|Municipality and town|
Panoramic view of Laredo center
Location of Laredo
|Comarca||Eastern coast of Cantabria|
|• Alcalde||Ángel Vega Madrazo (2011) (PP)|
|• Total||15.71 km2 (6.07 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Density||770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Laredo (Spanish pronunciation: [laˈɾeðo]) is a town in the autonomous community of Cantabria. According to the 2008 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 12,648 inhabitants. In addition to Laredo, the municipality includes the villages of La Arenosa, El Callejo, Las Cárcobas, Las Casillas, La Pesquera, Tarrueza and Villante. Except from the last two, the other villages had been physically integrated into Laredo.
Located between the cities of Santander and Bilbao, Laredo is known in the region and nationally for "La Salvé", its 5 km long beach (7 km at high tide) and for the historic part of town dating back to Roman times. Its festivities in August are also well known due to the main event that occurs every year on the last Friday of August, known as la batalla de flores (the battle of the flowers), during which large floats entirely covered with flowers and petals are paraded along the central streets.
In Laredo (and many other cities in Spain) it is tradition for a group of men to parade a giant sardine through town at the end of carnival. At the end of this ritual, called "Entierro de la Sardina"es:Entierro de la Sardina (burial of the sardine), the sardine is burned on the beach after a fireworks display.
High middle age
- In 1200, Laredo was named villa. On January 25 of that year, the King Alfonso VIII signing in Belorado (Burgos), conferred on it the privilege by statute. It becomes, in this way, Laredo was the third Cantabrian town to receive this distinction after Castro Urdiales (1163) and Santander (1187).
In the jurisdiction, it is provided the jurisdictional limits of Laredo stretching along the coast, between the mouth of the Asón in the west and of the Agüerain the east, and inland to Ampuero.
All this, causes an increasing of the population that extends among the Church of the Assumption and the stream of Bario; It was protected with a wall (that still remains) and it was divided into three ruas, from east to weast: San Martín, En Medio and Yusera; from north to south: Ruamayor, Carnicerías Viejas (today San Marcial), Santa María and Azoque.
in 1339, Laredo took part in the conquest of Tarifa with the boat Nicolao; and in 1357 in the victory of Rochela, what contributed to the restoration of the spanish comerce with Brujas.
In the 15th century, the villa continued to provide voats and men to the commerce, militars and fishing companies of the time; and assists to the disappearance of the Jewish community in Laredo.
- The villa now belongs to the judges of the Four Towns of the Sea: Castro Urdiales, Santander and San Vicente de la Barquera. It has 2000 residents and it's passing through a brilliant period, backed by the Catholic Monarchs.
in 1629, Laredo is named capital of judges of the Four Towns of the Coast of the Sea, which turns the willa into the most importante and extensive council. In fact, it is permanent seat of the royal magistrate, comprising the current Cantabria, and it is presented as the villa which controls the privileges that the king grantes.
From this period of the history, it is conserved the Ark of the Three Kings, where the municipal documentation is deposited and which is guarded by three officers of the council.
- in 1822, Laredo become the town hall, and in 1836 it has lost his cane and the municipality and the institutions in which Laredo could locate.
In the second half of the 19th century, the installation of canneries and salting (throughout the 20th century ranks first in the secondary sector) lead to the departure of the village.
Tourism bursts into the villa, which is set to transform its economy and appearance. In 1876, the Guide to sea bathing in Laredo was published. It produced the urbanization of large areas of the medieval quarter and it started the construction of the fishing port in 1883.
Currently, Laredo sets its urban development and the tourism remains being one of the main sources of its economy.
Economically, Laredo, is based on fishing and the service sector and tourism. Laredo is considered one of the main resorts on the Cantabrian coast. The local industry is based on the processing of fishery products, especially anchovies, and family businesses.
In Laredo, whose average income level is amongst the fifteen highest in Cantabria, the service sector employs over half the population (51.2%). Laredo Regional Hospital in Laredo serves the surrounding region.
Laredo is connected to Spanish transportation hubs Bilbao and Santander via Automoviles Luarca, S.A.. Bilbao is an hour to the east of Laredo, while Santander lies 40 minutes west. Madrid is a 5-hour bus journey away.
People from Laredo
- Bernardino de Escalante (1537-circa 1605), 16th-century writer.
- José Emilio Amavisca (1971-), retired footballer.
- Ignacio Rodríguez Ortiz (1982-), footballer.
Twin towns - Sister cities
- Cenon, France (since 1988)
- Dakhla, Sahrawi Republic (since 16 December 2011)
- Laredo, USA
- El Diario; Último adiós a la sardina en Laredo
- "Veinte años después, la villa volvió a hermanarse con la ciudad gala de Cenon" (in Spanish). es:El Diario Montañés. 2008-10-12. Retrieved 2013-03-03.
- "Laredo y el Campamento Dajla firman convenio de un hermanamiento de solidaridad" (in Spanish). Sahara Press Service. 2011-12-17. Retrieved 2013-03-03.
- "LA CASA DE CULTURA ACOGERÁ MAÑANA LA PRESENTACIÓN DEL DOCUMENTAL HIJAS DE LA ESPERANZA, DE JAVIER IBARRA" (in Spanish). Laredo.es. 2011-12-15. Retrieved 2013-03-03.
- "Estudiantes tejanos de visita en Laredo" (in Spanish). El Diario Montañés. 2011-07-29. Retrieved 2013-03-03.
- Laredo, Spain Laredotexas.gov
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