% 6031,490 9,900 26,000
072226006 Buaya 3.9% 16,072 12,123 5.52% 271670 5,900 15,000
072226007 Calawisan 2.8% 11,454 8,433 6.00% 9572,365 1,200 3,100
072226008 Canjulao 3.2% 13,245 11,471 2.78% 156385 8,500 22,000
072226011 Caubian 0.6% 2,272 2,028 2.19%
072226009 Caw‑oy 0.5% 1,837 1,629 2.31% 42104 4,400 11,000
072226010 Cawhagan 0.2% 638 559 2.55%
072226012 Gun‑ob 7.6% 31,219 34,662 −1.97%
072226013 Ibo 2.0% 8,126 7,055 2.73%
072226014 Looc 3.9% 16,016 14,073 2.49%
072226015 Mactan 8.2% 33,465 29,262 2.59%
072226016 Maribago 4.1% 16,591 12,064 6.25%
072226017 Marigondon 4.8% 19,713 17,542 2.25%
072226018 Pajac 4.3% 17,402 16,084 1.51%
072226019 Pajo 5.1% 20,999 23,107 −1.80%
072226020 Pangan‑an 0.5% 2,070 1,767 3.06%
072226021 Poblacion[a] 1.4% 5,581 8,243 −7.16%
072226022 Punta Engaño 2.1% 8,753 7,106 4.05%
072226024 Pusok 7.1% 28,810 26,568 1.55%
072226025 Sabang 1.5% 6,091 5,603 1.60%
072226031 San Vicente 0.9% 3,854 3,413 2.34%
072226026 Santa Rosa 1.1% 4,302 3,934 1.72%
072226027 Subabasbas 1.5% 6,288 5,457 2.74%
072226028 Talima 1.4% 5,734 4,855 3.22%
072226029 Tingo 0.8% 3,088 2,830 1.68%
072226030 Tungasan 0.5% 1,871 1,950 −0.78%
Total 408,112 350,467 2.94% 5,810 14,357 7,000 18,000

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Lapu-Lapu
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 69,268—    
1975 79,484+2.80%
1980 98,324+4.34%
1990 146,194+4.05%
1995 194,745+5.52%
2000 217,019+2.35%
2007 292,530+4.20%
2010 350,467+6.80%
2015 408,112+2.94%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]


Politics[edit]

Year Mayor
1938-1967 Mariano Dimataga*
1968-1991 Dr. Maximo V. Patalinjug, Jr.† **
1992-2000 Ernest Weigel, Jr.†***
2001-2010 Arturo Radaza
2010-current Paz Radaza
*Mariano Dimataga's term was interrupted during the years 1941-1945. Teodulo Tomakin and later, Eugenio Araneta were appointed as town mayors. They later escaped from the Japanese, Jorge Tampus took over. During the Allied liberation by the combined Filipino-American forces, year 1945 Mariano Dimataga resumed his interrupted term. Mariano Dimataga retired on December 30, 1967 the last day of his term after 30 years of being mayor of Opon, and Lapu-Lapu City.
**• Mayor Maximo Patalinjug died. Asphalting of Major & Barangay Roads, MEMO of Agreement - Additional - for MEPZ.
***Mayor Ernest Weigel Jr. dies months prior to election.

Transportation[edit]

Mactan-Cebu International Airport (MCIA) is located in this city, which is connected to mainland Cebu via the Marcelo Fernan Bridge and Mactan-Mandaue Bridge, as well as the Cebu–Cordova Link Expressway (located in the nearby town of Cordova), over the sea separating the Mactan island from the island of Cebu. The airport is the main gateway to Cebu and Central Visayas serving international flights to various destinations, especially to Singapore, Macau, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan. MCIA is also the second busiest airport in the Philippines after Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Part of the Poblacion barangay is still called Opon.

References[edit]

  1. ^
  2. ^ "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ Republic Act No. 3134, June 17, 1961, "An Act Creating the City Of Lapu-Lapu" elibrary.judiciary.gov.ph
  5. ^ About Lapu Lapu City
  6. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Cebu". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]