Larcena Pennington Page

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Larcena Pennington Page
Larcena Pennington Page.png
Born Larcena Ann Pennington
January 10, 1837
Nashville, Tennessee
Died March 31, 1913
Tucson, Arizona
Nationality United States
Occupation President of the Arizona Historical Society
Known for survived Apache attack and crawled 16 days to help
Spouse(s) John Hempstead Page
William Fisher Scott
Children Mary Ann Page
William P. Scott
Georgie Hazel Scott

Larcena Pennington Page (January 10, 1837 – March 31, 1913) was a 23 year old American pioneer who was kidnapped, wounded, and left for dead by Apache natives in Arizona. Unable to stand, she crawled 15 miles (24 km) over the next sixteen days to reach safety. After her kidnapping, Larcena was indirectly involved in several other incidents with Apaches, and much of her family were either killed by the natives or died of disease.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Born Larcena Ann Pennington, in Nashville, Tennessee, she was the daughter of Elias and Julia Ann Pennington and was one of 12 children, with seven sisters and four brothers.[3] Her father, Elias, was the son of Elijah Pennington, a soldier who served under General George Washington at Valley Forge during the American Revolutionary War. Her mother Julia Ann Pennington died within a year after the birth of her twelfth child while her husband was away, the surviving Penningtons moved to an area near Keechi, Texas.

Leaves Texas[edit]

In 1857, with the promise of economic prosperity, the Pennington family traveled west, originally with the intention of settling in California. From Keechi they headed west with three wagons pulled by oxen and mules, and a herd of cattle. The wagon train forded the Pecos River, where several of the cows drowned, then continued on to Paso del Norte. From there they followed the Rio Grande up to Mesilla and then went west towards Tucson. They passed through several canyons where Apache were known to spring surprise attacks, including Doubtful Canyon, Apache Pass, and Cooke's Canyon where a wagon train was attacked in the Battle of Cookes Canyon in 1861. They passed through the San Simon Valley, Sulphur Springs Valley, the San Pedro and Dragoon Springs on their way west.

In June 1857, the Penningtons temporarily stopped at Sonoita Creek, next to Fort Buchanan, because their animals were either exhausted, or had been stolen by Apaches, and Larcena had contracted malaria. The men obtained a contract from the government to supply the fort with hay and the women sewed soldiers' uniforms. When they completed the contract, the Penningtons moved west to Calabasas, along the Santa Cruz River, and before September 1859 moved into the former residence of Governor Manuel Maria Gandara.[1]


While at Fort Buchanan, Larcena met lumberjack John Hempstead Page and fell in love. The two were married on December 24, 1859, becoming the first American citizens to be wed in Tucson, which at the time was populated by less than a thousand people.[1]


Arizona 1860 4.jpg

After they married, Larcena moved from the fort to Tucson but her husband, John, remained at Canoa Ranch, south of the present day Green Valley. Canoa Ranch was owned by Bill Kirkland and John lived there because it was only 13 miles (21 km) west from Madera Canyon and the Santa Rita Mountains. John and his partner, William Randall, had a small lumber mill at Madera Canyon where they felled pine trees and transported them to Tucson by wagon.

Larcena was employed as a teacher for Kirkland's eleven-year-old ward, Mercedes Sais Quiroz. Eventually Larcena moved to Canoa Ranch with Mercedes but she soon became ill, possibly with malaria. John decided to move his wife and Mercedes out of the desert and into a cabin near the "Big Rock" at the lumber mill. He thought that the higher elevation would help Larcena recover. On March 15, 1860, John and Randall arrived in a wagon to pick up Larcena, Mercedes and their dog for the trip to the cabin. From the ranch, they headed west through the Santa Rita foothills towards Madera Canyon.

They had nearly made it to their destination when it was decided to stop and rest for the night. The location was 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the "Big Rock" and the present day Madera Kubo Gift Shop. Unknown to them, five Pinal Apaches were watching the camp from concealed positions in the surrounding hills. The next morning, Randall went out to hunt for breakfast and at around 10:00 am John went up the canyon to check on a load of lumber at the mill. This left Larcena and Mercedes alone at camp. Larcena was sitting on a rocking chair in her tent when the dog began to bark, then suddenly she heard Mercedes scream. The Apaches captured Mercedes and when they opened the flap of her tent, Larcena grabbed her husband's revolver, but they took it from her before she could shoot.[1][4]

The Apaches were armed with lances and bows. Four were young men but the fifth was older and spoke a little Spanish. The older Apache told Mercedes that he'd killed John, and when she told Larcena her husband was dead, she started to scream. One of the Apaches put his lance to Larcena's breast and threatened to kill her if she didn't stop. After stealing "whatever they could" and cutting open the Page's sacks of food, the Apaches took the two women northeast, roughly along the base of the Santa Rita Mountains, towards one of their strongholds along the San Pedro River.[1][4]

They stopped a short distance from the camp because the Apaches wanted to tear apart a feather bed they had been trying to carry off. Larcena screamed once more and again she was told to be quiet or be killed. Robert H. Forbes, author of Penningtons: Pioneers of Early Arizona, says that up to that time neither of the captives had been molested in any way, except when the Apaches "pre-tended to ambush them from behind trees or play-fully pointed the captured pistol at them." One of the Apaches also talked about how all the land in that area was once part of their domain until the white man came. The journey to the San Pedro was rough, during the walk both Larcena and Mercedes tore off pieces of their clothing and bent twigs to make an easily recognizable trail. Forbes says; "One of the Apaches melted snow in his hands for them [the captives] to drink. Mrs. Page was pushed or pulled up steep places in the trail and Mercedes was carried pick-a-back. Their hats were restored to them from the plunder and fair progress was made...."[1][4]

Left for dead[edit]

John, who was not dead, returned to the camp and discovered that his wife and Mercedes were gone. John assumed that Apaches were responsible so he got Randall and a few other men from the mill to help and they followed their trail. Just before sunset, when the group was about 15 miles (24 km) from the camp, east of the present day Helvetia, one of the Apache ran up and told the older Apache that people were approaching from behind. The Apache quickened their pace but Larcena could not keep up. She had walked all day and was already weak from her illness. While the group was standing atop a ridge, the Apaches made Larcena take off her corset and her skirt and then, as she turned around to continue walking, one of the natives struck her in the back with a lance. She fell over the side of the ridge, about seventeen feet, until becoming "lodged" against a pine tree. The Apaches followed Larcena down the ridge, thrusting their spears into her and throwing rocks at her. One of the rocks hit Larcena in the face while she was up against the tree and she fell unconscious.

The Apache dragged her body into a snow bank behind a tree so she was not visible from the trail. They removed her boots and one of them put them on. Larcena woke up a short time later and could hear her husband's voice coming from the trail. She tried to call to him but was too weak to speak loud enough. Because one of the Apaches was wearing Larcena's boots, John passed by his wife without ever knowing she was there and followed the Apaches' trail all the way to the Rincon Mountains and beyond the Catalina Mountains. When John could not find his wife, he went to Tucson and recruited a posse for a second attempt at finding his wife. Another posse also formed in Tubac but it too was unsuccessful.[1][4]

Crawls to saw mill[edit]

After John passed by Larcena, she fell unconscious again and remained in the snow bank for about three days before waking up in the middle of the night. First she ate some snow and looked after her wounds, for she had been "bruised with stones and cut with sixteen lance wounds in her back and arms."[1] Then Larcena went further down the ridge and fell asleep until sunrise. On the next morning, when Larcena woke up again, she began looking around to try to find out where she was. Knowing that the camp and the lumber mill were to the southeast, she looked in that direction and sighted a "small sharp-pointed hill,"[1] which has been identified as Huerfano Hill, about 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Helvetia. Because of her wounds and loss of blood, Larcena could barely stand so for the next several days she crawled the 15 miles (24 km) back to camp, surviving on "seeds, herbage and wild onions, with snow water to drink."[1]

According to Forbes, "Night by night (unable to lie on her back because of her wounds) she crouched upon her knees and arms on the ground and dreamed of food; but when in her sleep she reached out for the pot of beans before her, she awoke to find her hands clutching only gravel."[1] One day, Larcena came across a bear's nest and wanted to sleep there but she knew it was a bad idea and went away. Ten days after her "terrible journey" began,[1] on March 26, she climbed to the top of a ridge and saw the road that leads to Madera Canyon and the camp. Hearing the sound of voices and wagon wheels, Larcena attached her petticoat to a stick to signal for help. She also screamed but the people in the wagon passed on without seeing or hearing anything. When Larcena reached the camp, two days later, she found a smoldering campfire, some flour and some coffee that was still on the ground from when the Apaches cut open the sacks of food. Using water from a nearby stream, and a piece of her clothing, Larcena prepared some bread on the fire, made some coffee, and then rested for the night.[1][4]

On the next morning, March 31, Larcena followed the road east to the Big Rock and the lumber mill. Forbes says that "as she drew near she was seen, but not at first recognized. With clotted hair and gaping wounds, nearly naked, emaciated and sunburned, she was at first mistaken for an unfortunate outcast squaw and the men ran for their guns."[1] It was only when Larcena called out her name that she was recognized. But even then, one man, named Smith, insisted that she was a ghost because he couldn't believe that a twenty-three-year-old women could survive so long under such trying circumstances. One of the men took Larcena into a building and had her fed and washed while another man went to get a doctor in Tucson and inform John, who was preparing for a third expedition to find his wife. On April 2, Larcena was taken to Tucson where she fully recovered under the care of Dr. C.B. Hughes. The young Mexican girl, Mercedes, was later found by the United States Army and traded for Apache prisoners at Fort Buchanan.[1][4] She later married Charles A. Shibell and had four children, but died at age 26.[1]

Later life[edit]

William Fisher Scott, second husband of Larcena Pennington Page.

In 1861 the American Civil War was about to begin and Larcena was worried that the Apaches would turn more violent with the absence of military personnel. Larcena and her family soon moved to Patagonia. Due to the Bascom Affair, Chief Cochise and Mangas Coloradas were attacking American settlements all across southern New Mexico Territory. In March or April 1861, her husband, John, was ambushed and killed by Apache north of Tucson while transporting a wagon load of goods to Old Camp Grant. John was buried where he died, "at the top of the hill beyond Samaniego's ranch, on the old road; and all that Mrs. Page ever saw of him was his handkerchief, his purse and a lock of his hair." In the later part of August 1861, her brother, Jack, saved a fellow settler from Apaches during the Battle of Cookes Canyon.

In September 1861, Larcena gave birth to her daughter, Mary Ann, and shortly thereafter she moved again, to Tubac and later to a stone house along the Santa Cruz, about a half-mile from the international border with Mexico. The stone house was located in a dangerous area, frequented by Apaches, and at one point Larcena had to flee to Mowry, a small, fortified, mining town. Constantly moving, by April 1864 the Penningtons had returned to Tubac and were its only residents, as everyone else had fled during the Apache attack in 1861. Larcena's young brothers carried very long guns, to protect the family from further attacks.[1][5]

In 1867 Larcena's sister died of malaria and in 1868 her brother, Jim Pennington, was killed during attacks against the Apache. In June 1869, her father and another brother were both murdered while working at a farm by Apaches. The remaining members of the Pennington family left for Tucson and then decided to move to California. About 20 miles (32 km) outside Tucson, they had to return when Larcena's sister Ellen became gravely ill with pneumonia. Despite seeking medical help, Ellen died. Larcena and her brother were the only two remaining family members. Jack moved to Texas and Larcena decided to remain in Tucson.[1][1]

Marries again[edit]

In August 1870, she married William Fisher Scott, a Scottish lawyer and judge. Larcena and William had two children, William P. (born September 1871) and Georgie Hazel (born October 6, 1872).[6][7] Larcena refused to leave Arizona, despite all the hardships she went through there. Larcena became a Christian and was one of the first members of the Congregational Church in Tucson. She was also named president of the Arizona Historical Society. Larcena lived a relatively quiet life from then until her death.


Pennington Street in downtown Tucson is named after Larcena Pennington and her family. Scott Avenue is named for her second husband William F. Scott. In the early 2000s, a residential community named Stone House was built southeast of Sahuarita, Arizona. It was named after the Pennington's stone house along the Santa Cruz River.[5][8][9]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Forbes, Robert Humphrey. "Penningtons, Pioneers of Early Arizona" (PDF). Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  2. ^ Cleere, Jan (March 2002). "Larcena Pennington Page Survives Capture By Apaches" (PDF). Chronicle of the Old West. 2 (4). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-26. 
  3. ^ Roberts, Virginia (2013). With Their Own Blood: A Saga of Southwestern Pioneers. Fort Worth: TCU Press. ISBN 978-0875650906. Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Larcena Pennington Page Saga" (PDF). Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Stone House - A Custom Lot and Custom Home Community in Tucson, Arizona". Archived from the original on 2013-12-09. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  6. ^ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "International Genealogical Index (IGI)" database, FamilySearch William P Scott Retrieved September 16, 2015
  7. ^ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "International Genealogical Index (IGI)" database, FamilySearch Gerogie H Scott Retrieved September 16, 2015
  8. ^ "Stone House - A Custom Lot and Custom Home Community in Tucson, Arizona". Archived from the original on 2013-12-09. Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  9. ^ Leighton, David, "Pennington named for early family in territory," Arizona Daily Star, Nov. 13, 2012


  • Banks, Leo. 'Stalwart Women: Frontier Stories of Indomitable Spirit'. ISBN 0-916179-77-X. 

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